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Article

French, 16th century, male.

Active in Normandy at the beginning of the 16th century.

Sculptor, designer of ornamental architectural features.

Gaillon School.

In 1507 Adrian du Trait produced various pieces of furniture for the Château de Gaillon, which belonged to the cardinal of Amboise.

Article

Alessandra Frabetti

Italian architect, engineer and designer. He was the son of Vincenzo Aleotti (not Francesco Aleotti, as is sometimes erroneously stated), from whom Giovanni Battista claimed he ‘learnt the art … as much as from all the other teachers I had’ (letter, 1583; see Coffin, p. 121). In ...

Article

Spanish, 16th century, male.

Born in Triana.

Painter, fresco artist. Religious subjects.

Antonio Arfián worked in Seville. He started out as a commercial artist and sold his works abroad, mainly to Spanish America. In 1550 he joined the studio of Vargas, who had recently returned from Italy, and worked hard at changing his style, taking advice from Vargas; his efforts were soon rewarded. Among his works is a panel for the high altar of Seville Cathedral (...

Article

French, 16th century, male.

Active in Lorraine.

Sculptor (wood).

Jacques Barat worked in 1577 for the Duchess of Brunswick, providing her with pieces of carved furniture.

Article

Gordon Campbell

Italian intarsia designer, civil engineer, architect and engraver, was a native of Siena. From 1483 to 1502 he worked in Siena Cathedral, providing carving and intarsia for the choir-stalls in the chapel of San Giovanni (1483–1502; seven panels survive in La Collegiata in San Quirico d’Orcia and one in the Kunstgewerbemuseum in Vienna) and building the benches for the Piccolomini library (...

Article

Paul Huvenne

South Netherlandish painter, draughtsman, designer, architect, civil engineer, cartographer and engraver. He is said to have trained as a bricklayer, and the trowel he used to add as his housemark next to his monogram lab testifies to this and to his pretensions as an architectural designer. In ...

Article

Alice Dugdale

Italian architect, engineer, designer, painter and inventor. He was one of the great Renaissance polymaths and was not only admired but also liked by his contemporaries. A friend of princes, he spent most of his life at the Tuscan court, but his influence stretched throughout Europe....

Article

French, 16th century, male.

Sculptor (wood), joiner. Furniture.

Fontainebleau School.

Jacques Lardant was a master carpenter, and produced woodwork for the Château de Fontainebleau in 1537, working with Michel Bourdin. They later took part in the decoration of the châteaux of Boulogne, St-Germain-en-Laye and Villers-Cotteret....

Article

Italian painter, designer and engineer. A pupil of Sebastiano del Piombo, he spent his formative years in Bologna in the circle of Ignazio Danti. He was working there between 1563, if not earlier, and 1582, though he was recorded as working in 1579 for Alfonso II d’Este, Duke of Ferrara. He was closely involved in redesigning the Piazza Nettuno in Bologna, providing the designs and the hydraulic engineering for fountains, one of which—the Fountain of Neptune (...

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Sculptor.

Franciscus M. Piera is best remembered as a prolific furniture-maker.

Article

Flemish School, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1500; died 9 November 1565, in Madrid.

Painter.

Also a mathematician and watchmaker, Resen was a painter at the Spanish court of Philip II from 1562 until his return to Flanders in 1579.

Article

Jacques Thirion

French wood-carver, designer, architect and engineer. The son of the wood-carver Mammès Sambin, he is mentioned in 1544 in the woodworking accounts relating to the building of the château of Fontainebleau. His involvement in this project explains the strong Mannerist influence in all his work. He is recorded in Dijon in ...

Article

Spanish, 16th century, male.

Born 1500 (?), in Cremona; died 13 June 1585, in Toledo.

Sculptor, engraver (stone).

Turriano settled in Spain in 1534, after having accompanied Charles V there. He was painter to Philip II, an architect, watchmaker and silversmith.

Article

Martin Kemp

Italian painter, sculptor, architect, designer, theorist, engineer and scientist. He was the founding father of what is called the High Renaissance style and exercised an enormous influence on contemporary and later artists. His writings on art helped establish the ideals of representation and expression that were to dominate European academies for the next 400 years. The standards he set in figure draughtsmanship, handling of space, depiction of light and shade, representation of landscape, evocation of character and techniques of narrative radically transformed the range of art. A number of his inventions in architecture and in various fields of decoration entered the general currency of 16th-century design....