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Michael Spens

Japanese architect, teacher and writer. He graduated from Waseda University, Tokyo, in 1960 and obtained his MArch in 1966 and DEng in 1971. He began teaching architecture at Shibaura Institute of Technology in 1962, becoming a lecturer in engineering there in 1966 and subsequently assistant professor (...

Article

Ramón Vargas

Mexican architect, theorist and writer, of Japanese descent. The son of a Japanese ambassador in Mexico, he studied philosophy, espousing neo-Kantianism and becoming politically a socialist. He became a supporter of Functionalism, with its emphasis on the social applications of architecture, and was a founder, with ...

Article

Toshiaki Nagaya

Japanese architect and writer . He graduated from the University of Tokyo in 1942 and in 1946–7 he worked in the office of Junzō Sakakura in Tokyo. After receiving a master’s degree from Harvard University, Cambridge, MA (1953), he worked in the office of ...

Article

Toshiaki Nagaya

Japanese architect and writer . After graduating in 1957 from the School of Architecture, Osaka University, he worked for three years as a designer for the Ministry of Postal Services in Tokyo and Osaka and then joined Junzō Sakakura Architect & Associates (1960–67). He established his own office in Tokyo in ...

Article

Margaret Medley

English art historian. Fluent in Chinese, he was employed as a civil engineer in China from 1933 to 1934. He then helped with cataloguing, photographing and arranging the exhibits for the International Exhibition of Chinese Art at the Royal Academy in London (1935–6; see...

Article

Hiroyuki Suzuki

English architect, active in Japan. He was articled to Roger Thomas Smith and then entered the office of William Burges. In 1876 he was awarded the Soane Medallion by the RIBA. In the next year he was appointed the first professor of architecture at the Imperial College of Engineering (now Tokyo University) in Japan, in which role he taught every aspect of architecture and building construction. During this period he was also active as an architect, designing such buildings as the ...

Article

Enju  

Japanese, 17th century, male.

Born 1579, in Koborimura (Omi); died 12 March 1647, in Fujimi, near Kyoto.

Painter, calligrapher, poet, architect. Landscapes.

Enju was a pupil of Taniju. He founded the Enju School, which was named after him.

Article

Ho, Tao  

Hong Kong architect, designer, teacher and writer of Chinese birth. After leaving China for Hong Kong in 1949 he received his further education in the USA, where he studied art history at Williams College, Williamstown, MA (1956–60), and subsequently architecture at the Graduate School of Design, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, under ...

Article

Katsuyoshi Arai

Japanese architect and writer. He studied ancient Japanese architecture under Chūta Itō at Tokyo Imperial University; he graduated in 1920 and in that year he founded the Japan Secession Group together with other students from the university including Mamoru Yamada. This was the first movement in support of modern architecture in Japan and its members were greatly influenced by Expressionism. In ...

Article

Kazuhiko Namba

Japanese architect, teacher and writer. He graduated in architecture from the University of Tokyo (1944) and from 1944 to 1946 he worked in the office of Junzō Sakakura. He was then appointed as a lecturer in architecture at the University of Tokyo, became a professor and continued to teach there until his death. One of Ikebe’s principal interests was industrialization and modular coordination in building, particularly in housing. Influenced by Le Corbusier’s ‘Le Modulor’, he developed a new modular system, ‘GM module’, based on the number two. Another prime interest was housing design; he designed about 100 private houses but no large-scale housing complexes because he believed the Japanese building industry was not yet sufficiently well organized to produce good-quality work at that scale. Examples of his residential designs include a series of experimental minimalist houses (...