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Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active naturalised in France from 1937.

Born 7 July 1887, in Vitebsk; died 28 March 1985, in St-Paul-de-Vence, France.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, ceramicist, engraver, decorative artist, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, landscapes with figures. Murals, designs for stained glass, designs for mosaics, low reliefs...

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 1908, in Le Vésinet.

Painter, engraver, potter, designer, illustrator. Religious subjects.

Marianne Clouzot started out as a painter but turned to ceramics from around 1942, favouring religious subjects. She wrote several children's books and a produced a portfolio of 12 etchings entitled ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 10 June 1880, in Chatou; died 10 September 1954, in Garches, as the result of an accident.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, pastellist, draughtsman (red chalk/charcoal/ink), sculptor (including bronze), engraver (wood/metal), lithographer, illustrator. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, nudes, hunting scenes, scenes with figures, horse racing scenes, landscapes, waterscapes, landscapes with figures, urban landscapes, seascapes, architectural views, still-lifes, flowers, fruit...

Article

Polish, 20th century, male.

Active from 1930 and in 1951 naturalised in Belgium.

Born 20 April 1896, in Olesko, Ukraine; died 9 March 1970, in Beauvallon, France.

Painter, sculptor (including wood), ceramicist. Figures, horses. Church decoration, frescoes, designs for tapestries, monuments.

Beginning in 1915, Zygmunt Dobrzycki studied at the schools of art in Kiev, Moscow and St Petersburg. He was sensitive to the mystical influence of Chourlianis, a profoundly spiritual Russian Expressionist painter. In ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1886, in Faenza; died 1973, in Rome.

Painter, sculptor (bronze/marble), potter, draughtsman, engraver, medallist. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, figures, portraits, nudes, sporting subjects, landscapes, still-lifes, birds. Busts, groups, low reliefs, monuments.

Drei studied drawing and sculpture with A. Berti and gained a diploma from the Scuola d'Arti e Mestieri in Faenza in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 9 July 1871, in Corenc; died 25 or 27 May 1947, in Paris.

Painter, potter, draughtsman, pastellist, engraver. Figure compositions, religious subjects, allegorical subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, genre scenes, still-lifes, flowers, landscapes. Designs for tapestries.

At the age of fifteen, Jules Flandrin started an apprenticeship as engraver-lithographer while still studying drawing. In 1893, he obtained a grant from Grenoble Town Council to study at the École des Arts Décoratifs in Paris. He studied under Gustave Moreau, whose studio at the École des Beaux-Arts he also attended. There he met Marquet, Matisse, Rouault and Guérin. He also had contacts with Puvis de Chavannes and became Maurice Denis' friend. In 1895, he met Jacqueline Marval, also a painter, whose life he would share for 35 years. He travelled to Italy at 38, exploring Venice, Florence and Rome. At 43, he saw action in the Somme and Champagne during World War I and drew the ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 14 June 1902, in Hénin-Liétard (Pas-de-Calais), now Hénin-Beaumont; died 11 April 1969, in Valbonne (Alpes-Maritime).

Painter, sculptor, potter. Religious subjects, figures, nudes, scenes with figures, still-lifes, flowers.

Of Franco-Danish parentage, Théodore Émile Frandsen de Schomberg was self-taught in the fine arts, and saw active service during World War II. He developed the concept of 'tensism' as a way of approaching artistic creation through 'introspective psychology'. He left an eclectic body of work, alternating religious subjects with a celebration of woman. He exhibited at the Chapelle des Pénitents Noirs in Valbonne....

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 13 July 1873, in Neuhaus; died 1948, in Dresden.

Sculptor, medallist. Religious subjects, figures, animals. Funerary monuments, designs (porcelain).

Art Deco.

Max Hermann Fritz was a student of Lorenz Hutschenreuther, and was active in Dresden from 1898. He carried out numerous sculptures for Hartau Church (including a ...

Article

Lene Olesen

Danish potter and ceramic manufacturer. He served his apprenticeship as a potter in the workshop of Edvard Christian Sonne (1810–76) and then travelled for three years through northern France, Switzerland and Germany, where he worked in various ceramic factories in the Rheinland stoneware region. In ...

Article

Gordon Campbell

German porcelain manufactory. In 1777 a porcelain factory was founded in Ilmenau (Thuringia) by Christian Zacharias Gräbner; its products were imitations of wares produced by Wedgwood and Meissen Porcelain Factory. From 1808 to 1871 the factory was known as Nonne and Roesch; in the 20th century it was nationalized under the communists, and is now an independent company. Its products are marked as Grafvon Henneberg porcelain....

