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Article

Elizabeth F. Bennett

Chinese calligrapher, minor painter and seal-carver. He passed the civil service examination to become a jinshi in 1789. He then had a series of official posts, serving on the Board of Justice, as an examiner and as a prefectural magistrate first at Huizhou in Guangdong Province and then at Yangzhou in Jiangsu Province. Yi is generally recognized as a leading figure in the stele studies (...

Article

Madeleine Rocher-Jauneau

French sculptor. He was the son of a silk merchant and trained under the painter Donat Nonotte at the Ecole Royale de Dessin in Lyon. He then worked with the local sculptor Barthélemy Blaise (1738–1819). In 1772 he assisted Blaise with the restoration of the sculptures on the façade of the Hôtel de Ville. By ...

Article

Norihisa Mizuta

Japanese seal-carver and calligrapher. The Ikenaga were a powerful provincial family in Odawara, Sagami Province (now Kanagawa Prefect.). In 1593 they moved to Edo, where they ran a pharmacy as well as being the head family of their residential district. Dōun was adopted into the Ikenaga family and became its fifth-generation head. He enjoyed learning from an early age and studied with ...

Article

Ju-Hsi Chou

Chinese painter, calligrapher, seal-carver, collector and poet. The son of a minor official in charge of local education, Gao developed an interest in poetry, painting and seal-carving in his early youth, when he also began to collect old seals and inkstones. The great poet Wang Shizhen took a liking to him and left instructions before his death that Gao be admitted into the ranks of his disciples. A relative of the poet, ...

Article

Y. de la Genardière

French sculptor. He began his career as a self-taught wood-carver, going on in 1813 to study sculpture in Lyon with Joseph Chinard and then with Joseph-Charles Marin. In 1817 he entered the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris as a pupil of François-Frédéric Lemot. He first exhibited at the Salon in ...

Article

Fuyo  

Japanese, 18th century, male.

Born 1722; died 1784, in Tokyo.

Painter.

Nanga (literati) school.

Fuyo was a Nanga style landscape painter who is also known as a seal carver. He lived in Kyoto and was a friend of the Ike family of painters.

Article

Norihisa Mizuta

Japanese seal-carver and scholar. He was the son of a doctor, Yūken; he studied at the private school of the official physician to the Tokugawa shogunate, Takeda Chōshun’in, but eventually abandoned his studies and went to Kyoto to pursue a career in the arts. The name Fuyō is taken from Fuyōhō (Lotus Peak), the sobriquet of Mt Fuji (its shape is said to resemble a lotus bud). His studio name, Kantankyo, also means ‘lotus’. Kō seems to have been an abbreviation of his wife’s clan name, Kondō. In middle age, he apparently changed his name a number of times, possibly because of his indirect connection with the activities of his fellow-villager Yamagata Daini (...

Article

Genkei  

Japanese, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1648, in Kyoto; died 1710.

Sculptor, monk.

After having been a sculptor of Buddhist statues in Kyoto, Genkei became a monk in 1669, at the age of 21, and a disciple of Tetsugen Zenji. He then went on a long preaching tour of Japan during which he conceived the vast project of carving statues of the Rakan (the Arhats, or disciples of the Buddha). He went to Edo (now Tokyo) to seek the assistance of Tetsugyu Osho, a priest of the Gufuku-ji at Ushima, through whose good offices he was permitted to stay at the monastery attached to the Senso-ji (Asakusa-dera) at Edo. There, at the beginning of the Genroku period (...

Article

Chinese, 18th century, male.

Activec.1775.

Born in Yangzhou (Jiangsu).

Painter. Figures, landscapes, flowers.

Guan Xining was a scholar, seal carver and calligrapher as well as a painter. Several of his works have survived.

Article

Chinese, 18th century, male.

Active in Hangzhou (Zhejiang).

Born 1744; died 1801.

Painter. Landscapes, flowers.

Huang Yi was also an archaeologist and an eminent seal carver.

Boston (MFA): Bay Surrounded on Three Sides by Mountains (small handscroll, seal of Huang Yi);Winter Landscape...