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Annie Scottez-De Wambrechies

French painter, draughtsman, sculptor, medallist and writer. He first trained under Claude Arnulphy at Aix, leaving for Rome c. 1761. He remained in Italy for ten years, studying the works of Raphael and other Old Masters (see fig.) as well as Polidoro da Caravaggio, whose monochrome frescoes Gibelin later imitated in France. In ...

Article

Pascal Griener

French sculptor and writer. He worked for a goldsmith in Paris before devoting himself to sculpture, in which he was self-taught. Thanks to an allowance from an uncle who had adopted him, he was able to study sculpture in Italy in the early 1780s; there he struck up a friendship with Jacques-Louis David. On his return he was approved (...

Article

M. J. C. Otten

Dutch etcher, draughtsman, painter, sculptor, medallist and writer. He is best known for his political caricatures of Louis XIV of France and for his prints glorifying William III, Stadholder of the Netherlands and King of England. De Hooghe is an important representative of the late Dutch Baroque. His style is characterized by strong contrasts of lights and darks and an expressive composition. In his prints he combined contemporary personalities with allegorical figures. His prints are numerous, but few of his drawings survive and his paintings are rarer still. De Hooghe’s first commission for an etching probably came from ...

Article

Elaine Evans Dee

French designer, architect and goldsmith. He was apprenticed to his father Etienne Meissonnier, a sculptor and silversmith of some importance, before making his way to Paris, arriving in 1714. He worked there as a die-cutter and medallist, progressing through the ranks of the metalworkers’ guild. He was variously described as a chaser, a designer and, in ...

Article

Christiaan Schuckman

Dutch painter, etcher, mezzotint engraver, draughtsman, instrument maker, modeller, goldsmith, shipbuilder and writer. According to Nagler, Silo worked as a master shipbuilder and sea captain until he was 30, but by c. 1694 or shortly after he had learnt how to paint from Theodor van Pee (...

Article

J.-P. Mouilleseaux

French painter, draughtsman and critic. He first trained with the medallist André Lavau (d 1808) in Bordeaux. He then left for Paris; in 1764 he entered Joseph-Marie Vien’s studio and chose to become a history painter, but he had little success with the Académie Royale. He travelled to Rome in ...

Article

Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1676, in Florence; died after 1740.

Painter, architect, sculptor, medallist, writer.

Girolamo Ticciati produced many statues for churches in Florence, as well as funeral monuments and busts.

Article

Alexander Kader

Italian sculptor, architect, medallist and writer. He was a pupil of Giovanni Battista Foggini in Florence and, like many of his contemporaries, studied at the Tuscan Accademia Granducale in Rome. His earliest surviving works are bronze medals: Giulio Benedetto Lorenzini (1701) and Lorenzo Bellini...

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Emma Packer

French metalworker and designer, active in England. He was one of the most influential ironworkers in England in the late 17th century and the early 18th. He arrived in England in 1689 as a Huguenot refugee, and there is no record of work by him in either France or in the Netherlands. His work is notable for its extravagant use of modelled leafwork, elaborate repoussé decoration that dominates the forged work and his fondness for such motifs as masks, acanthus leaves, swags and scrollwork. Many of his designs were based on the work of Daniel Marot I. Tijou is also credited with introducing interlaced monograms, a device used by English locksmiths, into English ironwork....