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Elizabeth Anne McCauley

French photographer. For more than 30 years Aubry worked as an industrial designer. In January 1864 he formed a Parisian company to manufacture plaster casts and photographs of plants and flowers. Although unsuccessful (he filed for bankruptcy in 1865), he continued to sell photographs to drawing schools throughout the 1870s. His albumen prints are often striking close-ups of natural forms taken with a flat perspective and symmetrical arrangement that was inspired by the lithographic plates traditionally used by industrial design students. The failure of Aubry’s ideas on the use of photographs in the industrial design process can be attributed to both the French government’s reluctance to introduce photography into art schools and the shift in French taste towards more abstract, simplified decorations for manufactured goods. His work is included in the collections of the Bibliothèque Nationale, the Bibliothèque des Arts Décoratifs and Musée d’Orsay, Paris, and the J. Paul Getty Museum, Malibu, CA....

Article

Monica Bohm-Duchen

American painter, designer, photographer and typographer, of Austrian birth. After serving in the Austrian army (1917–18), Bayer studied architecture under Professor Schmidthammer in Linz in 1919 and in 1920 worked with the architect Emanuel Margold in Darmstadt. From 1921 to 1923 he attended the ...

Article

Hélène Bocard

French photographer, caricaturist, and writer. He was trained as an industrial designer, then, like Nadar, he embarked on a career as a caricaturist. He was passionately fond of the theatre and published a series of lithographs, Le Théâtre à la ville, in Paris in 1854...

Article

Eliza A. Butler

American photographer. Faurer studied design at the School of Commercial Art and Lettering in Philadelphia in the late 1930s and subsequently worked as a civilian photographic technician for the United States Army Signal Corps during World War II. He was hired by Lillian Bassman for a photography position at ...

Article

Swiss, 19th century, male.

Born 1801, in Geneva; died 6 April 1883, in Geneva.

Painter. Landscapes.

Formerly a watchmaker and photographer, George-Legrand trained under Diday and exhibited regularly in Geneva from 1837 to 1868. An exhibition of his work was held after his death.

Bern: ...

Article

Gjergj Frashëri

Albanian painter, architect, sculptor and photographer. His grandfather Andrea Idromeno was a painter and a doctor of theology; his father, Arsen Idromeno, was a furniture designer and painter. Kol Idromeno took private lessons in painting (1871–5) at the studio of the photographer and painter ...

Article

British, 20th century, female.

Also active in Germany and Switzerland.

Born, 18 January 1894, in Prague; died 17 May 1989, in Zurich.

Photographer, author. Portraits, industrial design, architecture.

Bauhaus.

Lucia Moholy developed her straightforward approach to photography at the Bauhaus in Weimar, where she moved with her husband Làszló Moholy-Nagy in ...

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1962, in Munich.

Painter, installation artist, photographer. Wall decorations, furniture.

Regina Möller lives and works in Berlin. Using installations or photographs, she tackles the subject of traditional representations of women in daily life, at home or at work, putting herself in the situation. Since ...

Article

Ewa Mikina

Polish industrial designer, photographer, sculptor and painter. He studied at the Kraków Academy of Fine Arts from 1945 to 1950, later becoming dean of the Faculty of Industrial Design there, as well as president of the Polish Association of Designers and vice-president of the International Council of Societies of Industrial Design. He was the author of numerous theoretical studies on design and an adherent of ‘natural’ design. Throughout his life he experimented with photography, producing works without using a camera or negative, such as prints of gestures of the flat of the hand and abstract forms painted with developers on light-sensitive materials. His camerawork consisted of wide-angle close-ups of fragments of the human body, which transformed into semi-sculptural compositions. ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 16 June 1917, in Plainfield, New Jersey; died 7 October 2009, in New York City.

Photographer. Portraits, still-lifes, figures, fashion.

Raised in Philadelphia by a watchmaker and a nurse, Irving Penn graduated from the Philadelphia Museum School of Industrial Art in ...

Article

Amy Rule

American photographer. Between 1934 and 1938 he studied at the Philadelphia Museum School of Industrial Art with Alexey Brodovitch, who published Penn’s drawings in Harper’s Bazaar in the late 1930s. Penn spent 1942 painting in Mexico. In 1943, while working for Vogue magazine as a designer, he also began taking photographs. Penn served in the American Field Service in Italy and India from ...

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Jean A. Follett

American architect, stained-glass designer, furniture designer, and photographer. Preston was the son of Jonathan Preston (1801–88), a successful builder in Boston. William completed a year’s study at the Lawrence Scientific School in Cambridge, MA (later incorporated into Harvard University), and then went to Paris where he enrolled briefly in the Atelier Douillard. He returned to Boston in ...

Article

Susan Fillin-Yeh

American painter and photographer. He studied at the Philadelphia School of Industrial Design from 1900 to 1903, and then with William Merritt Chase at Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts (1903–6). In 1906 he exhibited in a group exhibition at the National Academy of Design, New York. From ...

Article

Canadian painter, sculptor, film maker and photographer. From 1948 to 1952 he studied in Toronto at the Ontario College of Art. After working for a commercial art firm he travelled around Europe for 18 months from 1953 to 1954 visiting museums and art galleries. He then worked for the company Graphic Films from ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA since 1966.

Born 20 April 1941, in Château-Arnoux-St-Auban (Alpes de Haute-Provence).

Painter, draughtsman, sculptor, designer, photographer, performance artist. Furniture.

Conceptual Art.

Bernar Venet lives and works in New York but spends extended periods in France, working in Rozières-sur-Mouzon, Nice and Grenoble....