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Article

Jan Jaap Heij

Dutch printmaker and painter. He trained at the Academie voor Beeldende Kunsten in The Hague, where he subsequently taught graphic art (1893–1911). In 1911 he succeeded Pieter Dupont as professor in graphics at the Rijksakademie in Amsterdam under the directorship of Antoon Derkinderen. In the early years of his career Aarts produced some paintings using the pointillist technique, mostly landscapes (The Hague, Gemeentemus.); he also carved some sculptures in wood. He is, however, best known for his graphic work. In technique and subject-matter, his prints have a great deal in common with those of Dupont. As the latter’s successor he devoted himself to the revival of engraving, which his predecessor had reintroduced; his own experiments in this medium (in particular his scenes with diggers and beggars, all ...

Article

Pamela H. Simpson

American painter, illustrator, and muralist, active also in England. Abbey began his art studies at the age of 14 in his native Philadelphia where he worked with Isaac L. Williams (1817–95). Two years later he enrolled in night classes at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art working under Christian Schussele (...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 27 May 1873, in La Varenne-St-Hilaire.

Draughtsman, humorist, poster artist, illustrator.

Jack Abeillé collaborated on many newspapers and publications. He participated in collective exhibitions dedicated to humorous art, both in France and abroad. Most notably, he was one of the illustrators of ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 26 August 1882, in Berlin; died 4 July 1939, in Berlin.

Draughtsman, illustrator, poster artist, caricaturist.

Symbolism, Jugendstil.

Hermann Abeking was still very much influenced by the Jugendstil, and particularly by Aubrey Beardsley and Jan Toorop. He worked on several German magazines, including the ...

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 13 August 1937, in Paris.

Painter, draughtsman.

Achimsky studied at a school of graphic art and began her working life as a draughtswoman in advertising and the cinema. She began to paint in 1972 and exhibited at group exhibitions in Paris and in the provinces. She exhibited regularly at the Salon d'Automne from ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active from 1923 and naturalised in France.

Born 15 May 1898, in Saki; died 21 January 1980, in Paris.

Painter, engraver, graphic designer, illustrator. Portraits, circus scenes, landscapes, still-lifes, flowers.

Michael Adlen settled in Vienna when still very young, attended art school there and started exhibiting. In ...

Article

Romanian, 20th century, male.

Active in Israel from 1960.

Born 24 July 1912, in Romania.

Painter, engraver. Portraits, landscapes, animals.

Oswald Adler settled in Bucharest in 1934 and worked in advertising and graphic design. He trained late: he attended the academy of applied arts in Vienna in ...

Article

Austrian, 20th century, female.

Born 1937, in Traun.

Painter, pastellist, engraver, illustrator.

Having followed courses in calligraphy and typography at the fine art school in Linz, Helga Aichinger taught herself painting and engraving. From 1960 she executed woodcuts, pastels, collages, children's books and dolls. She exhibited in Vienna, Linz, Traun, Prague, Istanbul and Ankara and took part in collective exhibitions in Bologna, Bratislava, Belgrade, Beirut and at the Menton Biennale. Aichinger was awarded 'The Most Beautiful Books' diploma by the city of Vienna in ...

Article

Belgian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1948, in Antwerp.

Painter, watercolourist, graphic designer. Figures.

Roger van Akelyn evokes the anguish inherent in the human condition, sometimes using quasi-surrealist imagery.

Article

V. V. Vanslov

Russian stage designer, director, painter and graphic artist of Ukranian birth. He studied in Petrograd (now St Petersburg) from 1915 to 1919 in an artists’ workshop under Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Aleksandr Yakovlev and Vasily Shukhayev. From 1920 to 1922 he worked as a stage designer in Khar’kov (now Kharkiv). In ...

Article

Ukranian, 20th century, male.

Born 16 April 1901, in Khar'kov (now Kharkiv); died 16 September 1968, in Moscow.

Painter, stage designer, graphic artist, theatre director.

Nikolay Pavolovich Akimov studied under Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Aleksandr Yakovlev and Vasily Shukhayev in St Petersburg from 1915 to 1919. He worked as a stage designer in Kharkiv ...

Article

Russian painter, graphic artist, sculptor and designer of Ukrainian birth. He studied painting at the School of Art in Odessa (1901–7) under Kiriak Kostandi (1852–1921), at the same time attending classes in sculpture. In 1908–9 he made a series of pointillist paintings. He visited Vienna and Munich in ...

Article

Illustrator and painter. According to the Safavid chronicler Dust Muhammad, ‛Abd al-Hayy trained under Shams al-Din at Baghdad during the reign of the Jalayirid sultan Uways I (reg 1356–74) and became the leading painter under his son Ahmad (reg 1382–1410), who was also ‛Abd al-Hayy’s pupil. When Timur took Baghdad, ‛Abd al-Hayy was sent to Samarkand, either in ...

Article

Lebanese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 1962, in Saïda.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator. Figures, portraits.

This artist is a self-taught book and magazine illustrator who divides his time between Beirut and Paris. He has exhibited drawings and paintings at one-man shows in Beirut (since ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 7 August 1924, in Paris.

Painter, poster artist, illustrator. Designs for tapestries.

In 1944, Pierre Alary studied under Brianchon at the École des Arts Décoratifs in Paris. He exhibited work from 1950 at the Salon d'Automne, from 1965 at the Salon Comparaisons, and showed work at the Salon des Peintres Témoins de Leur Temps from ...

Article

Italian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France since 1990.

Born 8 February 1957, in Parma.

Painter.

Stefano Alberici uses thickly laid on paint to produce abstract compositions of stripes and fairly basic graphic marks. His work has appeared in collective exhibitions in several countries, and in solo shows in Parma, Paris and Milan since ...

Article

Rosemarie Bergmann

German engraver, painter and designer. He was the most important graphic artist in Westphalia in the 16th century. His reputation rests largely on his ornamental designs, which make up about one third of his c. 300 engravings. They were principally intended as models for metalworkers but were also adapted by other craftsmen for such decorative arts as enamel, intarsia and book illustration. Aldegrever followed Dürer and the Nuremberg ...

Article

Els Maréchal

Belgian painter, draughtsman, printmaker and film maker. He studied book illustration and typography at the Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture et des Arts Décoratifs from 1944 to 1946. In 1947 he became a member of the Jeune Peinture Belge group and had his first one-man exhibition in the Galerie Lou Cosyn in Brussels. In ...

Article

José Manuel Arnáiz

Spanish painter and illustrator. He studied at the Real Academia de S Fernando, Madrid, under Juan Antonio Ribera y Fernández and José de Madrazo y Agudo. He worked independently of court circles and achieved some fame but nevertheless died in such poverty that his burial was paid for by friends. He is often described as the last of the followers of Goya, in whose ...

Article

Roman Prahl

Czech painter, illustrator and designer. He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Prague under Josef Mathias von Trenkwald (1824–97) and Jan Swerts (1820–79), and he rarely travelled, except to Vienna in 1873 and Italy in 1877. He was one of the leading Bohemian artists of the so-called Generation of the ...