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Article

Thorsten Opper

Source of a group of Roman and Greek works of art, in particular a group of Greek bronze sculptures and statuettes. In 1900 sponge-divers discovered the remains of an ancient shipwreck in the sea off the Greek island of Antikythera. In one of the first operations of this kind, they salvaged some its cargo. A new investigation of the wreck site took place in ...

Article

1st century, male.

Active probably in the first half of the 1st century BC.

Painter (?).

A freed slave once belonging to Gabinius, active probably at the time of Cicero, Antiochus Gabinius may have been a pupil or collaborator of the portrait painter Sopolis.

Article

C. Hobey-Hamsher

Greek painter. Born in Egypt, Antiphilos was a pupil of Ktesidemos. Although none of his works survives, he painted both large and small pictures and was famous for the facility of his technique (Quintilian: Principles of Oratory XII.x.6). Pliny (Natural History XXXV.114, 138) listed many of his pictures, which included portraits (...

Article

Apelles  

Susan B. Matheson

Greek painter. Ancient sources stating that he was born at Kos (Pliny XXXV.xxxvi.79) or Ephesos (Strabo: Geography XIV.i.25) apparently confused his correct place of birth (Suidas: ‘Apelles’) with cities where he was later active. According to Pliny, Apelles flourished in the 112th Olympiad (...

Article

1st century, male.

Active in Rome towards the middle of the 1st century BC.

Painter.

Ancient Roman.

According to Pliny, Arellius used his mistresses as models for his depictions of the goddesses: Itaque in pictura ejus scorta numerabantur, 'And so you can count his mistresses in his picture'....

Article

1st century, male.

Of Syrian origin.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

Mentioned in Pliny, Aristoboulus seems to have been active in the first half of the 1st century BC.

Article

3rd century, male.

Active in the first half of the 3rd century AD.

Born in Caria.

Painter.

Greco-Roman Antiquity.

Aristodemus wrote about the painters of antiquity and also himself painted in the manner of Eumelus (probably a master of the second half of the 2nd century AD, and author of a ...

Article

Sophie Page

Astrology is the art of predicting events on earth as well as human character and disposition from the movements of the planets and fixed stars. Medieval astrology encompassed both general concepts of celestial influence, and the technical art of making predictions with horoscopes, symbolic maps of the heavens at particular moments and places constructed from astronomical information. The scientific foundations of the art were developed in ancient Greece, largely lost in early medieval Europe and recovered by the Latin West from Arabic sources in the 12th and 13th centuries. Late medieval astrological images were successfully Christianized and were adapted to particular contexts, acquired local meanings and changed over time....

Article

C. Hobey-Hamsher

Greek painter from Maroneia in Thrace, none of whose work survives. The only account of Athenion is given by Pliny (Natural History XXXV.134), who said he was a pupil of Glaukion of Corinth. Some thought his work more pleasing than that of Nikias, who was thus probably a contemporary. Yet Athenion used a more severe colour scheme, an austerity that reflected the intellectual principles by which he painted. His work included ...

Article

1st century, male.

Painter.

Ancient Roman.

Pliny relates that Attius Priscus worked under Vespasian, with Cornelius Pinus, on the restoration of the temples of Honor and Virtus. Pliny says that he was 'antiquis similor' (close to the ancients), and thus close to the Classical style. Nothing remains of his work, though his name has been suggested as painter of the ...

Article

Gordon Campbell

In 55 bc Julius Caesar landed in Britain, and the following year returned with a substantial army. He did not attempt to conquer territory, but on his second expedition he installed a client king, and so inaugurated the process whereby Britain established ever closer political and commercial relations with Rome. Caligula attempted an invasion in ...

Article

4th century, male.

Painter.

Cited by Ris-Paquot.

Article

In the 20th century, discussion of the relationship between Byzantine art and the art of the Latin West evolved in tandem with scholarship on Byzantine art itself. Identified as the religious imagery and visual and material culture of the Greek Orthodox Empire based at Constantinople between ...

Article

C. Hobey-Hamsher

Greek painter. He was the son of Seleukos and, although he was from Alexandria, worked in Rome; none of his work survives. He illustrates the shift of artistic patronage from the great Hellenistic cities to Rome in the 2nd century bc. Demetrios is the earliest recorded ...

Article

2nd century, male.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

Demetrius, son of Selencus, lived in Alexandria where Ptolemy Philometor conceived a great liking for him, taking the artist with him when he went into exile in Rome (c. 165 BC). Demetrius was apparently a painter of landscapes and one of the first to tackle such subjects. It is likely that he had an important influence on Roman painting in its early years....

Article

2nd century, male.

Born in Himera (Sicily).

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

Demophilus, according to Pliny the Elder was the master of Zeuxis. He may have been the author of a work on the subject of proportions.

Article

1st century, male.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

Diodorus lived at the time of Nero.

Article

2nd century, male.

Painter.

Ancient Roman.

Diognetus taught painting to the emperor Marcus Aurelius. He was also a philosopher.

Article

Dimitris Plantzos

Greek city situated at the foothills of Mt Olympus in northern Greece (district of Pieria), 14 km south of modern city of Katerini. It was an important Macedonian political and cultural centre from the Classical to the Roman periods (6th century bc–4th century...

Article

1st century, male.

Active in Rome.

Painter. Portraits.

Ancient Roman.

Dionysius may be of Greek origin.