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Ingeborg Wikborg

Norwegian sculptor, designer and medallist. He became familiar with handicraft in his father’s furniture workshop. In 1954 he began five years’ study as a commercial artist at the Håndverks- og Kunstindustriskole in Oslo and from 1957 to 1963 he worked as an illustrator for a newspaper. He studied at the Kunstakademi in Oslo from ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1868, in Hamburg; died 27 February 1940, in Berlin.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, architect, designer, decorative artist, graphic designer. Posters, furniture, wallpaper, carpets, glassware, ceramics, table services, jewellery, silverwork, objets d'art, typefaces.

Jugendstil, functional school.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven), Deutscher Werkbund...

Article

He was educated at Winchester and Oxford, and in 1877 he was articled to the architect Basil Champneys. Encouraged by William Morris, in 1880 Benson set up his own workshop in Hammersmith specializing in metalwork. Two years later he established a foundry at Chiswick, a showroom in Kensington and a new factory at Hammersmith (all in London), equipped with machinery to mass-produce a wide range of forms, such as kettles, vases, tables, dishes and firescreens. Benson’s elegant and spare designs were admired for their modernity and minimal use of ornament. He is best known for his lamps and lighting fixtures, mostly in copper and bronze, which are fitted with flat reflective surfaces (e.g. ...

Article

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Germany.

Born 31 December 1849, in St Gall; died 1921, in Planegg.

Architect, painter, decorative designer, theorist. Designs (furniture/fabrics/metal objects/ceramics).

Jugendstil.

From 1868 to 1871 Hans Eduard von Berlepsch-Valendas was a student of architecture with Gottfried Sempers in Zurich. After graduating he abandoned architecture while he was living in Frankfurt, to go and train as a painter in Munich (...

Article

Hans Frei

Swiss architect, sculptor, painter, industrial designer, graphic designer and writer. He attended silversmithing classes at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Zurich from 1924 to 1927. Then, inspired by the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes (1925), Paris, by the works of Le Corbusier and by a competition entry (...

Article

Margot Gayle and Carol Gayle

American inventor, engineer, designer and manufacturer. He trained as a watchmaker’s apprentice in Catskill, NY, worked as an engraver in Savannah, GA and again in Catskill. About 1830 he moved to New York City to promote his inventions. He secured many patents for various devices, including clocks, an eversharp pencil, a dry gas meter and a meter for measuring fluids...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 24 December 1880, in Paris; died 1960.

Ironworker, decorative designer. Furniture.

Edgar William Brandt exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français where he was placed hors-concours. He became a jury member in 1908. He was also a member of the jury of the Salon d'Automne and the Salon des Artistes Décorateurs. He was awarded a medal of honour by the Société des Artistes Français in ...

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1946, in Gelnhausen.

Sculptor. Monuments.

Claus Bury trained as a goldsmith from 1962 to 1965, and attended Pforzheim college of industrial art and design from 1965 to 1969. He completed his training in London in 1969-1970. In 1971 he became a visiting teacher in several towns in Germany, the UK, Israel and the USA, and in ...

Article

Danish, 20th century, male.

Active from 1917 active in France.

Born 30 August 1891, on Christianso.

Goldsmith. Furniture, religious furnishings, designs (in gold and silver).

Fjerdingstad went to fight for France in 1914, but he was seriously wounded in May 1915, and discharged. As a goldsmith, he set up his workshop in the Paris area at the end of World War I, and made his mark on jewellery and secular as well as sacred art. He was an adviser to the Maison Christofle, and a member, in Paris, of the Salon d'Automne. He took part in the Exposition des Arts Décoratifs of ...

Article

Swiss, 19th century, male.

Born 30 April 1868, in Basel.

Sculptor, metal worker.

Frei was a pupil at the school of industrial arts under Jos. Hollubetz in Basel, and studied in Vienna, Berlin, Cologne, Geneva and Paris. He gained a bronze medal at the Exposition Universelle in Paris in ...

Article

Italian, 19th century, male.

Born c. 1830, in Rome.

Sculptor, engraver (stone), medallist.

Augusto Girardet studied at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Rome, and in 1886 was awarded a medal at the exhibition of industrial arts in Rome for a medallion depicting the Italian royal family. He settled in Rio de Janeiro in ...

Article

Gordon Campbell

American jewellers and silversmiths founded in Philadelphia in 1839, when James Emott Caldwell, a watchmaker from Poughkeepsie, opened a workshop and retail outlet on Chestnut Street. The company’s fourth Chestnut Street shop was the Widener Building, which it occupied for 87 years until it closed in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 28 October 1908, in Roubaix.

Sculptor, medallist.

Albert de Jaeger first studied at the École des Arts et Métiers in Roubaix, and patented inventions in domains as varied as electronics, foundry work, furniture and construction. Nevertheless, he also learned sculpture at the École des Beaux-Arts in Tourcoing, and at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, in the studio of Despiau. In Paris, he exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français, the Salon d'Automne and the Salon des Artistes Indépendants. In ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1874, in Neustadt bei Leipzig; died 1947, in Erbach/Westerwald.

Painter, draughtsman, interior designer, graphic designer. Designs (furniture, fabrics, porcelain, precious metals, jewels).

Jugendstil.

Erich Kleinhempel first trained with Oskar Haebler in his graphics studio in Dresden, then entered the Kunstgewerbeschule in Dresden, where he studied ...

Article

Sarah Yates

English silversmith and industrial designer. He trained as a silversmith at Sheffield College of Art (1946–8) and the Royal College of Art (1950–54). In 1954 he established a silversmithing workshop and studio in Sheffield and became a design consultant to the firm of ...

Article

Latvian, 20th century, male.

Active in Germany.

Born 29 October 1875, in Litau (now Jelgava).

Sculptor, medallist.

Carl Melville studied in Berlin, Kassel and Brussels and taught at the school of industrial arts in Erfurt. He lived and worked in Erfurt.

Erfurt: Dancing Bear

Article

Alan Powers

Stylistic term applied to the revival in the UK in the late 19th century and the 20th of the classical Georgian style of domestic architecture and interior and furniture design from the period 1714–1830. Similar, contemporary revivals of late 18th- and early 19th-century Georgian colonial styles also took place in such countries as the USA and Australia (...

Article

Susan T. Goodman

Israeli painter. For over 70 years he worked as a watchmaker as well as a scribe, silversmith and stonemason in Safed, an important centre of Jewish mysticism. After his watch-repair shop was destroyed in the War of Independence (1948), he earned a living by selling plywood toys coloured with crayon. In the mid-1950s Yosl Bergner, who recognized in these charming works the essential qualities of folk art, encouraged Shalom to paint. Shalom’s artistic vocabulary grew out of the rich traditions of his Hasidic heritage. The mystical literature of Safed and the deep impression made by the landscape of Israel contributed to his spiritual and visual development, while his work also reveals a deep affinity and commitment to the Scriptures, although he did much more than merely illustrate the scriptural narrative, as in ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 3 February 1876, in Munich; died 21 February 1935, in Munich.

Sculptor, worker in precious metals.

Fritz Schmidt was a pupil at the school of industrial arts in Munich, where he later became a professor.

Article

English ceramic and metalwork designer. He trained in stone- and wood-carving at the Kendal School of Art, then studied metalwork at the Keswick School of Industrial Art, where he later taught. In 1899 he left Keswick to study in the metalwork department of the Liverpool School of Art under ...