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Article

José Miguel Rojas

Costa Rican engraver, painter, illustrator, draughtsman, writer and critic. He studied for a year from 1931 at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes but was otherwise initially self-taught, using Louis Gonse’s L’Art japonais (Paris, 1883) as a source. He produced a series of caricature drawings, influenced by Cubism, in the ...

Article

Hana Larvová

Czech draughtsman, painter and printmaker. From 1955 to 1961 he studied painting and graphic art at the Academy of Fine Arts in Prague. From 1961 to 1968 he worked at the Black Theatre of Jiří Srnec, a centre of the Prague avant-garde. He was assistant to Professors Jiří Trnka and Zdeněk Sklenář at the Faculty of Applied Art in Prague from ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1868, in Hamburg; died 27 February 1940, in Berlin.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, architect, designer, decorative artist, graphic designer. Posters, furniture, wallpaper, carpets, glassware, ceramics, table services, jewellery, silverwork, objets d'art, typefaces.

Jugendstil, functional school.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven), Deutscher Werkbund...

Article

He was taught by his father, the sculptor and painter Josef Bergler the elder (1718–88), and, during his stay in Italy, by Martin Knoller in Milan and Anton von Maron in Rome. An accomplished portrait painter, he was employed as official painter by bishops and cardinals at Passau and painted a number of altarpieces in Austria and especially in Bohemia. He helped establish the ...

Article

Clare A. P. Willsdon

English painter and graphic artist. Largely self-taught, he helped his father, William Brangwyn, who was an ecclesiastical architect and textile designer in Bruges. After his family moved to England in 1875 Brangwyn entered the South Kensington Art Schools and from 1882 to 1884 worked for ...

Article

Céelle  

French, 20th century, female.

Born 25 August 1929, in Paris.

Painter, engraver, draughtswoman (including ink), watercolourist, graphic designer. Scenes with figures, landscapes, urban landscapes, architectural views, seascapes, boats, still-lifes, cats, flowers. Wall decorations, designs for tapestries.

Céelle studied at the École des Arts Décoratifs and the École Estienne in Paris. She worked in advertising as a graphic artist. Her work as a graphic artist is evident in her acuity of line, and the rigour of her composition. She generally paints in greys and browns, although she has occasionally surprised with her subtle colours, especially in the years ...

Article

Paul Nicholls

Italian painter, printmaker, illustrator and architect. Although he was the nephew of the painter Mauro Conconi (1815–60), he studied architecture at the Accademia di Brera and the Scuola Politecnica in Milan. His pictorially imaginative approach reflected the artistic ideals of the contemporary Italian writer Giuseppe Rovani. Despite having failed in his first competition, Conconi embarked in ...

Article

Israeli, 20th century, male.

Active from 1948 active in Israel.

Born 16 December 1908, in Bucharest.

Painter, engraver, poster artist, graphic designer, decorative designer. Designs for tapestries, and stained glass windows.

He was an architecture student at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, where he later studied painting at the Scandinavian Academy and at the Académie Julian ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1879, in Northampton; died 1941.

Painter, lithographer, poster artist, architect.

Henry George Gawthorne studied at the Regent Street Polytechnic and Heatherley's School of Art in London. He would always include an image of himself in his works, often wearing a monocle or holding a walking stick....

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1962, in Tenterden, Kent.

Painter, printmaker, graphic artist. Figures, architecture.

Young British Artists.

Gary Hume studied at the Liverpool Polytechnic from 1985 to 1986, and at Goldsmiths College in London from 1986 to 1988. He was among a group of Goldsmith's graduates that featured in a show curated by fellow student Damien Hirst in ...

Article

M. N. Sokolov

Russian painter and graphic artist. He studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture (1878–82 and 1884–5) under Illarion Pryanishnikov and others. He was a member of the Wanderers from 1899 and of the Union of Russian Artists, of which he was one of the founders. Ivanov became dissatisfied with the traditional Wanderers-style realism of the late 19th century and early 20th and with the painting of genre scenes—‘nice little scenes’, as he called them—and he aspired to a strongly dramatic expressive art, in which ‘the heartbeat of the human soul’ could be felt. His series of pictures of migrants, capturing the tragedies of peasant life (e.g. ...

