Decorative style of the late 19th century and the early 20th that flourished principally in Europe and the USA. Although it influenced painting and sculpture, its chief manifestations were in architecture and the decorative and graphic arts, the aspects on which this survey concentrates. It is characterized by sinuous, asymmetrical lines based on organic forms; in a broader sense it encompasses the geometrical and more abstract patterns and rhythms that were evolved as part of the general reaction to 19th-century historicism. There are wide variations in the style according to where it appeared and the materials that were employed....
German, 19th – 20th century, male.
Born 14 April 1868, in Hamburg; died 27 February 1940, in Berlin.
Painter, draughtsman, engraver, architect, designer, decorative artist, graphic designer. Posters, furniture, wallpaper, carpets, glassware, ceramics, table services, jewellery, silverwork, objets d'art, typefaces.
Jugendstil, functional school.
Die Sieben (Group of Seven), Deutscher Werkbund...
Italian, 20th century, male.
Born 1928, in Colognola ai Colli, near Verona.
Painter, engraver, graphic designer, fresco artist, sculptor. Religious subjects. Designs for stained glass.
Bellomi studied initially at the Cignaroli Academy in Verona. After World War II, he worked as a coal miner in St-Étienne in France. However, he spent most of his life in Verona where, ...
French, 20th century, male.
Born 7 May 1941, in St-Raphaël.
Painter, graphic designer, illustrator, poster artist, sculptor. Designs for tapestries, stained glass windows, playing cards.
Bevilacqua lived in Africa in his youth. Self-taught, he only began to paint in 1983. In 1991 Bevilacqua realised in public a monumental painting on the subject of ...
Irish artists. (1) Margaret Clarke was a painter; her husband, (2) Harry Clarke, was an illustrator and stained-glass artist. After his death in 1931, Margaret Clarke took over the direction of his stained-glass studios.
(b Newry, 1888; d Dublin, 1961).
Painter. She attended Newry Technical School and went to Dublin in ...
Israeli, 20th century, male.
Active from 1948 active in Israel.
Born 16 December 1908, in Bucharest.
Painter, engraver, poster artist, graphic designer, decorative designer. Designs for tapestries, and stained glass windows.
He was an architecture student at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, where he later studied painting at the Scandinavian Academy and at the Académie Julian ...
German, 20th century, male.
Active also active in France.
Born 1890, in Munich; died 1973, in Brunswick.
Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, engraver (wood), graphic designer. Stage sets, posters, glass painting.
Between 1910 and 1914, Dexel studied art history in Munich. He began painting in 1912 after a trip to Florence. Dated 1914, ...
Austrian designer, painter and illustrator. He studied from 1899 to 1902 under Kolo Moser and Karl Karger (1848–1913) at the Kunstgewerbeschule in the Österreichisches Museum für Kunst und Industrie in Vienna, and in 1903 under Ludwig Herterich (1856–1932) at the Kunstakademie in Munich. He was represented at the 15th exhibition of the ...
English illustrator, painter and designer. She entered the Royal Academy Schools, London, and won a prize for a mural design in 1897. She specialized in book illustration, in pen and ink and later in colour. Among her many commissions were illustrations to Tennyson’s Poems (...
Scottish painter, stained-glass designer and illustrator. He attended evening classes at the Glasgow School of Art from 1882 to 1885 while an apprentice lithographer. In 1887 he worked as an illustrator on a Glasgow newspaper and in 1889 provided illustrations for a book of poetry by James Hedderwick. His paintings of this period were realist in subject and low in tone, but these illustrations show an awareness of Pre-Raphaelite technique and symbolism, particularly that of Dante Gabriel Rossetti....
French, 20th century, male.
Active in the USA fromc.1943.
Born 1901, in Chinon; died 2 September 1968, in New York.
Painter (including gouache), poster artist, draughtsman, pastellist, illustrator. Religious subjects, local scenes, figures, nudes, portraits, landscapes with figures, urban landscapes, still-lifes (flowers/fruit). Murals, designs for stained glass...
British, 19th – 20th century, female.
Born 1 August 1865, in London, to Scottish parents; died 5 January 1917, in London.
Painter, illustrator, poster artist. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, interiors with figures, still-lifes, flowers. Designs for stained glass.
Isobel Gloag studied at the St John's Wood Art School and the Slade School in London, then in the studio of M.W. Ridley. She also studied with Raphaël Collin in Paris. She liked to illustrate scenes from old ballads and romances. Her style is similar to that of the Pre-Raphaelites. She suffered from health problems throughout her life. She was a member of the Ridley Art Club and exhibited at the Royal Academy from ...
See Clarke family
Swedish, 19th – 20th century, male.
Born 14 November 1872, in Stockholm; died 1959.
Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, poster artist. Figures, portraits, landscapes with figures, still-lifes (including flowers/fruit). Wall decorations, designs for stained glass.
Gustav Olof Hjortzberg studied at the Stockholm academy from 1892 to 1896. He spent seven years travelling in France, Italy, Spain, Greece and Asia. After returning to Stockholm, he was professor of drawing at the academy from 1911 to 1917, and later its director from 1920 to 1941. Between 1921 and 1938, he instituted a school of decorative arts at the academy. He took part in group exhibitions, including the ...
English stained-glass artist, painter and illustrator. He studied painting in London at Leigh’s Art School and the Royal Academy Schools, where he was influenced by Pre-Raphaelitism. Contact with Dante Gabriel Rossetti’s circle and the architect William Burges introduced him to the applied arts, and from ...
Jan Jaap Heij
Dutch painter, printmaker, illustrator, writer and stained-glass artist. He trained at the Rijksakademie in Amsterdam (1886–90), under the directorship of August Allebé. Having initially painted and drawn Impressionistic landscapes, he started working in the ’t Gooi region in 1892, where, influenced by Vincent van Gogh and Jan Toorop, he made a number of Symbolist drawings and lithographs. In ...
English designer. He was educated at Marlborough College and New College, Oxford, where he studied drawing under John Ruskin. Although he took Holy Orders in 1873, he continued to practise as a designer and eventually gave up his clerical duties in 1882, the year in which ...
British, 20th century, male.
Born 1901; died 1990.
Painter, stained glass designer. Topographical subjects, landscapes.
Charles Knight studied at at Brighton School of Art from 1919 to 1923 and at the Royal Academy Schools in London from 1923 to 1926. He began teaching at Brighton School of Art in ...
See Clarke family
Marsha L. Morton
German painter, draughtsman, stained-glass designer, illustrator and restorer. In Hamburg he studied drawing with Gerdt Hardorff the elder (1769–1864) and painting with Christopher Suhr (1771–1842) and Siegfried Bendixen (1786–1864). His admiration for early German art was inspired during a sketching trip through Schleswig-Holstein in ...