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Article

French, 16th century, male.

Glass painter, decorative designer.

Jean Adrian produced a large stained glass window for the cathedral of Rennes around 1526. In 1532 he was commissioned to organise the coronation celebrations of the dauphin, François, Duke of Brittany. He performed the same duties in ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Stained glass painter, enameller.

From 1893, Aikman exhibited the designs and executions of his works. He endeavoured to bring back to life in England the science of the master stained-glass painters of the Renaissance as well as that of the artists of the Gothic period....

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 24 March 1859, in Angers; died 1941, in Angers.

Painter, decorative artist, lithographer. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, genre scenes. Designs for stained glass.

He was a pupil of Ernest Hebert and Luc-Olivier Merson at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. Between ...

Article

Portuguese, 20th century, male.

Born 1893, in Fazenda-Saudade (Sao-Tomé); died 1970, in Lisbon.

Painter, draughtsman, newspaper cartoonist. Wall decorations, designs for stained glass.

Futurism.

José Sobral de Almada-Negreiros was an active witness of the Portugal of his time. He used a wide variety of methods in his unending attempt to open Portugal to Europe and the modern world. Although he was a writer, poet, polemicist and playwright, he had no formal training in art. In ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 23 September 1923, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman (including ink), illustrator. Portraits, landscapes. Wall decorations, designs for stained glass, designs for mosaics.

A self-taught artist, Gérard Altmann lived in Paris in the post-war years, moving to Provence in 1952. In the early years he was a figurative artist, painting mainly landscapes in muted colour tones. He received numerous commissions for murals, stained glass windows and mosaics, and shifted towards a relatively abstract approach, retaining some suggestion of reality and, in contrast to his figurative period, featuring strong colours. His architectural preoccupations, embodied in chiaroscuro, transcend the different periods. He shows perfect mastery of watercolour techniques, and also produces Indian ink drawings. He illustrated ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 19 February 1946, in Washington DC.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, engraver, photographer, video artist, glassmaker, decorative designer. Theatre design.

AfriCobra Group.

Akili Ron Anderson attended the Corcoran School of Art and Howard University in Washington DC where he lives and works. He is a member of AfriCobra (African Commune of Bad Relevant Artists) founded in ...

Article

Dutch, 18th century, male.

Born 1702, in Groningen; died 1750.

Painter, glass painter, decorative artist. Figure compositions, portraits.

Johannes Antiquus studied glass painting with Gerard van der Veen and worked for a number of years in this field. He then placed himself under the direction of Jan Abel Wassenbergh, a distinguished painter of historical portraits, remaining with him for several years. Thereafter, Antiquus went to France, where he worked mainly as a portrait painter; however, his urge to visit Italy cut short his time in Paris. In Italy, he stayed mainly in Florence, where he was employed by the grand dukes of Tuscany for six years. His principal work was an important composition depicting the fall of the race of giants. When he returned to Holland he was very warmly received. The Prince of Orange commissioned him to decorate Het Loo Palace, for which he produced a large work showing ...

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1527, in Milan; died 11 July 1593, in Milan.

Painter, decorative designer. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, portraits, still-lifes. Designs for stained glass, designs for tapestries.

Prague School.

