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Annie Scottez-De Wambrechies

French painter, draughtsman, sculptor, medallist and writer. He first trained under Claude Arnulphy at Aix, leaving for Rome c. 1761. He remained in Italy for ten years, studying the works of Raphael and other Old Masters (see fig.) as well as Polidoro da Caravaggio, whose monochrome frescoes Gibelin later imitated in France. In ...

Article

Pascal Griener

French sculptor and writer. He worked for a goldsmith in Paris before devoting himself to sculpture, in which he was self-taught. Thanks to an allowance from an uncle who had adopted him, he was able to study sculpture in Italy in the early 1780s; there he struck up a friendship with Jacques-Louis David. On his return he was approved (...

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Elaine Evans Dee

French designer, architect and goldsmith. He was apprenticed to his father Etienne Meissonnier, a sculptor and silversmith of some importance, before making his way to Paris, arriving in 1714. He worked there as a die-cutter and medallist, progressing through the ranks of the metalworkers’ guild. He was variously described as a chaser, a designer and, in ...

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J.-P. Mouilleseaux

French painter, draughtsman and critic. He first trained with the medallist André Lavau (d 1808) in Bordeaux. He then left for Paris; in 1764 he entered Joseph-Marie Vien’s studio and chose to become a history painter, but he had little success with the Académie Royale. He travelled to Rome in ...

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Emma Packer

French metalworker and designer, active in England. He was one of the most influential ironworkers in England in the late 17th century and the early 18th. He arrived in England in 1689 as a Huguenot refugee, and there is no record of work by him in either France or in the Netherlands. His work is notable for its extravagant use of modelled leafwork, elaborate repoussé decoration that dominates the forged work and his fondness for such motifs as masks, acanthus leaves, swags and scrollwork. Many of his designs were based on the work of Daniel Marot I. Tijou is also credited with introducing interlaced monograms, a device used by English locksmiths, into English ironwork....