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Margo Machida

American printmaker and installation artist. Born and raised in New York City, Arai, a third-generation Japanese American printmaker, mixed-media artist, public artist and cultural activist, studied art at the Philadelphia College of Art and The Printmaking Workshop in New York. Since the 1970s, her diverse projects have ranged from individual works to large-scale public commissions (...

Article

South African, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1956, in Kitwe, Zambia.

Painter, sculptor, printmaker, video artist, land artist, watercolourist, curator.

Clive van den Berg came to South Africa in 1966, and trained at the University of Natal. He taught fine arts at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg ...

Article

British, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1963, in England.

Book artist, printmaker, graphic designer, installation artist, art director, writer, educator. Community art, environmental art.

After a Foundation course at Lanchester Polytechnic, Lanchester (1981–1982), Les Bicknell studied graphic design at the London College of Printing (...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Active since 1973 active in England, after Germany.

Born 28 January 1924, in Brussels; died 28 January 1976, in Cologne.

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), engraver, installation artist, environmental artist.

Conceptual Art.

Marcel Broodthaers bowed to his father's wishes and enrolled at university in 1942 to study chemistry, but quickly dropped out to become a poet. By the late 1940s, he was running a small bookshop and moving in literary circles, frequenting the Surrealists and becoming a willing co-signatory to the various tracts levelled at the time against André Breton. He was a close friend of René Magritte. In 1957, Broodthaers published his first volume of poems: ...

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Painter, engraver.

Mireille Clamens' focus is the human collective (and atavistic) memory of the natural environment: accordingly, images, abstract motifs, hieroglyphics and symbols are juxtaposed in space to create a pictorial language that achieves a unique plastic sensitivity.

She has been represented at group exhibitions since ...

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Born 1936, in Montreal.

Painter, print artist (woodcuts), ceramicist, installation artist, mixed media. Murals.

Land Art.

During the 1950s, René Derouin studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Montreal and the Institut des Arts Graphiques. For some years, he studied with Pablo O'Higgins, one of the founders of the Mexican popular studios, and at the Esmeralda School of the University of Mexico, which had been founded by Diego Rivera. He settled in Val-David, in the Laurentians, north of Montreal. In ...

Article

Belgian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1948, in Liège.

Painter, engraver, sculptor.

Fernand Flausch attended the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Liège. One of his aims is to incorporate art into the environment and notable among his works are the ceiling of the Opéra in Liege (...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1 April 1933, in Jamaica (New York); died 29 December 1996, in New York.

Sculptor, installation artist, environmental artist, engraver.

Minimal Art.

Dan Flavin entered the Brooklyn Seminary in order to become a priest. He then trained as a meteorologist with the American army in Korea. He subsequently attended the New College of Social Research, New York, in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Active also active in Italy.

Born 6 September 1939, in Pontchartrain.

Painter, lithographer, collage artist, environmental artist.

Nouvelle Figuration, Figuration Narrative.

Gérard Fromanger only studied art briefly at the studio of Busse and Gillet at the Grande-Chaumière academy in Paris and at evening classes in the city. He spent only 18 days at the École des Beaux-Arts. Nevertheless he found success as a painter, as well as a designer of sets and costumes for Stockhausen's ballet ...

Article

British, 20th century, female.

Born 1974, in Crawley, England.

Book artist, printmaker, graphic arts, public art.

Lucy Harrison received her BFA in graphic arts from the Kent Institute of Art & Design in 1997. She began producing artists’ books and multiples while studying printmaking at the Royal College (...

Article

Deborah A. Middleton

American sculptor, painter, and printmaker. Heizer’s earthworks erected in the vast desert expanses of the American Midwest marked the beginning of the land art movement of the 1960s and liberated art from the confines of the art gallery. Heizer’s early experience and exposure to desert landscapes and Native American culture was influenced by his father Robert Heizer, an important American archaeologist, and his maternal grandfather Olaf P. Jenkins, who was an important early American geologist. He attended the San Francisco Art Institute (...

Article

British, 20th century, female.

Born 31 December 1937, in Vienna, to British parents.

