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Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1948.

Born 19 October 1927, in Brussels.

Painter (mixed media), watercolourist, engraver, illustrator, draughtsman. Artists' books, wall decorations.

CoBrA group.

In 1944, Pierre Alechinsky was a pupil at the École d'Architecture et d'Arts in Brussels, interested in professions involving books, typography and engraving. He always retained this preoccupation for the printed word, and devoted a large part of his time to engraving, illustrating the books of poet friends and writing himself. In 1947, he travelled to Morocco and Yugoslavia. That same year he began to exhibit in Brussels and became a member of the group ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 19 February 1946, in Washington DC.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, engraver, photographer, video artist, glassmaker, decorative designer. Theatre design.

AfriCobra Group.

Akili Ron Anderson attended the Corcoran School of Art and Howard University in Washington DC where he lives and works. He is a member of AfriCobra (African Commune of Bad Relevant Artists) founded in ...

Article

Spanish, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1958.

Born 26 February 1937, in Madrid.

Painter (including mixed media), watercolourist, decorative designer, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman. Scenes with figures, figures, portraits. Stage sets.

Nouvelle Figuration, Figuration Narrative.

Eduardo Arroyo was educated at the Lycée Français in Madrid and then at the School of Journalism. At the age of 21, he left Franco's Spain for Paris, where he was to remain in exile for some 20 years. Although his original intention was to be a journalist rather than a painter, he saw painting as the most accessible and effective medium for his main aim, which was political militancy. He taught himself to paint, but this was made easier by the fact that it was not so much any possible aesthetic dimension to the work that interested him, but rather its immediate intelligibility and the power of the image. He brought together a mixture of techniques to create the effective image. Collage in its various forms was a constant feature of his style. In his early work, he often turned to what was then called 'Modification': that is, taking either a genuine picture from a second-hand shop, or a reproduction (as in the case of a work by Goya, Velázquez or Miró), and superimposing pictorial additions to alter the meaning, generally with the aim of being controversial and often humorous as well. He rapidly became a master of minimalist techniques, and soon began to exhibit at group shows. Some of these early shows were at the traditional exhibition centres, such as the Salon des Grands et Jeunes d'Aujourd'hui and the Salon de Mai. He was an influential member of the Salon de la Jeune Peinture, where he exhibited from 1960 onwards, and his exhibitions there between 1964 and 1969 (with Aillaud and Récalcati) triggered militant activity that led to a temporary change in the group's name....

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1896, in Liège; died 1995.

Painter, collage artist, watercolourist, illustrator, decorative designer, designer.

Futurism, Constructivism.

Groupe 7 Arts.

Baugniet attended the art academy in Brussels where he studied under the Belgian Symbolist painter Jean Delville. He married the dancer and painter Akarova (Marguerite Acarin). His early paintings were figurative, and he was then influenced by French Cubism and international Constructivism. In 1922, Baugniet became a member of the Belgian group ...

Article

Austrian, 20th century, male.

Active from 1920 active in Germany, and from 1946 in the USA.

Born 5 April 1900, in Haag (Lower Austria); died 15 August 1985, in Santa Barbara (California), USA.

Painter, collage artist, photomontage artist, designer, decorative designer, architect.

In 1919 Bayer studied under the architect Georg Schmidthammer in Linz, and in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 26 June 1909, in Dijon; died 6 December 1996, in Paris.

Painter, collage artist, engraver, draughtsman. Wall decorations, designs for mosaics, stained glass windows, tapestries, stage costumes and sets.

A pupil at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons in 1930, Bertholle studied in Paris from 1932-1934, and subsequently attended classes run by the painter Roger Bissière at the Académie Ranson, where he met his friends and associates Manessier, Etienne-Martin, Le Moal and Véra Pagava. He was artistic director of the Gien porcelain factory from 1943-1957, and taught at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1965-1980. He was a member of the Institut de France, a Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur and a Commander of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres. Initially an admirer of Puvis de Chavannes, whose work he had encountered at the city museum in Lyons, Bertholle later discovered Manet (at the Paris Exposition Universelle of 1932), and through the latter, Van Gogh and Renoir. Following his early, highly-coloured Expressionist period, Bertholle was greatly influenced by the Flemish fantasies of Breughel and Heironymus Bosch, and ultimately by the Surrealists - as may be seen in his painting of the ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 11 February 1881, in Quargnento (Alessandria); died 13 April 1966, in Milan.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, collage artist, engraver (including etching), lithographer, decorative designer, art theorist. Landscapes, landscapes with figures, urban landscapes, seascapes. Frescoes.

Futurism, Pittura Metafiscia (Metaphysical Painting), Novecento Italiano, Magic Realism...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1 January 1907, in Moligt, near Alep, of Armenian origin; died 12 August 2000, in Marsac-sur-l'Isle (Dordogne).

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), watercolourist, pastellist, collage artist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, decorative artist. Nudes, landscapes, landscapes with figures, still-lifes. Designs for tapestries, stage sets...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 6 November 1932, in Emporia (Kansas).

