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Article

Danish, 19th century, male.

Born 2 April 1805, in Odense; died 4 August 1875, in Copenhagen.

Writer, graphic artist, creator of silhouettes and collages.

The author of the Fairytales and the Picture Book Without Pictures proved, on occasion, to be a gifted engraver. He left delicate silhouettes of girls, cupids and swans beneath the trees. He also decorated screens with collages....

Article

Carol Magee

Ethiopian painter, installation artist, graphic designer, and writer, active in the USA. She grew up in Addis Ababa in a family of painters before moving to the USA. She graduated from Howard University, Washington, DC, with a BFA in painting (1975) and returned in ...

Article

Ruth Rosengarten

Portuguese painter, graphic artist, critic and art administrator . In 1947 he was a founder-member of the Grupo Surrealista de Lisboa, with which he exhibited in 1949. By 1952 he was one of the few remaining members of the original group still involved in Surrealism. That year he held a large exhibition with two other artists, showing ...

Article

Polish, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Poland and in France from 1980.

Born 17 January 1948, in Bierna.

Painter (including mixed media), poster artist, architect. Frescoes.

Antoni Bachur followed courses in drawing and painting between 1968 and 1972, when he was taught by Kryzanowski, Czajka and Michalowski in Wroclaw. Having graduated in architecture in Wroclaw, he was a pupil of Jean Prouvé in Paris ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1938, in Torre del Greco (Naples).

Painter (mixed media).

Bruno de Bello employs a complex collage technique comprising painting and photographic material.

Milan, 6 April 1976: For Publication by Madame Lissitsky (1970, photography/canvas, 47¼ × 39¼ ins/120 × 100 cm) ...

Article

British, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1963, in England.

Book artist, printmaker, graphic designer, installation artist, art director, writer, educator. Community art, environmental art.

After a Foundation course at Lanchester Polytechnic, Lanchester (1981–1982), Les Bicknell studied graphic design at the London College of Printing (...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1 February 1960, in New York.

Sculptor, assemblage artist, graphic artist.

Nayland Blake studied at Bard College, Annandale on Hudson, NY, receiving his BFA there. In 1984 he obtained a MFA from the California Institute of Arts in Valencia, CA. Blake is a conceptual artist, concentrating primarily on themes of racial, sexual and personal identities, with emphasis on the threat of AIDS and the gay identity. His early works, such as ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1942, in Salem (Arkansas); died 25 May 1994.

Draughtsman, painter, graphic artist, assemblage artist, illustrator, set designer.

Joe Brainard was born in Salem but grew up in Tulsa, Oklahoma, where his family had moved when he was still a young boy. His father was an amateur painter and draughtsman and his grandfather a poet, and Brainard's artistic talent showed early when he began winning local competitions. In high school he met the aspiring poets Ron Padgett and Dick Gallup, with whom he founded ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1938, in Berlin.

Painter.

Pop Art.

Initially, K.P. Brehmer's work was formally very close to American Pop Art to the extent that he produced collages based on everyday objects, excerpts from the media and photographic or mechanical reproduction techniques to arrive at a distorted image of today's world and the consumer society. Subsequently, however, his work acquired more pronounced political undertones by the interpolation of two key elements - postage stamps and fragments of geopolitical maps. Brehmer also worked in cinema, directing films which focused on the problem of perception....

Article

American graphic designer, installation artist and design educator. De Bretteville attended Abraham Lincoln High School in Brooklyn, NY, and was included in the school’s Art Squad by teacher and artist Leon Friend, who submitted his students’ work to national competitions. She received a prestigious Alex Award, named after the designer Alex Steinweiss, also a former member of the Art Squad. She received a BA in art history from Barnard College, New York in ...

Article

Cecilia Suárez

Ecuadorean painter, graphic designer, sculptor, installation artist, architect and teacher. He studied architecture at the Universidad Nacional de Bogotá, Colombia. He worked for the Graham Foundation and the National Endowment for the Arts, Washington, DC, and received a grant to attend the Center for Advanced Visual Studies at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, where he worked with ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1959.

Painter (mixed media).

Christine Canetti's abstract compositions are often an offshoot of Art Informel, although they also feature arbitrary graphic symbols. She exhibited from 1983 to 1991 at the Salon de Montrouge, the Salon Confrontation in Paris, the Salon de la Jeune Peinture, and at the Cannes Biennale; and has also exhibited solo in Paris and Barcelona....

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 24 February 1958.

Painter (including mixed media), collage artist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, poster artist. Stage sets.

Olivier de Cayron is a self-taught painter whose work betrays the influence of Pollock, Dubuffet and, on occasion, Michaux. In 1985, he was one of the co-founders of the ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born c. 1910.

Mixed media.

Kinetic Art.

Chomette was the instigator of the earliest experiments in Kinetic art, using cinematographic techniques. Titles such as Interplay of Reflections and Speed ( Jeux de reflets et de la vitesse) refer to the Futurist paintings of Umberto Boccioni....

Article

Polish, 20th century, male.

Active from 1963 and naturalised in France from 1971.

Born 13 January 1930, in Lwów (now Lviv, Ukraine); died 19 January 1996, in Paris.

Collage artist, graphic designer, poster artist, illustrator, director.

Roman Cieslewicz was a pupil at the academy of fine arts in Cracow, in the studios of Zbigniew Pronaszko and Czeslaw Rzepinski. He later entered the poster studios of J. Karolak and M. Makarewicz, receiving his poster studio diploma in ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1938, in Antwerp.

Painter, sculptor, watercolourist, graphic designer, mixed media.

Albert Debois studied at the Institut des Arts Décoratifs in Antwerp from 1954-1957 and then under Octave Landuyt at the Ghent state college from 1957-1959.

His work evolved from painting to relief. His painting period came to an end in ...

Article

Moroccan, 20th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 26 April 1934, in El Jadida.

Painter, draughtsman, lithographer, collage artist, film maker.

André Elbaz studied at Rabat's school of graphic art while at the same time taking drama classes at the city's theatre school. He began experimenting with collage while making posters for his theatre group, Mazagan, in El Jadida. Following a trip to France in ...

Article

Romanian, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1934.

Born 9 November 1915, in Timisoara; died 11 April 2005, in Grisy-lès-Plâtres (Val-d'Oise), France.

Painter, sculptor of assemblages, draughtsman, illustrator, poster artist. Landscapes, figures. Comic cartoons, stage costumes and sets.

André Farkas studied at the school of art in Budapest. He arrived in France in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Sculptor, collage artist.

Henri Foucault has specialised in photograms since 1991, using metal filament to draw white figures on to photographic paper exposed to the light, necessarily working within a very short time frame. He assembles his forms and arranges his volumes on large panels or uses them as models for some of his sculptures. To produce these, he explores a range of materials including carpeting, blotting paper and vinyl. He showed his work in solo exhibitions in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 15 February 1945, in Aurillac (Cantal).

Painter, lithographer, poster artist, mixed media. Figures, nudes. Designs for tapestries.

Michel Four studied at the École des Beaux-Arts de Paris from 1964 to 1967, and produced many mural decorations. His early work is in an abstract yet materialist style, drawing on the volcanic Auvergne region, the colours of its stones and the physical sensations which it induces. Later, in ...