Painter, engraver (etching), environmental artist.

Tess Jaray trained at the St Martin's School of Art (1954-1957) and at the Slade School in London (1957-1960). She taught at the Slade School until ...

Article

South African, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 28 April 1955, in Johannesburg.

Draughtsman, engraver, graphic designer, film producer, sculptor, theatre and opera designer and producer. Multimedia, animated films.

Land Art.

Although William Kentridge has practised his creativity in many domains and in a wide range of media (animated films, land art, sculpture, printmaking, theatre and opera design and production, installations), it is chiefly his large-scale charcoal drawings in process (drawing for animation) and his unique, short, animated films and their projection that have given him international fame....

Article

Danish, 20th century, male.

Active also active in Germany.

Born 1 September 1938, in Copenhagen.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, watercolourist, engraver, performance artist, environmental artist. Landscapes.

Neo-Impressionism.

Fluxus, Nouveaux Fauves.

Per Kirkeby took a doctorate in geology and has participated in several scientific expeditions to Greenland, central America, central Asia and Ireland. In the 1960s, he was a member of the experimental art school in Copenhagen, which was close to the Fluxus group, and, in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 29 July 1937, in Nice; died 8 or 9 August 1980, in Paris, committed suicide.

Painter (including gouache), sculptor, mixed media, screen printer, environmental artist, draughtsman.

Robert Malaval, the son of a fitter at the Michelin factory and a bank clerk, took up art in ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 18 February 1953, in Paris.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman. Scenes with figures.

Didier Mazuru graduated in architecture in 1980. In a technique indebted to Salvador Dali, he sets, in a hostile environment with constructions inspired by Egypt, figures made up of bits of sculptures randomly pieced together. They appear to be playing some sort of chess game with little sculptures in their own image. He exhibits mainly in solo shows: in Belfort, Montluçon and St-Étienne, Paris, St-Niklaas (Belgium) and the Institut Français in Stockholm....

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 6 November 1944, in Glasgow.

Performance artist, painter, sculptor, installation artist, printmaker, ceramicist.

Conceptual Art, Land Art.

Bruce McLean studied at Glasgow School of Art (1961-1963), and at St Martins School of Art in London (1963-1966) under Anthony Caro, Phillip King and William Tucker. He has taught at the Croydon School of Art (...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Active from 1959 in France.

Born 7 July 1916, in Bruges; died 7 February 1994, in Paris.

Painter, engraver, environmental artist. Architectural integration.

Groupe Mesure.

Luc Peire trained at the art school in Bruges, at St Luke's art school in Ghent, and from 1936 to 1939 at the Hoger Instituut voor Schone Kunsten in Antwerp, where his teacher was Van de Woestijne. In 1954 he formed a friendship with Michel Seuphor in Paris, whose aesthetic views he shared. He belonged to various different progressive movements. He travelled a great deal, notably to Spain, Italy, the Congo, Morocco, South Africa and the USA, and settled in Paris in 1959....

Article

Stephan von Wiese

German painter, printmaker and environmental artist. He studied art at the Hochschule für Bildenden Künste in Munich and the Staatliche Kunstakademie in Düsseldorf and then philosophy at Cologne University, graduating in 1957. In the same year he developed the Grid Picture, a type of stencilled painting made from half-tone screens with regularly arranged points in single colours (yellow, silver, white or gold), for example ...

Article

Native American (Warm Springs, Wasco and Yakima), 20th–21st century, female.

Born 1943, in Oregon.

Ceramicist, glass artist, mask-maker, jewellery artist, printmaker, sculptor. Public art.

‘Giving voice to my ancestors’ is a central concern of the Pacific Northwest and Oregon-based artist Lillian Pitt. Much of the work she creates in a variety of media (ceramics, glass, bronze, and other materials) contains a strong awareness of the deep histories of her peoples and their 12,000-year existence in the Columbia River Basin in Oregon. Born and raised at Warm Springs Indian Reservation near Madras, Oregon, she directly descends from the three tribal peoples based there after a historic treaty removed them from their homelands along the Columbia River....