Giuseppe Arcimboldo belonged to a patrician family from Milan, which boasted three archbishops. Giuseppe, however, came from the 'poor' branch of the family. He was the son of Biagio and is assumed to have learned the rudiments of drawing and painting from his father, although no details of his training as an artist are known. His name first appears in a payment notice of 17 June 1551 in the cathedral construction records. He is believed to have gone to the court of the German emperors in 1561 and to have followed the court to its residences in Vienna and Prague.Arcimboldo enjoyed the successive patronage of Ferdinand I, Maximilian II and, in particular, Rudolph II. From 1562 to 1585 his name appears regularly in the court registers: he was paid 20 florins a month and often received additional sums from the imperial purse. A court painter, he was also commissioned to arrange courtly entertainments such as processions, cavalcades, balls and outdoor parties and it is thought that he may have invented the carousel. He was also a musician and devised 'a colormetric method of musical transcription' - a form of musical notation deciphered and performed on the harpsichord by the viol player Monzo. His biographers, Francine Legrand and Félix Sluys, liken this invention to 'present-day methods for synchronising music and film'. He also advised on the content of imperial collections and travelled for his patrons, acquiring works of art on their behalf.In 1587 he received his discharge from Rudolph II (who made him Count Palatine in 1591) and returned, his fortune made, to the city of his birth, where he died, according to the inscription on his tomb, in 1593 at the age of 63.He was buried at the church of S Pietro della Vigna (it no longer survives). On 28 November 1551, Arcimboldo painted five armorial bearings for the king of Bohemia and a decoration for the main door of the cathedral. In the years following he painted ducal coats of arms for the feast of the Virgin, executed a map of the region of Volpedo and repainted the cathedral façade. In collaboration with his father he drew cartoons for stained glass windows depicting the ...

Article

Suzanne Tise

Descriptive term applied to a style of decorative arts that was widely disseminated in Europe and the USA during the 1920s and 1930s. Derived from the style made popular by the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes held in Paris in 1925, the term has been used only since the late 1960s, when there was a revival of interest in the decorative arts of the early 20th century. Since then the term ‘Art Deco’ has been applied to a wide variety of works produced during the inter-war years, and even to those of the German Bauhaus. But Art Deco was essentially of French origin, and the term should, therefore, be applied only to French works and those from countries directly influenced by France....

Article

Michèle Lavallée

Decorative style of the late 19th century and the early 20th that flourished principally in Europe and the USA. Although it influenced painting and sculpture, its chief manifestations were in architecture and the decorative and graphic arts, the aspects on which this survey concentrates. It is characterized by sinuous, asymmetrical lines based on organic forms; in a broader sense it encompasses the geometrical and more abstract patterns and rhythms that were evolved as part of the general reaction to 19th-century historicism. There are wide variations in the style according to where it appeared and the materials that were employed....

Article

Alan Crawford

Informal movement in architecture and the decorative arts that championed the unity of the arts, the experience of the individual craftsman, and the qualities of materials and construction in the work itself.

The Arts and Crafts Movement developed in the second half of the 19th century and lasted well into the 20th, drawing its support from progressive artists, architects and designers, philanthropists, amateurs, and middle-class women seeking work in the home. They set up small workshops apart from the world of industry, revived old techniques, and revered the humble household objects of pre-industrial times. The movement was strongest in the industrializing countries of northern Europe and in the USA, and it can best be understood as an unfocused reaction against industrialization. Although quixotic in its anti-industrialism, it was not unique; indeed it was only one among several late 19th-century reform movements, such as the Garden City movement, vegetarianism, and folksong revivals, that set the Romantic values of nature and folk culture against the artificiality of modern life....

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 25 July 1869, in Valence; died 2 February 1948, in Nice.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, draughtsman, engraver (including etching). Genre scenes, portraits, landscapes. Wall decorations, frescoes, designs for mosaics, stained glass windows, ornaments.

Having attended classes at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons in ...

Article

Gordon Campbell

In furniture, an upholstered bench-like seat, originally French, usually on six or more legs; a banquette de croisée is a banquette designed as a window seat. In military usage, a banquette is a raised platform running along the inside of a rampart or parapet, or bottom of a trench, on which soldiers stand to fire at the enemy....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born in Alençon.

Painter, decorative designer, glassmaker, mosaicist.

Louis Barillet is an important figure in the field of contemporary stained glass. The stained glass and mosaics from his workshops are made in collaboration with Jacques Le Chevallier and Théodore Hansen. Examples can be seen in Luxembourg Cathedral, St-Malo Cathedral, the churches of Laigle, St-Léon in Paris and Notre-Dame-de-la-Trinité in Blois, in the chapels of the seminary in Meaux and at the Jeanne-d'Arc School in Argentan. He exhibited a modern window for Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris at the Exposition Internationale of ...

