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Article

Bam  

Abbas Daneshvari

Town in the province of Kirman, southern Iran, on an important route skirting the southern fringes of the Dasht-i Lut Desert. The old walled city was founded in the Sasanian period (ad 224–632) and flourished until the 18th century; its ruins stand 0.5 km east of the present town of Bam, founded in ...

Article

Dutch, 17th century, male.

Born 1583, in Brussels; died 1660, in Frankfurt am Main.

Painter, engraver, archaeologist.

Frankenthal School.

Hendrik van der Borcht the Elder left his native country with his parents in 1586, because of war, and went to Germany, where he was the pupil of Gillis von Valkenburg. According to other biographers, he was the pupil of the elderly Martin von Valkenburg, in Frankfurt. Later he went to Italy, where he devoted himself to archaeology. He lived until 1627 in Frankenthal, and thereafter in Frankfurt am Main. He had also been to England. The engravings for which he is remembered include: ...

Article

Delia Kottmann

Italian village in Lazio, north of Rome, known for its church. The church of SS Anastasius and Nonnosus is all that remains of the 6th-century Benedictine monastery, which submitted to Cluny in ad 940. Apart from some re-used fragments, the architecture is Romanesque, with a ...

Article

R. Nagaswamy

Temple site in Tamil Nadu, India, sacred to Shiva in his form as Nataraja, the Cosmic Dancer. The Nataraja temple occupies an area of about 16 ha and consists of a complex series of walled enclosures containing shrines, halls and gateways built between the 12th and 20th centuries. The temple’s origin is ascribed to the sages Vyagrapada and Patanjali, and it has become associated with Appar and other southern saints. The ...

Article

Luca Leoncini

. Italian scholar, archaeologist and antique collector. His studies and his major writings were devoted to ancient art, and were closely linked with the objects he collected throughout his life. These formed an important collection which earned him great fame, but which was dispersed after his death. It contained small objects and rarities including mirrors, graffiti, lead seals, coins, cameos, lockets and tesserae. The most important piece was undoubtedly the famous ...

Article

Gotland  

Axel Bolvig

Largest island in the Baltic Sea and a province and municipality of Sweden that also includes Fårö, Gotska Sandön and Karlsö islands. The history and economic importance of Gotland is connected to its central position in the Baltic Sea. Culturally it has been compared with Rhodes, Crete and Sicily. Archaeological evidence dating from as early as the 1st millennium ...

Article

Italian, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born c. 1560, in Bologna; died 7 January 1623, in Rome.

Priest, archaeologist, draughtsman.

Appointed notary to the Pope and archivist of St Peter's in 1581, Jacopo Grimaldi wrote documents that have never been published in which he described the restoration, destruction or relocation of the art works of Christian Rome. These writings were decorated with pen drawings that were mainly his own work. The first document is dated ...

Article

Ye. V. Zeymal’

Site in Tajikistan, 25 km west of Dushanbe above the confluence of the Khanaka River and the Kafirnigan River. The pisé walls of the fortress, arched gateways and flanking towers of fired brick, two madrasas and the nearby mosque date from the 16th–19th century, when the fortress was the residence of the Hissar bek. Excavations (...

Article

Spanish, 17th century, male.

Active in Sevillec.1669.

Painter, archaeologist.

Juan de Loaysa y Giron was one of the founders of the Seville academy. He was canon at Seville Cathedral and a painter of considerable taste.

Article

Torbjörn Fulton

Swedish scientist, architect, engineer, historian and archaeologist. He achieved fame as a young man for his treatise on the lymphatic system and later for his botanical research and illustrations. Together with his son, Olof Rudbeck jr, he planned and partly finished a vast series of botanical plates (...

Article

Swedish philologist, archaeologist, amateur draughtsman, engraver and miniature painter, of Alsatian birth. In 1647 he was appointed professor at Uppsala University, where he undertook important archaeological research and translations of classical texts, some of which were illustrated with woodcuts after his designs. His Upsalia (...