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Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1927, in Takaoka, Toyama Prefecture; died 2001.

Print artist (woodblock).

Kazumi Amano graduated from Takaoka High School of Industrial Art in 1945. In 1950 he studied with Shiko Murakata, a renowned graphic arts master in Japan. After 1968 Amano visited the United States on several occasions and moved there to teach, then settled in New York in ...

Article

Alan Powers

English illustrator and author. From 1905 he grew up in England, becoming a professional artist in 1926 after part-time study at the Westminster School of Art, London. He became known as an illustrator of genre scenes in a variety of media, often with a comic Victorian flavour. He was best known for illustrated stories, the first of which, ...

Article

Hiroshi Kashiwagi

Japanese graphic designer . He graduated from Hosei University (Tokyo). In 1955 he received an award from the Japan Advertising Artists Club for his poster Give back the Sea, establishing himself as a socially committed designer. He was initially influenced by the American designer Ben Shahn...

Article

Mark H. Sandler

Japanese painter, book illustrator and art educator. Born the fourth son of Yasuda Shirobei, a Kyoto moneylender, the young Bairei was adopted into the Kōno family. In 1852 he began his artistic training under the Maruyama-school painter, Nakajima Raishō (1796–1871). After Raishō’s death, Bairei studied with the Shijō-school master ...

Article

Stephen Addiss

Japanese painter, poet, calligrapher and book illustrator. The son of an Edo merchant, he studied calligraphy from a very early age under the noted Chinese-style calligrapher Mitsui Shinna (1700–82). He also received a Confucian education, unusual at that time for a merchant’s son. From about ...

Article

Tadashi Kobayashi

Japanese print designer and book illustrator . He may have been a pupil of the ukiyoe (‘pictures of the floating world’) artist Ishikawa Yukimoto. He is principally known for prints of the following types: hosōban (‘narrow format’, c. 320×150 mm); yakushae (‘pictures of actors’) and bijinga...

Article

Chinese, 10th – 11th century, male.

Activec.990-1030.

Born towards the middle of the 10th century, in Huayuan, now Yaoxian (Shanxi).

Painter. Landscapes.

Fan Kuan’s biographical details are not well known. He was a landscape painter from northern China. It appears that he did not hold any official position and, after a peripatetic youth, he retreated into the mountain range of Mount Hua to devote himself to Daoism and the contemplation of nature. His work conveys the austere grandeur of the Shanxi mountains. Indeed, it represents the apogee of Chinese landscape painting and is among the most sublime in its entire history....

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Draughtsman, poster artist, graphic designer, sculptor.

Op Art.

Fukuda Shigeo is an international figure. He exhibits frequently, receiving numerous awards. He first exhibited in France in 1992, at the Quimper Contemporary Art Centre, and later at the Echirolles Mois du gra­phisme exhibition. Working in the tradition of Escher, he has become a master of illu­sionism. Drawings and objects can immediately be seen in two ways, familiar and disturbing, even absurd or impossible. His outlines, his even style of drawing, his flat colours all contribute to this visual tension....

Article

Hiroshi Kashiwagi

Japanese graphic designer. He graduated from the Tokyo Prefectural School of Technology in 1921 and taught there from 1922 to 1941. During this period he was exposed to the work of overseas avant-garde artists László Moholy-Nagy, Herbert Bayer and El Lissitzky. He also established links with ...

Article

Tadashi Kobayashi

Japanese printmaker, book illustrator and painter. A central figure in the development of ukiyoe (‘pictures of the floating world’) woodblock printmaking during the mid-Edo (1600–1868) period (see Japan, §X, 3, (iii)), Harunobu’s most important contribution was the introduction of the first ...

Article

Masato Naitō

Japanese printmaker and book illustrator. He initially studied painting with Kanō Yōsen (1735–1808), the head of the Kobikichō branch of the Kanō school and okaeshi (official painter) to the Tokugawa shogunate. Together with Teisai Hokuba (1771–1844), Hokkei was one of Katsushika Hokusai...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1944, in Niigata Prefecture.

Painter.

Mono-ha (school of things); Conceptual Art.

Honda Shingo specialises in conceptual art and photographic collage. After interrupting his studies at Tokyo University of Fine Arts and Music in mid-programme, he had his first solo shows in Tokyo in ...

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1942, in Jiangyin (Jiangsu).

Painter. Landscapes.

Huan Shiqing trained in his native province at the Wuxi Calligraphic Arts Institute. He took part in the 1980 exhibition Traditional Painters of the People’s Republic of China ( Peintres Traditionnels de la République Populaire de Chine...

Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in the USA from 1972.

Born 1941, in Hunan.

Painter. Scenes with figures.

At the start of his career, Dennis Hwang used graphic techniques such as those used in batik in a so-called Abstract Surrealist style. He also wrote a book entitled ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Painter.

Ichigooka Noriyoshi is influenced by both traditional Japanese painting and Abstract Expressionism. He creates vast calligraphic works playing on the transparency of his colours, where his gold and black respond to his red, turquoise or green. Perfectly mastered, the paint liberally covers the canvas. He showed work in a solo exhibition at the Orangerie de Bagatelle in Paris in ...

Article

Japanese, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1947.

Painter, graphic artist.

Isono is best known as a poster artist. His work often combines landscape elements with abstract geometric forms. He has exhibited internationally since the 1970s, including the exhibition Japanese Art Today at the museum of contemporary art in Montreal....

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1877, in Shanyu (Zhejiang); died 1938.

Painter.

Jing Hengyi was a prominent educationalist during the Nationalist era. His most important work was Collected Works of Inscriptions, Poems, Calligraphic Works and Paintings.

Article

Josetsu  

Karen L. Brock

Japanese painter and Zen monk. Contemporary biographical information about Josetsu is limited to two references. A brief entry dated 1448 in the diary of the Onryōken, a subtemple of Shōkokuji in Kyoto, mentions that in around 1416 Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimochi consulted with Josetsu about going to the island of Shikoku in search of stone for the carving of a stele in commemoration of Shōkokuji’s founder, Musō Soseki. The entry makes no mention of Josetsu as a painter, but it suggests his acquaintance with Yoshimochi and an association with Shōkokuji, which was an important centre in the development of ink painting in the Muromachi period (...

Article

Hiroshi Kashiwagi

Japanese graphic designer. He studied principles of Constructivism at the Institute of New Architecture and Industrial Arts, Tokyo, a private institute established and run by Renshichiro Kawakita with the aim of introducing Bauhaus design theories in Japan; he graduated in 1935 and in 1938 joined the ...

Article

Joan H. O’Mara

Japanese paintings or woodblock prints depicting famous poets and poetesses often accompanied by the inscription of their names, with or without additional biographical information, and representative verses. By integrating calligraphy, poetry and painting in a single format, kasen’e (‘pictures of poetic immortals’) illustrate well the close interrelationship between these three art forms....