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Article

Sheila S. Blair

Persian family of potters. The family is sometimes known, somewhat improperly, by the epithet Kashani [al-Kashani, Qashani], which refers to their home town, Kashan. It was a major centre for the production of lustre pottery in medieval Iran, and they were among the leading potters there, working in both the Monumental and the Miniature styles (...

Article

See Abu Tahir family

Article

Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom

Lebanese–American artist and writer. Daughter of a Greek Christian mother and a Syrian Muslim father, she was educated in Lebanon and at universities in France and the United States. For many years she taught the philosophy of art at Dominican College, San Rafael, CA. She also lectured and taught at many other colleges and universities until her retirement in the late 1970s. Also a novelist and poet, she combined Arabic calligraphy with modern language in her drawings, paintings, ceramics and tapestries. She explored the relationship between word and image in over 200 “artist books,” in which she transcribed in her own hand Arabic poetry from a variety of sources....

Article

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Article

Amol  

Gordon Campbell

City in northern Iran, close to the Caspian Sea and, from the 11th century to the 13th, centre for the production of a distinctive white slip pottery with incised designs.

Article

Iraqi, 20th century, male.

Active in England since 1976.

Born 1939, in Baghdad.

Painter, potter, illustrator. Designs for tapes­tries.

Dhia Azzaoui initially studied archaeology. He then went on to study at Baghdad’s school of fine art. He has lived and worked in London since 1976...

Article

Tunisian, 20th century, male.

Born 14 January 1924, in Tunis; died 11 May 2006.

Painter, potter. Figures, interiors.

Ali Bellagha initially studied law before attending the schools of fine art in Tunis and Paris. In about 1970, he opened a shop called Les Métiers, which he also runs....

Article

Tunisian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 9 October 1951, in Maamoura.

Painter, ceramicist.

In 1977 Khaled Ben Slimane graduated from the Institut Technologique d'Art in Tunis, specialising in ceramics. In 1978-79 he worked at the Massana School in Barcelona and in 1982-83 in Japan.

He employs acrylics in his paintings and is strongly influenced by Arab calligraphy, which appears both in a concealed and an explicit form. The rows of symbols, or writings in various colours, are arranged between parallel horizontal lines, and decorative elements are only allowed as a framing device for his compositions....

Article

Chemla  

Tunisian, 20th century, male.

Born in Tunis.

Ceramicist.

Chemla works in his home town.

Article

Egyptian, 20th century, male.

Born 1940.

Painter, sculptor, ceramicist.

Abdel El Dawakhli studied at Cairo's higher academy of art, then qualified as an art teacher from the San Fernando academy in Madrid and as a master potter and ceramicist from Madrid's central school. He was appointed professor at the higher academy of art in Cairo and, from ...

Article

George Bankes

Pre-Columbian culture and art style that flourished in northern coastal Peru during the Early Intermediate period, between c. 300 bc and c. ad 200. It was named after the site of Gallinazo (Sp. ‘turkey buzzard’) in the Virú valley, which was excavated by the American archaeologist ...

Article

Ghaybi  

Arab potter. The name is also applied to a pottery workshop active in Syria and Egypt in the mid-15th century. All the products are underglaze-painted in blue and black. A rectangular panel composed of six tiles decorated with a lobed niche in the mosque of Ghars al-Din al-Tawrizi, Damascus (...

Article

Gordon Campbell

Type of Persian pottery, imitated by the Chelsea porcelain factory. The name derives from the Persian port of Gombroon (now Bandar Abbas, in Iran), where the East India Company had a station. The term is sometimes used vaguely, but has the specific sense of a 17th-century Persian pottery with a thin white body and incised underglaze decoration....

Article

Sheila R. Canby

Type of enamelled (Pers. mīnā'ī) ware made in Iran in the late 12th century and early 13th; dated mina'i wares range from 1186 to 1224. This overglaze ware, unique to Iran, was probably first made at Kashan. It is a fritware consisting of bowls, jugs, beakers, ewers, vases and bottles covered first with a transparent colourless or opaque turquoise glaze and then fired. Colours such as turquoise and cobalt blue were applied prior to the first firing, whereas black, red, white and gold were painted on to the cold glaze and fixed in a second firing. The result was a group of polychrome pots decorated in a style closely allied to that of book illustration. Indeed, several pieces contain scenes from the Shāhnāma (‘Book of kings’), and one large bowl (Washington, DC, Freer) shows an actual battle that took place in the 1220s....

Article

Egyptian, 20th century, male.

Born 1926, in Dahme.

Painter.

Ramzi Moustapha studied decorative arts at Cairo University. He then went on to study ceramics at the Istituto Statale d'Arte per la Ceramica in Faenza, Italy, and at the Royal Academy in London. He furthered his artistic training at Moscow University and at the University of Iowa in the USA. His painting features checkerboard constructions exploring the interplay of shadow and light in their tiles....

Article

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Article

Persian potter and tilemaker. Trained as a mason in Isfahan, he probably followed his father’s trade and chose to specialize in making pottery and tiles. His experiments making tiles that imitated the fine work produced under the Safavids (reg 1501–1732), when Isfahan was the capital of Iran, caught the attention of Major-General ...

Article

Muslim  

Arab potter. Twenty complete or fragmentary lustreware vessels signed by Muslim are known. A fragmentary plate with birds in a floral scroll (Athens, Benaki Mus., 11122) is inscribed on the rim ‘[the work of] Muslim ibn al-Dahhan to please … Hassan Iqbal al-Hakimi’. Although the patron has not been identified, his epithet al-Hakimi suggests that he was a courtier of the Fatimid caliph al-Hakim (...

Article

Iranian, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA.

Born 1934, in Tehran.

Painter, engraver, potter. Figures, scenes with figures, narrative scenes.

Nasser Ovissi studied law and politics in Tehran and Rome before going on to prac­tise as a painter, lithographer, and goldsmith. His painting is inspired by the Iranian tradition, which he reinterprets in primitive works often enriched with calligraphic patterns. He lives and works in Washington....

Article

Israeli, 20th century, female.

Born 1942, in Tel Aviv.

Sculptor (terracotta). Figures. Groups.

Nili Pincas was first interested in painting and weaving. Then in the 1950s she met and married Moreno Pincas, developed an interest in modelling, and went to the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris to develop her knowledge of fine arts. Her work draws its inspiration from traditional popular ceramics, with which she is thoroughly familiar and yet which she alters slightly, mixing dream and reality. The rich colours and harmonious calm of her slip-decorated and enamelled terracotta figures somehow recall ancient Egypt, drawing together the imaginary and the most familiar scenes. Her small-scale world (her figures are never taller than 50 cm) breathes calm and simplicity, sometimes tempered with a peaceful strangeness, as in works such as: ...