Decorative style of the late 19th century and the early 20th that flourished principally in Europe and the USA. Although it influenced painting and sculpture, its chief manifestations were in architecture and the decorative and graphic arts, the aspects on which this survey concentrates. It is characterized by sinuous, asymmetrical lines based on organic forms; in a broader sense it encompasses the geometrical and more abstract patterns and rhythms that were evolved as part of the general reaction to 19th-century historicism. There are wide variations in the style according to where it appeared and the materials that were employed....
German, 19th – 20th century, male.
Born 14 April 1868, in Hamburg; died 27 February 1940, in Berlin.
Painter, draughtsman, engraver, architect, designer, decorative artist, graphic designer. Posters, furniture, wallpaper, carpets, glassware, ceramics, table services, jewellery, silverwork, objets d'art, typefaces.
Jugendstil, functional school.
Die Sieben (Group of Seven), Deutscher Werkbund...
M. B. Whitaker
British fashion boutique. Established in 1963 by fashion illustrator Barbara Hulanicki (b 1936) as a mail-order catalogue, Biba swiftly evolved into a popular London boutique, and finally, from 1973 to 1975, a short-lived department store. Biba offered eclectic and affordable clothing, accessories, cosmetics and other products to students and teenagers, consequently becoming a fundamental driving force behind street fashion during the 1960s and 1970s (...
American, 20th century, male.
Born 1929, in Brooklyn (New York City).
Illustrator, graphic designer, theatre director. Stage costumes.
Remy Charlip studied at Black Mountain College. He became a professor at the University of California and settled in San Francisco. He is also a dancer and choreographer who worked for 11 years with the Merce Cunningham Company as a dancer, stylist and set designer. He has won numerous prizes, including the Boston Globe - Horn Book, two Obie Awards and three Isadora Duncan Awards. He has also been laureate of the San Francisco Public Library. For three years running, his books were recognised by the ...
French, 20th century, male.
Born 1930; died 1978.
Painter, poster artist, lithographer. Figures, landscapes, scenes with figures, horse racing scenes. Stage costumes, advertising art.
Jean Charnotet trained under Paul Colin and Vertès. He exhibited in Paris, Deauville, Brussels and Rome. He did a great deal of work in the advertising industry....
German, 19th – 20th century, male.
Active also active in France.
Born 6 March 1866, in Flensburg; died 5 January 1945, in Wiesbaden.
Painter, engraver, draughtsman, decorative designer, graphic designer. Portraits, landscapes, urban landscapes, still-lifes, flowers, decorative motifs. Designs for carpets, designs (furniture/posters/jewellery/book-binding).
Die Sieben (Group of Seven)...
Italian painter, illustrator and stage designer. He began his training in Faenza in the workshop of the Italian painter and ceramicist Mario Ortolani (1901–55). After living briefly in Bologna (1927) and Paris (1928) he settled in Rome in 1929...
American illustrator. Gibson’s graphic creation, the “Gibson Girl,” became a symbol of upper-middle-class American womanhood from 1890 to 1914. The Gibson Girl’s appearance and dress were widely imitated and her popularity helped shape social attitudes at a time when women’s roles were undergoing dramatic changes....
English illustrator and painter. While articled to his father’s estate agency for two years, he spent his time sketching City of London costumes and liveries and regimental uniforms. This meticulous historical knowledge helped when he became a full-time artist in 1836, exhibiting oils at the Royal Society of British Artists and the British Institution, both in London. From ...
German, 20th century, male.
Born 17 May 1880, in Chemnitz; died 6 September 1944, in Stuttgart.
Painter, decorative designer, graphic designer. Objets d'art, ceramics, decorative arts, silverware, jewels.
Darmstadt Artists' Colony.
Paul Haustein studied at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Dresden in 1896, and then in 1897...
Belgian, 20th century, male.
Born 1879 or 1880, in Liège; died 1956, in Brussels.
Painter, draughtsman, watercolourist, decorative designer, poster artist. Portraits. Stage costumes.
Georges Koister designed stage costumes and contributed to a number of papers in France and Belgium.
Liège: Portrait of Mme F. W....
French, 20th century, female.
Born 27 July 1923, in Paris.
Painter, watercolourist, graphic designer. Stage sets, stage costumes.
Yahne Le Toumelin is the daughter of a sailor. She spent a large part of her youth in Croisic. The sea is always a presence in her paintings, transparent even in her least figurative work. Initially, in ...
Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.
Born 25 November 1865, in Schaerbeek (Brussels); died 15 July 1916, in Ukkel.
Painter (including gouache), draughtsman, engraver, designer, lithographer, illustrator, poster artist, potter. Figures, nudes, portraits, interiors with figures, scenes with figures, landscapes, urban landscapes, still-lifes, flowers, seascapes, boats, animals...
Romanian, 20th century, male.
Active in Italy from 1971.
Born 20 April 1927, in Chisinau-Cris.
Painter, sculptor, graphic designer, designer, interior designer, scenographer. Stage sets, stage costumes, advertising art.
Ion Mitrici graduated from the N. Grigorescu Institute of Fine Arts in Bucharest in 1954. He was a member of the Union of Plastic Artists of Romania ...
Czech, 19th – 20th century, male.
Active in France.
Born 24 August 1860, in Ivancice; died 14 July 1939, in Prague.
Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, pastellist, draughtsman, illustrator, lithographer, poster artist. Historical subjects, allegorical subjects, figures, portraits, costume studies. Murals, stage costumes and sets, coats of arms, designs (jewels/postage stamps/banknotes/furniture)...
French, 19th – 20th century, male.
Born 1866, in Angers; died 1937, in Marly-le-Roi.
Painter, draughtsman, poster artist, designer. Stage sets, stage costumes.
Mültzer was attached to the Opéra-comique. He designed many sets and costumes over a period of about 40 years.
French fashion designer (see figs 1 and 2 ). From 1925 to 1953, Rochas was an innovator in Paris fashion. In the1930s he was known for architectural suits and coats, bold graphic patterns and Surrealist details, and in the post-war period for romantic designs inspired by the 19th century....
French, 20th century, male.
Born 1902, in Paris.
Painter, poster artist, worker in precious metals. Jewels.
Gérard Sandoz's father kept a goldsmith's shop and his uncle, the decorative artist and architect Paul Follot, introduced him to modern design. He created remarkably restrained jewellery, often made of composite materials....
English illustrator and designer. He received architectural training under William Salmon of Glasgow. He began his career as a designer in the London studio of Christopher Dresser, where he executed countless designs for furniture, decorations, wallpapers, carpets, tapestries, metalwork and pottery, which according to Smith were passed off as the work of Dresser. Smith contributed some of the designs and lithographed the plates for ...
New Zealand printmaker, book illustrator and painter . Taylor had no formal art training, but his work in both jewellery manufacturing and commercial advertising developed his superb skills as a draughtsman and his innate sense of design. Significantly, from 1944 to 1946 Taylor was appointed as art editor and illustrator for the Schools Publications branch of the New Zealand Education Department. He saw the merits of wood-engraving for illustration in school journals and during the remainder of his career created over 200 woodblock images of the flora and fauna of New Zealand and Maori mythology. International recognition for his wood-engraving came through exhibitions in New York (...