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Article

Italian, 12th century, male.

Born c. 1103, in Reggio nell'Emilia.

Painter.

This artist's date of birth has been established by documents from the archives of S Prospero found in Reggio.

Article

Italian, 12th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects.

This artist is said to have painted a Romanesque crucifix in the cathedral of Spoleto. It is signed: Opus Albertini Sotti, 1187.

Article

Alipi  

Russian, 11th – 12th century, male.

Died 17 August 1114.

Painter.

This artist was a monk who took his name from that of the monastery in the caves of Kiev. He painted images of the oldest saints, having learned his art from the Byzantine painters who decorated the monastery church in ...

Article

Altun  

German, 12th century, male.

Active between 1182 and 1197.

Miniaturist, draughtsman.

Bavarian School.

The pen drawings of Altun's manuscripts are valuable documents in the history of Bavarian painting in the High Romanesque style; they are to be found in the manuscripts of the court and state library of Munich. Several Weihenstefan manuscripts are preserved that contain illustrations of Altun offering the book to the patron saint of his monastery....

Article

Anshalm  

German, 12th century, male.

Active in Regensburg.

Painter.

Regensburg School.

Article

Italian, 12th century, male.

Painter. Murals.

Reggio Emilia School.

This artist painted murals in the courtyard of the monastery of S Prospero in Reggio Emilia.

Article

Italian, 12th century, male.

Painter, fresco artist. Religious subjects.

A native of Modena, in 1237 this artist painted a fresco for the apse, in the church of S Maria di Cartignano in Bussi, Abruzzo.

Article

Artistic manifestations of Arthurian legends antedate surviving textual traditions and sometimes bear witness to stories that have not survived in written form. Thus the Tristan sculptures (c. 1102–17) carved on a column from the north transept of the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela...

Article

Debra Higgs Strickland

Richly illustrated bestiary manuscript (275×185mm, 105 fols; Oxford, Bodleian Lib., Ashmole 1511), written in Latin and illuminated probably in southern England around 1210. The original patron is unknown. It contains the text and illustrations of a complete bestiary, with prefatory Creation scenes and excerpts from Genesis and part of Hugh de Folieto’s ...

Article

Sophie Page

Astrology is the art of predicting events on earth as well as human character and disposition from the movements of the planets and fixed stars. Medieval astrology encompassed both general concepts of celestial influence, and the technical art of making predictions with horoscopes, symbolic maps of the heavens at particular moments and places constructed from astronomical information. The scientific foundations of the art were developed in ancient Greece, largely lost in early medieval Europe and recovered by the Latin West from Arabic sources in the 12th and 13th centuries. Late medieval astrological images were successfully Christianized and were adapted to particular contexts, acquired local meanings and changed over time....

Article

Charles Buchanan

Type of large-format Bible, usually found in pandect (single-volume) form, produced in central Italy and Tuscany from around 1060 to the middle of the 12th century. They came out of the efforts of a reformist papacy intent on wresting control over ecclesiastical investiture from the Holy Roman Emperor. The Giant Bibles were produced in reformed canonries and monasteries and then exported to the same, not only in Italy but throughout Europe....

Article

Italian, 12th century, male.

Born to a family originally from Gubbio.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Neapolitan School.

This artist must have painted the fresco of the Archangel Michael in the church of S Maria di Vettorino in Gubbio. According to Baldinucci there is evidence of a painter of this name working in Naples....

Article

French, 12th century, male.

Died 1150.

Painter.

Provencal School.

This artist worked in Provence.

Article

German, 12th century, male.

Active during the first half of the 12th century.

Monk, painter.

A Benedictine monk in the monastery of Zweifalten (Württemberg), which he decorated with frescoes and stained glass windows.

Article

Chinese, 12th – 13th century, male.

Painter. Figures.

Song dynasty.

Bo Liangyu was a member of the academy of painting during the reign of Emperor Ningzong (1195-1225). He devoted himself to painting Taoist and Buddhist figures.

Article

Joan Stanley-Baker

Chinese painter . His paintings of landscapes, figures, flowers, fruit and birds apparently ranged in size and format from large screens to handscrolls, album leaves and fans. The critic Zhao Xigu ( fl 1180–1240) considered Zhao Boju the best of all Southern Song (1127–1279...

Article

German, 11th – 12th century, male.

Painter.

The Bishop of Halberstadt, this artist had his church rebuilt and was not too proud to contribute to its decoration.

Article

Richard Edwards

Chinese painter . Although documented primarily as a painter of plum blossom, he is also reported to have specialized in the human figure and to have painted bamboo, pine trees, rocks and narcissus. Xia Wenyan, writing in 1365, noted Yang’s personal integrity in refusing to serve the government of the Song dynasty (...

Article

In the 20th century, discussion of the relationship between Byzantine art and the art of the Latin West evolved in tandem with scholarship on Byzantine art itself. Identified as the religious imagery and visual and material culture of the Greek Orthodox Empire based at Constantinople between ...

Article

Chinese, 11th – 12th century, male.

Born 1053, in Juye (Shandong); died 1110.

Painter. Figures, landscapes, animals.

Chao Buzhi was a scholar-official and poet. He also painted figures, animals and trees.