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See Baring family

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T. L. Ingram and Francis Russell

English family of merchants, bankers, politicians, collectors and patrons. John Baring (1697–1748) came from a Lutheran family in Bremen and settled in Exeter, Devon, in 1717. The success of his clothmaking business enabled him to acquire a large house, Larkbeare, and landed estate on the outskirts of the city. His portrait was painted by ...

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Merchant and collector. Cook became a partner in his father’s huge and successful textile manufacturing and wholesaling firm in 1843; on the death of his father in 1869, he became its head. During his professional life he was also one of the principal collectors of antique Greek and Roman sculpture in the Victorian period, acquiring his antiques mostly at auction between ...

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Jonas Gavel

Swedish collector and patron. He came from a Jewish merchant family in Göteborg where he managed a textile company with his brother Arthur and cousin Ludwig. He was also active in liberal politics. His art gallery (c. 1885), designed by Adrian Petterson (...

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Catalan industrialist and patron. After completing his studies in England, he returned to Barcelona to head the textile manufacturing company founded by his father, Joan Güell i Ferrer. He strongly supported Catalan nationalism and used his patronage of such Catalan Renaixença figures as the poet Ramón Picó i Campamar, the novelist Robles i Rodríguez Alcántara, the painter ...

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Ionides  

Athena S. E. Leoussi

British family of patrons of Greek origin. Constantine Ioannou Ipliktzis (b Constantinople [now Istanbul], 1775; d Athens, 1852) was the founder of the family fortune. In the 1820s he settled in Manchester, where he established himself as a textile merchant. His eldest son, ...

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French textile manufacturer, collector and amateur engraver. He was the nephew of François de Jullienne, a cloth merchant, and of Jean Glucq, a celebrated dyer for the Gobelins factory in Paris, and in 1721 he merged their successful businesses. As a young man he studied drawing with ...

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Lévy  

French collectors and patrons. Pierre Lévy (b Guebwiller, Haut-Rhin, 11 April 1907; d 25 March 2002), an industrialist specializing in textiles, and his wife Denise Lévy (née Lièvre) donated in 1976 a substantial part of their collection of c. 4000 works of art and ...

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Bet McLeod

Parisian guild of merchants selling luxury goods. The name has no direct translation, as it derives from the incorporation of the mercers (textile merchants) and jewel merchants. It was the third of the six guilds of merchants in Paris, and was subdivided into twenty classes by the types of goods available for sale. The 13th class was allowed to sell a wide variety of works of art, which included not only paintings and prints but also all manner of items including furniture, light fittings, bronzes, marble and clocks. Although the merchants were, in theory, regulated by the guild system as to the types of goods they were permitted to sell, in practice several classes frequently overlapped. A large number of ...

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David Prout

English textile manufacturer and philanthropist. The son of Daniel Salt, a merchant and manufacturer of Wakefield, Yorks, he learnt his trade in the mills of Bradford. He achieved commercial success by pioneering the use of alpaca hair for textile manufacture in England. From 1851 to 1853...

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See Baring family

Article

See Baring family

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Francis Russell

In 

See Baring family

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Teresa del Conde

Mexican painter, sculptor, textile designer, printmaker and collector. He grew up in an area that was rich in legends, rites and beliefs springing from a strong rural tradition predating the Spanish conquest of Mexico. He began to draw and paint at a very early age, studying first in Oaxaca, where he produced linocuts in the graphic workshop run by ...

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Jeremy Howard

Russian patron, collector, museum founder and curator. A textile magnate, he was one of the first merchants to patronize the arts in Russia. In 1851, after his marriage to Vera Mamontova, the niece of the industrialist Savva Mamontov, the founder of the artistic colony at Abramtsevo, he bought a large mansion in Moscow and began to collect art. Initially he bought western European engravings and 17th-century Dutch paintings, but after seeing the Russian works in Illarion Pryanishnikov’s collection in St Petersburg, he switched to Russian art. He collected icons and 18th- and 19th-century works, as well as, most importantly, becoming the main patron of the group that became known as ...