Assemblage artist, painter, furniture designer.

Wendell Castle studied at the University of Kansas, receiving a BFA in sculpture in 1958 and an MFA in industrial design in 1961. He has taught at the University of Kansas (...

Article

Catherine M. Grant

French performance and installation artist, painter, bookmaker, furniture and interior furnishings designer. Chaimowicz moved to England as a child, studying at Ealing College of Art (1963–5), Camberwell College of Art (1965–8) and the Slade School of Art (1968–70). Whilst completing his MA at the Slade, Chaimowicz decided to abandon painting, and started to make performance work, such as ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 31 January 1939, in Paris.

Painter, installation artist. Murals, wall decorations, designs for stained glass.

After studying at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière, the Académie Julian and Municipality of Paris evening courses, Jean Dessaigne worked on models of environmental management. His standard format painting often seems to make reference to Matisse's graphics on coloured backgrounds. In ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Active from 1950 active in France.

Born 15 November 1925, in Tompkinsville (Kentucky).

Painter (mixed media), watercolourist. Stage sets, decorative schemes.

Joseph Dudley Downing was a pupil at the Art Institute of Chicago from 1946 until 1950. As soon as he had completed his studies, he moved to Paris. Here he lives and works, dividing his time with Ménerbes in the South of France....

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1901.

Born 28 May 1881, in Moscow; died 13 October 1958, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), engraver, collage artist, decorative designer, illustrator. Designs for tapestries.

Serge Férat travelled extensively in his youth to England, France, Italy, and Germany. In 1901–1902, he settled, with his sister Baroness d’Oettingen, in Paris, where he took classes with William-Adolphe Bouguereau at the Académie Julian. He was also a pupil of Baschet and Schommer. Wealthy and ostentatious, the young Count was surrounded by poets and painters and often attended the night club ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 17 May 1947, in Paris.

Painter, collage artist, sculptor of assemblages, mixed media, potter.

Odile Frachet was originally a decorator of crockery and porcelain, and has taught in a number of different workshops. She creates ceramic panels and collages, in a solidly structured, naturalistic yet abstract style. She also made a fountain for the water treatment factory in Toulouse....

Article

Austrian, 20th century, male.

Born 1930, in Vienna.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator, sculptor, collage artist, decorative designer. Scenes with figures, figures. Stage sets.

Groups: Hundsgruppe (Dog’s group), Phantastischer Realismus group.

Ernst Fuchs enrolled at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Vienna in 1945. From 1946 to 1950, he was a pupil of Gütersloh, whom Salvador Dalí considered the most important painter of his time (after himself). In around 1950, he was one of the founders of the Viennese ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Marcilly-sur-Eure from 1984.

Born 10 March 1946, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), installation artist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Mythological subjects, religious subjects, figure compositions, genre scenes, portraits, nudes, landscapes, still-lifes. Wall decorations, stage sets.

Nouvelle Figuration.

Gérard Garouste was mostly self-taught. He went to the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris for a brief period in ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Painter, decorative artist, installation artist, performance artist. Multimedia.

Hibino Katsuhito graduated from the design division of the fine arts department of Tokyo University of Fine Arts and Music in 1982. He takes part in group exhibitions. He took part in the Sixth Sydney Biennial, and exhibited his work in a one-man show at Hajuku, Japan, in ...

Article

Ukrainian, 20th century, male.

Active from 1924 and from 1928 naturalised in France.

Born 15 February 1898, in Odessa; died 13 July 1978.

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), watercolourist, decorative designer, illustrator.

Philippe Hosiasson was introduced to painting early on by his uncle Leonid Pasternak. He was in Rome in 1920 studying the history of art and in 1921 he was working in Berlin for Boris Romanov's Ballets Romantiques Russes. He travelled with the company to Paris in 1924 and while there carried out a number of decorative projects for, among other things, the Printemps stores. He also designed the decorations of the Martinique pavilion at the Exposition Universelle in Paris. He was wounded at Dunkirk in 1939. After the war he illustrated Aragon's ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1955, in Kenosha (Wisconsin).

Installation artist. Furniture.

Jim Isermann lives and works in Palm Springs, California. In his furniture pieces and wall coverings he attempts to broach the middle ground between high art and design. In 1950s America, industrial designers sought to imbue utilitarian objects with utopian ideals borrowed from the visual arts. In turn, artists with Pop, Op Art or Minimalist agendas looked to domestic products for inspiration, recognising their role as mass-produced icons of a new found capitalist optimism. This dialogue between ornamentation, materiality and iconography provides the basis for Isermann's work. In ...

Article

Polish, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1925.

Born 27 June 1921, in Warsaw.

Painter (gouache/mixed media), sculptor, engraver, illustrator, decorative artist. Designs for tapestries, designs for mosaics.

Ladislas Kijno made his first pictorial experiments while studying philosophy at the University of Lille between 1941 and 1945. In 1950 he founded the ...