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John F. Pile

American architect, industrial designer and museum curator of Argentine birth. He received a Master of Fine Arts degree in architecture from Princeton University, NJ, and then taught at Princeton, at Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh and at the Hochschule für Gestaltung in Ulm, Germany. From ...

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Kathleen James-Chakraborty

After the closure in 1933 of the Bauhaus in Berlin, its staff and students dispersed. Many found their way to the USA, where they became highly influential teachers as well as artists and architects. The pedagogical methods developed at the school, particularly in the preliminary course, became commonplace in all levels of art education, as the former centrality in America of life drawing to instruction in the visual arts was now challenged by experimentation with abstract principles of composition and the qualities of individual materials....

Article

Monica Bohm-Duchen

American painter, designer, photographer and typographer, of Austrian birth. After serving in the Austrian army (1917–18), Bayer studied architecture under Professor Schmidthammer in Linz in 1919 and in 1920 worked with the architect Emanuel Margold in Darmstadt. From 1921 to 1923 he attended the ...

Article

Arthur J. Pulos

American designer and writer. He studied at the Cleveland School of Art, OH, and the Art Institute of Chicago, and by 1914 he had established a reputation as an illustrator, making portraits of operatic luminaries for the New York Times. After producing plays in Los Angeles (...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 6 December 1939, in Chicago.

Painter (mixed media), sculptor, designer (furniture).

Finish Fetish, Light and Space.

Larry Bell grew up in San Fernando Valley. In 1957 he joined the Chouinard Art Institute in Los Angeles with the intention of becoming a draughtsman at Disney. However, inspired by the teaching of Robert Irwin and his peers, he resolved to become a painter and left the school before graduating in ...

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Paulo J. V. Bruna

Brazilian architect and industrial designer. He graduated as an architect in 1948 at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, where he subsequently taught architectural composition. He went into private practice in Rio de Janeiro in 1948, and his early residential work was in the elegant, rationalist style of modernism then dominant in Rio. Examples include the M. G. Brandi house (...

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Hugh Davies

American sculptor and furniture designer of Italian birth. After settling in the USA in 1930, he studied at the Society of Arts and Crafts, Detroit (1936), and the Cranbrook Academy of Art in Bloomfield Hills, MI (1937–9), where he taught metalworking and produced abstract silver jewellery and colour monoprints. In ...

Article

Margot Gayle and Carol Gayle

American inventor, engineer, designer and manufacturer. He trained as a watchmaker’s apprentice in Catskill, NY, worked as an engraver in Savannah, GA and again in Catskill. About 1830 he moved to New York City to promote his inventions. He secured many patents for various devices, including clocks, an eversharp pencil, a dry gas meter and a meter for measuring fluids...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1904.

Draughtsman, designer.

Hin Bredendieck was an industrial designer and lived and worked in Atlanta. He studied in Stuttgart and Hamburg and was a student at the Bauhaus between 1927 and 1930. From 1937 to 1945, he was director of the foundation course at the New Bauhaus in Chicago....

Article

Anna Rowland

American furniture designer and architect of Hungarian birth. In 1920 he took up a scholarship at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste, Vienna, but he left almost immediately to find a job in an architect’s office. A few weeks later he enrolled at the Bauhaus at Weimar on the recommendation of the Hungarian architect Fred Forbat (...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1905, in Rosindale (Massachusetts); died 1999.

Furniture decorator and painter. Nature studies, still-lifes, pastoral scenes.

Martha Cahoon was the daughter of Swedish immigrants who had settled in Massachusetts. Her father was a furniture decorator who had learnt his trade in Sweden and is known to have worked for some of the best-known furniture decoration firms in Boston. Martha learned furniture decoration from her father, specialising in the technique of rosemailing. She married the artist Ralph Cahoon in ...

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Born 1898, in Toronto; died 1992.

Painter, watercolourist. Landscapes. Linocuts.

Group of Seven.

A. J. Casson grew up in Guelph and Hamilton, and began to take art lessons and work as a freelance commercial designer when his family moved to Toronto. At the age of 21, he began to work as a designer for Rous and Mann, under the supervision of artist Franklin Carmichael. Carmichael, a member of the ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 6 November 1932, in Emporia (Kansas).

Assemblage artist, painter, furniture designer.

Wendell Castle studied at the University of Kansas, receiving a BFA in sculpture in 1958 and an MFA in industrial design in 1961. He has taught at the University of Kansas (...

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Gordon Campbell

American furniture designer. He normally worked in wood (sometimes exotic wood), but has also made furniture in plastic and fibreglass; his finest work reflects his mastery of laminated wood. Castle’s decorative furniture is strongly sculptural; his designs are markedly individualistic, but nonetheless evince debts to the traditions of Art Nouveau and the Arts and Crafts Movement. His best-known designs are the Molar chair and loveseat designed for Stendig in ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 6 November 1856, in Pennsylvania; died 1931.

Painter. Genre scenes, figures.

Jefferson David Chalfant was a pupil of Bourgereau, Robert-Fleury and Lefebvre in Paris. He exhibited The Old Watchmaker at the National Academy of Design of New York in 1898...

Article

Sherban Cantacuzino

English architect and designer of Canadian descent. The son of Canadian missionaries, he studied engineering at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, and moved to London as a student in 1922. He became a journalist, frequented artistic circles and by 1927 had begun to design. Most of his executed designs date from the 1930s, the era of the ...

Article

Kirk Marlow

Canadian painter, draughtsman, teacher, museum director and writer of Scottish birth. In 1912 he emigrated to Winnipeg, where he was apprenticed in the commercial art studio of Fred Brigden (1871–1956). He also attended the Winnipeg School of Art (1916–18) and continued to work at Brigden’s until ...

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Born 1920, in Granby (Quebec); died 2001.

Painter, sculptor.

Charles Daudelin studied woodcarving at the Furniture School in Canada under Borduas. He then studied under F. Léger in New York, under Laurens, then under Léger again in Paris. From 1964 to ...

Article

Margaret Barlow

American interior and industrial designer. Deskey gained a degree in architecture and studied painting before working in advertising. From 1922 to 1924 he was head of the art department at Juniata College, Huntingdon, PA. In 1921 and 1925 he made trips to Paris, where he attended the Ecole de la Grande Chaumière and the Académie Colarossi, before returning to New York in ...

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Born 1919, in Montreal.

Sculptor.

Roland Dinel learned cabinet-making, industrial design and theatre decoration before tackling and later devoting himself to sculpture. He has taught for several decades at the University of Quebec, and is involved in organised and subsidised sculpture throughout Quebec. In ...