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Article

Ai Xuan  

Chinese, 11th century, male.

Born in Nanjing.

Painter. Flowers, animals.

Ai Xuan specialised in flowers and birds and was a member of the academy of painting during the reign of Emperor Shenzong (1068-1085).

Beijing (NM): Aubergines and Cabbages (signed work)

Article

Aimi  

Japanese, 9th – 10th century, male.

Active in Kyoto 9th-10th century.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Aimi was the son and pupil of Kose no Kanaoka, the founder of the Kose school, and a member of the imperial bureau of painting. Like his father he painted mainly Buddhist subjects as well as imaginary scenes....

Article

Arihisa  

Japanese, 14th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects, figures.

Kose no Arihisa was the third son of Kose no Ariyuku and held important positions at court. His works include the portrait of two Mandarins and an image of Benzaiten, Goddess of Fortune. He worked at the temple of Kyoogokokuji in Kyoto between ...

Article

Ariie  

Japanese, 14th century, male.

Activec.1321-1324.

Painter.

According to Brinkley, Ariie lived in Genko and was the son of Kose Mitsuyasu of Kyoto. His works include two handscrolls Gyogi-engi (Story of the Korean priest Gyogi) and Jizo-engi (Miracle of the Bodhisattva Jizo), as well as sixteen hanging scrolls of ...

Article

Ariyasu  

Japanese, 14th century, male.

Active in Kyotoc.1326-1334.

Painter.

Kose School.

Ariyasu was the second son of Kose no Mitsuyasu.

Article

Korean, 6th century, male.

Active in Japan from 597.

Painter.

Prince Asa was the son of the King of Paekche (Kudara in Japanese) and went to Japan in 597 during the reign of Empress Suiko. A portrait in Chinese style was formerly attributed to him. It represents Prince Shotoku (who lived from 573 to 622) and his two sons (Princes Eguri and Yamashiro). The source of the attribution is the biography of Prince Shokotu compiled by the monk Kenshin of the Horyu temple. However, the figures portrayed in the painting show similarities with the Chommmoryujo byobu (Screen with Beauty beneath a Tree) in the Shoso-in, Nara, and the murals in the tomb of the Tang Crown Prince Yide (706). The portrait of Prince Shokotu in fact dates from the 8th century and its attribution to Prince Asa is simply legend. The painting was in the Horyuji Yamato temple and belongs to the Imperial Family....

Article

Chinese, 14th century, male.

Active in Sichuan Provincec.1356.

Painter. Landscapes, flowers, animals.

Bencheng was a priest. Among his known works is Cabbage, Sparrows and Insects, preserved in Japan and signed and dated 1356.

Article

Chinese, 15th century, male.

Active during the Ming dynasty (1368-1644).

Painter. Flowers, fruit, birds.

Bian Chushan was the second son of the painter Bian Wenjin.

Article

Chinese, 8th – 9th century, male.

Active at the court of Chang’anc.785-802.

Painter.

Bian Luan was a painter of the Tang dynasty and the most important bird painter of his generation. All that remains of his work is one signed album leaf, Dove on a Branch...

Article

Chinese, 15th century, male.

Active at the beginning of the 15th century.

Born in Shaxian (Fujian).

Painter.

Bian Wenjin was a painter at the court of two successive emperors at the beginning of the 15th century: Yongle (1403-1424) and Xuande (1426-1435). His work is a good illustration of the weaknesses of court painting during the Ming dynasty (...