South African multi-media artist, active in the USA. She received a BA in fine arts (University of Witwatersrand, 1993), an MA in art history (University of Chicago, 1995), and an MPhil in art history (Columbia University, New York, 1997). She was a fellow of the Whitney Independent Studio Program, New York (...
Danish, 20th century, male.
Photographer, art critic. Multimedia.
Torben Christensen is a teacher at the Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi in Copenhagen within the 'new media' department which he helped to set up. He shows his works in solo exhibitions: 1994, Maison du Danemark in Paris and Chapelle des Brigittines in Brussels....
(b Nairobi, 1958). Kenyan photographer, multimedia and performance artist, and teacher of Indian descent, active in the USA. DeSouza was born in Kenya to Indian parents. Raised in London from the age of 7, he called his background that of a ‘double colonial history’. DeSouza attended Goldsmiths College in London and the Bath Academy of Art, and although he has worked primarily in photography and as a writer on contemporary art, he has also branched out into performance art, digital painting, and textual and mixed media arts. He moved to the USA in ...
French, 20th century, male.
Born 21 October 1930; died 1982.
Lettrism, Sound Poetry, Affichisme.
Nouveaux Réalistes group.
François Dufrêne initially made a name for himself as a poet and a member of the literary circle presided over by Isidore Isou. However, by 1952...
French, 20th century, male.
Born 1944, in Paris.
Installation artist, photographer, film maker, novelist. Multimedia.
Alain Fleischer studied French, linguistics and anthropology at university, and has taught at the University of Paris III, at the École d'Art de Cergy, at the Institut des Hautes Études Cinématographiques, and the École Nationale d'Art de Nice (the Villa Arson). He served as head of the École Expérimentale d'Art Contemporain du Fresnoy, in Tourcoing....
American, 20th – 21st century, female.
Born 27 September 1965, in Billings (Montana).
Installation artist, performance artist, video artist, writer. Multimedia.
Andrea Fraser studied at the School for Visual Arts (1982(1983) and at the Whitney Museum of American Art Independent Study Program, New York (...
American multimedia artist, video artist, teacher and writer. She studied painting at Cornell University (BA 1961) and New York University (MA 1967). She married architect
American architect, educator and critic of German birth. He married writer, multimedia and video artist Hermine Freed in 1967. In 1939 Freed and his 4-year-old sister escaped Nazi Germany via France and Switzerland with an American uncle. In Chicago he was placed in the care of another uncle until his parents immigrated. Freed attended classes at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, decided to become an architect and enrolled at the Illinois Institute of Technology (BArch ...
Revised and updated by Margaret Barlow
American performance artist, video artist, and writer. Graham founded the Daniels Gallery in New York and was its director from 1964 to 1965; there he came into contact with Minimalist artists such as Carl Andre, Sol LeWitt, and Donald Judd. This led him to question the gallery structure and the art displayed and to experiment with conceptual art. From ...
Catherine M. Grant and Margaret Rose Vendryes
American printmaker, film maker, installation and conceptual artist and writer.
Green, of African descent, has worked primarily with film-based media, and has published criticism and designed installations that reveal her commitment to ongoing feminist and black empowerment movements. She earned her BA from Wesleyan University in ...
French, 20th century, male.
Born 7 October 1943; died 15 October 1995, in Paris.
Performance artist, sculptor, painter, poet. Multimedia.
Michel Journiac studied philosophy and scholastic theology. He taught aesthetics at the University of Paris I (Panthéon-Sorbonne) and was formerly a teacher in art schools in Versailles, Nancy and Rheims....
Chinese-American, 20th – 21st century, male.
Active in the United States.
Born 1964, in Hong Kong.
Multimedia artist, curator, activist, writer.
Simon Leung immigrated to northern California from Hong Kong in 1974. He went on to study at the University of California, Los Angeles, and in ...
South Korean video artist, performance artist, musician, sculptor, film maker, writer, and teacher, active in Germany and the USA (see fig.). From 1952 to 1956 he studied music and aesthetics at the University of Tokyo. In 1956 he moved to the Federal Republic of Germany: he studied music at the Ludwig-Maximilians Universität, Munich, and worked with the composer ...
Catherine M. Grant
American video artist, film maker, installation artist and writer. She studied Art History at New York University, graduating with a BA in 1984. She then studied for an MFA at the Art Center College of Design, Pasadena, CA, graduating in 1990. In 1989 she began to make indices as a way of restructuring and re-presenting narratives, with the private view cards for most of her shows consisting of an index of the content of the exhibition. In one of her first major video installations, ...
Culture of images and visuality that creates meaning in our world today. This includes media forms such as photography, film, television, and digital media; art media such as painting, drawing, prints, and installations; architecture and design; comic books and graphic novels; fashion design, and other visual forms including the look of urban life itself. It also encompasses such social realms as art, news, popular culture, advertising and consumerism, politics, law, religion, and science and medicine. The term visual culture also refers to the interdisciplinary academic field of study that aims to study and understand the role that images and visuality play in our society; how images, gazes, and looks make meaning socially, culturally, and politically; how images are integrated with other media; and how visuality shapes power, meaning, and identity in contemporary global culture....
Belgian, 20th century, male.
Born 13 November 1909, in Antwerp; died 25 April 1982, in Antwerp.
Poet, novelist, art critic.
Visual Poetry, Sound Poetry.
Paul de Vree's work is part of the important movement known as Visual or Concrete Poetry. He also practised audio-visual poetry and 'visual poetry', where the images bring to mind human consciousness. In ...
South African multimedia artist, art critic, and art historian of English birth. Williamson immigrated to South Africa in 1948. She studied at the Art Students League of New York from 1965 to 1968 and received an Advanced Diploma from the Michaelis School of Fine Art, Cape Town, in ...
Chinese-Australian, 20th – 21st century, male.
Born 1956, in Hong Kong.
Painter, performance artist, writer. Multimedia.
John Zerunge Young emigrated from Hong Kong for Australia in 1967 during Hong Kong’s period of unrest and riots. He spent his formal school years in Sydney and went on to study philosophy at the city’s university. His interest in painting, however, remained a constant part of his early childhood, and he furthered his studies in painting and sculpture at the Sydney College of the Arts. It was there that he came into contact with a number of leading visual artists of the time, including the conceptual artist Imants Tillers. Young’s investigation into Western late modernism prompted a period in which his works dealt with themes of his dual nationality and the diasporic Chinese communities in Australia. Young has participated in many regional group travelling exhibitions. In ...