Article

Flemish, 15th century, male.

Died in Mechelen.

Glass painter, decorative artist.

Flemish School.

Gauthier van Battel the Elder was one of those involved in the decorative work required for the annual celebrations in Mechelen, the 'Onmegang'. In 1477, working with his son Gauthier the Younger, he made a window for the Society of Drapers in the church of St-Rombaut in Mechelen....

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1868, in Hamburg; died 27 February 1940, in Berlin.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, architect, designer, decorative artist, graphic designer. Posters, furniture, wallpaper, carpets, glassware, ceramics, table services, jewellery, silverwork, objets d'art, typefaces.

Jugendstil, functional school.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven), Deutscher Werkbund...

Article

Tunisian, 20th century, male.

Born 26 May 1921, in Tunis.

Painter, miniaturist. Genre scenes, local scenes, figures. Wall decorations, stage sets, designs for stained glass.

Jélal Ben Abdallah was a student at the school of fine art in Tunis. Initially he was a miniaturist, having studied traditional Islamic art and developed an oriental style, often defined as Tunisian. He portrays the traditions and ceremonies of Tunisian life in a make-up inspired by the ancient miniatures, using a range of warm ochres and soft browns. He also proved himself to be capable of adapting the images from these miniatures to a much larger format, that of murals, especially popular in the banks of Tunisia. His pleasant illustrations of Tunisian traditions are very popular with the public. As well as a certain ease of style and subject-matter, he can also achieve a certain poetic vein in his work....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 26 June 1909, in Dijon; died 6 December 1996, in Paris.

Painter, collage artist, engraver, draughtsman. Wall decorations, designs for mosaics, stained glass windows, tapestries, stage costumes and sets.

A pupil at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons in 1930, Bertholle studied in Paris from 1932-1934, and subsequently attended classes run by the painter Roger Bissière at the Académie Ranson, where he met his friends and associates Manessier, Etienne-Martin, Le Moal and Véra Pagava. He was artistic director of the Gien porcelain factory from 1943-1957, and taught at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1965-1980. He was a member of the Institut de France, a Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur and a Commander of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres. Initially an admirer of Puvis de Chavannes, whose work he had encountered at the city museum in Lyons, Bertholle later discovered Manet (at the Paris Exposition Universelle of 1932), and through the latter, Van Gogh and Renoir. Following his early, highly-coloured Expressionist period, Bertholle was greatly influenced by the Flemish fantasies of Breughel and Heironymus Bosch, and ultimately by the Surrealists - as may be seen in his painting of the ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1873, in Munich; died 1933, in Bad Nauheim.

Tapestry maker, glassmaker, interior designer. Designs (furniture).

Jugendstil.

Karl Bertsch was a self-taught tapestry maker. In 1902, with Adelbert Niemeyer, he created a workshop making furniture and interior decoration items, which they called the Müncher Werkstätten für Wohnungseinrichtung. In ...

Article

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 31 July 1863, in Rolle (Vaud); died 1948, in Lausanne.

Painter, engraver, decorative artist. Figure compositions, figures, portraits. Murals, designs for stained glass, furniture.

Art Nouveau.

Ernest Bieler was the uncle of André Charles Bieler. He studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris under Jules Lefebvre and Gustave Boulanger. He divided his time between the mountainous regions of the Valais and the shores of Lake Geneva; his body of work evokes the everyday life of the peasant communities in the Valais and the Canton of Vaud at the beginning of the twentieth century. Bieler was commissioned to paint compositions for the ceiling of the Victoria hall in Geneva; decorative panels and windows for the federal government building in Bern; stained glass windows for the Vevey church of St-Martin; and decorations for the vintners' festival. Additionally, he exhibited woodcut engravings and designed furniture....