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Article

T. I. Zeymal’

Buddhist monastery of the 7th century ad to first half of the 8th, in the valley of the Vakhsh River, 12 km east of Kurgan-Tyube, southern Tajikistan. During this early medieval period it belonged to Vakhsh (U-sha in Chinese sources), one of the 27 domains of Tokharistan. Excavations between ...

Article

Stephen Hill

English archaeologist and architectural historian. The first woman to achieve a first-class honours in modern history at Oxford University, she travelled widely in Europe, Japan and especially the Middle East in the 1890s, achieving fluency in a number of European languages as well as in Persian, Turkish and Arabic. She developed an interest in archaeology and architecture that was reflected in an authoritative set of articles on the Early Byzantine churches of Syria and southern Turkey, based on her travels in ...

Article

Chinese, 14th century, male.

Active c. 1280-1329.

Born in Yongjia (Zhejiang).

Painter.

Wang Zhen Peng was an architect as well as a painter of architecture. He was well-known for his jiehua (fine-line, highly detailed architectural drawing). He also painted landscapes. He was very much appreciated by the emperor Renzong (...

Article

Chinese, 14th century, male.

Active c. 1350-1370.

Born in Tiantai (Zhejiang).

Painter.

Wei Jiuding painted landscapes in the style of Wang Zhenpeng. He practised jiehua (fine-line, highly detailed architectural drawing).

Article

Chinese, 10th century, male.

Active in Nanjing.

Painter. Figures, scenes with figures, genre scenes, landscapes, architectural views.

Wei Xian was a court painter under the Southern Tang dynasty (923-936), during the period of the Five Dynasties. He specialised in houses, trees and figures. The Palace Museum in Beijing has in its collection a work in ink on silk, attributed to him but of a later date, entitled ...

Article

Chinese, 7th century, male.

Active during the Tang dynasty.

Born c. 600, in Wannian (Shenxi); died 673.

Painter.

Yan Liben was a senior official, painter and architect who worked at the Tang capital, Chang’an. Along with his brother Yan Lide, he was one of the towering figures of Tang civilisation, that great dynasty whose influence would be felt for centuries. He was born into a family from the grand aristocracy. His mother was a Zhou princess and his father, Yan Bi, a celebrated painter and architect during the Northern Zhou and Sui dynasties who, as president of imperial works under Emperor Yangdi (605-617), had directed a number of works including the construction of the Grand Canal and the restoration of the Great Wall. He would hand on his skills and knowledge to his sons Liben and Lide. Lide, in fact, would in turn become minister of public works and build palaces, fortifications and imperial tombs, which he would adorn with paintings....

Article

Chinese, 12th century, male.

Active during the first half of the 12th century.

Born in Dongwu (Shandong).

Painter. Local scenes, river landscapes, architectural views.

Zhang Zeduan was known as a painter of architecture, and especially liked boats and carts, markets and bridges, moats and paths, as the colophon to his famous handscroll ...

Article

Chinese, 12th century, male.

Active in Kaifeng (Henan) then Hangzhou (Zhejiang).

Born c. 1120; died c. 1182.

Painter. History painting, scenes with figures, genre scenes, landscapes, architectural views.

Zhao Boju was a descendant of the first Song emperor and the son of the well-known painter Zhao Lingrang. He initially worked at the imperial painting academy in Kaifeng before moving to Hangzhou, where he became the favourite artist of Emperor Gaozong (...