Article

Lene Olesen

Danish ceramic manufacturer. He received his training as an apprentice at the Kähler ceramic factory. The concern had been founded in Næstved in 1839 by his father, Joachim Christian Herman Kähler (1808–84), who was a potter and tiled-stove manufacturer. Kähler attended the technical colleges in Næstved and Copenhagen (...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 31 December 1923, in Frankfurt am Main.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, engraver (wood), potter. Religious subjects, landscapes. Designs for stained glass, murals.

Quadriga Group.

After his studies in classics, Heinz Kreutz learned photography. Called up for service in World War II in ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1922, in Nodebais.

Sculptor, potter. Religious subjects.

Max van der Linden studied philosophy, theology and political and social sciences, and studied under Pierre Caille at the academy of La Cambre. His compositions are fresh and simple.

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born c. 1880, near Santa Cruz (New Mexico); died c. 1939.

Sculptor. Religious subjects.

José Dolores Lopez was born into a family of woodcarvers. He too used this material, and also worked in clay.

He executed a large number of 'Santos', effigies of saints in the popular style of the Spanish colonial tradition, adding his own very personal, if rough, sensitivity....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 26 July 1903, in Marquise, Artois; died 22 August 1894, in Antony near Paris.

Sculptor, draughtsman, potter, medallist. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, portraits. Busts, monuments, low reliefs.

Édouard Manchuelle studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Boulogne-sur-Mer from 1921 to 1924...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Potter, enameller. Religious subjects, figures.

Louis Muller worked in Nancy. He began by working in glass and in pottery, using enamel and glaze. He also created figures, notably The Evangelists.

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 5 October 1850, in Sèvres; died 4 August 1930, in Paris.

Painter, engraver. Historical subjects, religious subjects, scenes with figures, interiors with figures, portraits, group portraits, landscapes, animals. Designs for ceramics.

Émile Renard was taught by Cabanel and César de Cock. He travelled to Italy and Tunisia, bringing back landscapes. He was a teacher at the École des Beaux-Art in Paris, succeeding Tony Robert-Fleury. He made his first appearance in Paris at the Salon des Artistes Français in 1873, and became a member of this society in 1883. Renard received a third-class medal in 1876, a second-class medal in 1889, a silver medal in 1889 at the Exposition Universelle in Paris, and a medal of honour in 1911. He was made a Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur in 1895 and was a member of the jury at the Exposition Universelle in 1900. He exhibited in Madrid and Antwerp....

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1855, in Paris; died 18 January 1922, in Paris.

Sculptor, medallist, potter, engraver. Religious, allegorical and mythological subjects, nudes. Statues, busts, statuettes.

Symbolism.

Pierre Roche studied with Alfred Roll at the Académie Julian from 1873 to 1878 and in ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 27 May 1871, in Paris, France; died 13 February 1958, in Paris.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, engraver, potter. Religious subjects, figures, landscapes. Stage sets, designs for stained glass, designs for tapestries.

Georges Rouault completed his primary education in 1885 and was apprenticed to stained-glass artists – first the Tamonis, then Hirsch. He received a direct offer from Albert Besnard for stained-glass windows for the School of Pharmacy to be made from his design sketches, but he refused out of loyalty to his employer. He was encouraged to consider painting as a career, having been introduced to the appreciation of art by his grandfather, Alexandre Champdavoine, who, modest white-collar worker though he was, knew and admired Honoré Daumier, Gustave Courbet, and Édouard Manet. Rouault achieved entry to the École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1891, first in Elie Delaunay’s studio, then in Gustave Moreau’s (where he met Henri Matisse, Albert Marquet, Rudolf Lehmann, Henri Evenepoel, and others). Though he failed twice at the Prix de Rome, he won the Prix Chenavard in 1894 and, by 1900, he had obtained a mention and a bronze medal. In 1903, as Gustave Moreau’s executor, he became the curator of the Musée Gustave Moreau in Paris....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1924, in Bald Knob (Arkansas).

Painter, sculptor (including bronze), ceramicist, jeweller. Religious subjects, figures, animals. Murals, designs for stained glass, mosaics.

Starting in 1944, Carroll Harris Simms studied at Hampton Institute, Hampton, Virginia, the University of Toledo, and the Toledo Museum School of Art. He was the first African-American to graduate from the Cranbrook Academy of Art, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. He went on to study at the Slade School of Art of the University of London, the Royal College of Art, London, the Swedish Institute, Stockholm, and the Institute of African Studies of the University of Ibadan, Nigeria. From ...