Article

Fridolf Johnson

American painter, printmaker, illustrator, writer, and sailor. He first studied architecture but turned to painting, studying in New York at the schools of William Merritt Chase and of Robert Henri. In his realistic landscapes, the most famous of which related to his long sojourns in such remote and rugged places as Alaska, Tierra del Fuego, and Greenland (e.g. ...

Article

John Milner

Russian draughtsman, architect, printmaker, painter, illustrator, designer, photographer, teacher, and theorist.

After attending school in Smolensk, he enrolled in 1909 at the Technische Hochschule, Darmstadt, to study architecture and engineering. He also travelled extensively in Europe, however, and he made a tour of Italy to study art and architecture. He frequently made drawings of the architectural monuments he encountered on his travels. These early graphic works were executed in a restrained, decorative style reminiscent of Russian Art Nouveau book illustration. His drawings of Vitebsk and Smolensk (...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1890 , in Polschinock, in the Smolensk region; died 1941 , in Schodnia, near Moscow.

Architect, painter, sculptor, draughtsman, graphic designer, typographer, poster artist, illustrator, lithographer, photomontage artist, photographer, writer, collage artist. Stage sets.

Constructivism, Suprematism.

Obshchestvo Khudoznikov 4 Iskusstva (Four Arts Society), Vkhutemas...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Active in USA, naturalised in 1906.

Born 1892, in Ludvinovka (Ukraine); died 1973, in South Orange (New Jersey).

Painter, lithographer, graphic artist. Urban cityscapes, architecture, figures.

Precisionism.

Louis Lozowick attended the Kiev art school in Ukraine, before emigrating to the USA in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 5 December 1926.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, illustrator, poster artist, draughtsman, graphic designer. Figures, nudes, portraits, landscapes, seascapes, architectural views.

Serge Michel Henry Markö is of Hungarian descent. In Paris he attended the École des Arts Appliqués, the Académie Frochot, the Académie de la Grande Chaumière and the free classes at the École des Beaux-Arts. He has taken part in numerous collective exhibitions: in Paris, at the Salon of the Société des Artistes Français in ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 16 May 1872, in Münster; died 5 April 1943, in Baierbrunn (Upper Bavaria), in Munich according to other sources.

Architect, painter, draughtsman, illustrator, engraver, sculptor, interior designer, graphic designer. Portraits, landscapes with figures, landscapes, portraits. Stage sets, designs (furniture).

Jugendstil, Art Deco...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 30 March 1866, in St Andrews; died 1941, in London.

Painter (including gouache), engraver, illustrator, poster artist. Figures, portraits, genre scenes, interiors, architectural views. Theatre decoration, stage sets.

James Ferrier Pryde studied at the Royal Scottish Academy, and later at the Académie Julian, Paris, under Bouguereau. He was a member of the International Society of Sculptors, Painters and Gravers. Having been an actor, he also designed posters for Henry Irving. He collaborated with his brother-in-law, Sir William Nicholson, under the name of the ...

Article

Jean de Cayeux

French painter, draughtsman, etcher and landscape designer. He was one of the most prolific and engaging landscape painters in 18th-century France. He specialized in architectural scenes in which topographical elements derived from the buildings and monuments of ancient and modern Italy and of France are combined in often fantastic settings or fictitious juxtapositions. The fluid touch and rich impasto employed in his paintings, also shared by his friend Jean-Honoré Fragonard, are matched by the freedom of his numerous red chalk drawings and the few etchings that he is known to have produced....

Article

Elizabeth Clegg

German draughtsman, illustrator, printmaker, decorative artist, painter, sculptor and architect. He was noted for his treatment of erotic and comic aspects of mythological themes. He drew eagerly as a child, soon becoming a gifted caricaturist. From 1878 to 1881 he attended the Kunstgewerbeschule in Munich, where he received particular encouragement from ...