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New Zealander, 20th century, male.

Born 9 June 1906, in Westport; died 15 April 1971, in London.

Painter, printmaker, graphic designer.

Artists' International Association, London Group.

James Boswell came to England to study at London's Royal Academy in 1925. In 1933 he joined the Communist Party and became a founder member of the ...

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Bridget Whitelaw

Swiss painter and illustrator of Russian birth, active in Australia. He spent his childhood in Russia and in 1845 returned to his father’s home town, Lausanne, where he studied painting at the Musée Arlaud under J. G. Guignard (1811–97). In 1851 he moved to London where he studied lithography under ...

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Robert Smith

Australian painter, printmaker, draughtsman, sculptor, cartoonist and illustrator. Largely self-taught, he began printmaking in 1931 and worked as a caricaturist, cartoonist and illustrator for the weekly and left-wing press, his outlook influenced by experience on the dole and political struggle during the Depression. In 1941...

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Janda Gooding

Australian painter and book illustrator. Grand-daughter of a pioneer pastoralist of the Kimberley region in Western Australia, she first saw the Kimberley in her teens and was profoundly influenced by contact with the indigenous people. Working with her sister, Mary Durack (1913–94), she produced many illustrated children’s books that drew upon the lives and stories of indigenous children. The most popular children’s book was ...

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Gavin Fry

Australian illustrator, painter and writer. He studied under Dattilo Rubbo (1871–1955) in Sydney before travelling to London to work (1935–6) under Mark Gertler and Bernard Meninsky (1891–1950). Extensive travel through Africa on his return journey to Australia helped develop his love of the exotic and an interest in non-Western art. In the early 1940s he worked in close association with Russell Drysdale, making a reputation as a talented figure and landscape draughtsman and colourist. He enlisted in the Australian army in ...

Article

Australian painter, etcher and illustrator, also active in England. In his formative years he undertook illustrative commissions for the Picturesque Atlas of Australasia, as well as for the Australian Town and Country Journal and other publications. For a time he painted with his friends Tom Roberts, Arthur Streeton and Charles Conder at their camps around Mosman, or on trips to Richmond and along the Hawkesbury River. In his best paintings of this period he achieved a lyricism and sure handling of paint that resembles the work of Conder. During this period he also became interested in etching. In ...

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Roger Blackley

New Zealand painter of English birth. He arrived in New Plymouth in 1852, first working as a shopkeeper, teaching privately and advertising for commissions. On the outbreak of the Taranaki land wars, Gully moved to Nelson where he again struggled to establish himself as an artist and art teacher, eventually finding full-time work as a draughtsman in the provincial Survey Office. Specializing in lake and mountain views in the style of J. M. W. Turner (e.g. ...

Article

Australian painter. He studied graphic design from 1954 to 1957 at the Swinburne Technical College in Melbourne, where Robert Rooney was a fellow student. For the next two years he worked as a graphic artist for ABC Television in Melbourne and in 1964 had his first one-man show at the Toorak Galleries there. His early work of the mid- to late 1960s was based on a reduction of mundane objects into a geometrical pattern. ...

Article

Nadia Tscherny

English painter. He first attended classes at William Shipley’s Academy in the Strand, London, and from 1758 to 1765 was apprenticed to Richard Wilson (about whom he published a short biographical essay in 1790). Hodges followed Wilson’s classical landscape style periodically throughout his career, but, particularly during his travels, he also occasionally abandoned it in favour of freer handling, bolder juxtapositions of colour and a more empirical response to the natural world....

Article

Australian, 20th century, male.

Born 1901, in Annandale, Sydney; died 1981.

Painter. Landscapes, urban landscapes.

George Feather Lawrence served an apprenticeship in the art department of commercial printers, John Sands & Co, then at Smith and Julius commercial art studios. He took classes at the Julian Ashton Art School in the 1920s and in ...

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Anne Gray

Australian painter and printmaker. In his formative years he worked as a graphic designer in Perth, which provided him with a solid technical training. He moved to London in the 1960s where he worked at a screen-printing factory. He was inspired by the abstract tradition of Frank Stella, Ellsworth Kelly and Joseph Albers. When he first saw their work, the scale of it had an immediate and liberating effect on him and he embarked on a series of large experimental pieces using a combination of pure colour and built-up pigment. He also believed that art must relate to society, or be of use in the community, and to this end he made political posters and trade union banners....

Article

English illustrator, draughtsman, writer and painter, active in Australia. She was educated at home and was taught by Thomas Lawrence to paint portrait miniatures on ivory. In 1832, at the age of 20, she earned the respect of Henry Parkes (later Premier of New South Wales, Australia) for her writings in support of the Chartist movement, begun in Birmingham in that year. In ...

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Anne Gray

New Zealand draughtsman, illustrator and teacher of English birth, best known for his Gallipoli sketches. In his formative years he painted portraits and allegorical works and around 1912 he moved to London, where he enrolled at the Slade School of Fine Art. He subsequently joined ...

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Aurélie Verdier

Australian sculptor. He spent 20 years in Australian and British television and advertising, where he was already making the mannequins that he later adapted to sculptural purposes. He started his artistic career when collaborating with his mother-in-law, Paula Rego for the Spellbound exhibition at the Hayward Gallery in ...

Article

Australian, 20th century, female.

Born 9 June 1945, in Adelaide.

Painter, sculptor, printmaker. Scenes with figures.

Ann Newmarch uses a heliographic system to create images inspired by postcards of the 1920s.

2007, WACK! Art and the Feminist Revolution, Geffen Contemporary at Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles (travelling exhibition)...

Article

Robert Smith

Australian cartoonist, printmaker, writer, illustrator, film maker and sculptor. After employment as an illustrator in Melbourne (1949–52), he worked in London as a freelance illustrator and cartoonist (1954–60). On the return journey to Australia he formed a lasting interest in South-east Asia, publishing the resulting perceptive and deceptively simple drawings with commentary in the first of his many illustrated books. He worked as a freelance artist in Melbourne until his appointment as resident cartoonist for the Sydney ...

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Jan Minchin

Australian painter and illustrator. He enlisted at the age of 18 and served with the Australian Imperial Forces during World War II. While hospitalized in New Guinea for several months, he turned to art as a means of expressing his concern for humanity. Returning home, he studied at the National Gallery Art School, Melbourne, under ...

Article

Australian painter and photographer. From 1954 to 1957 he studied graphic design at the Swinburne College of Technology in Melbourne, where Dale Hickey was a fellow student. The year of his entry he began to exhibit at the Contemporary Art Society in Melbourne. His early work was influenced by figurative artists such as Ben Shahn and the illustrations of Andy Warhol and also by Charles Blackman, whom he knew personally. Later he came under the influence of Francis Bacon, as shown in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1 March 1889, in Nouméa (New Caledonia), to French parents; died 1978, in Talence near Bordeaux.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator, poster artist. Figures, portraits, landscapes, urban landscapes, harbour views, scenes with figures, circus scenes, sporting subjects, still-lifes, flowers...

Article

Heather Curnow

English painter and illustrator. He was the grandson of the antiquarian Joseph Strutt (1749–1802) and the son of the miniaturist William Thomas Strutt (1777–1850). He trained in Paris from 1838 to 1845 in the studios of Michel-Martin Drolling and Joseph-Nicholas Jouy (...