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Graham Reynolds

Swedish miniature painter, active in England. He was first apprenticed to a goldsmith and jeweller in Stockholm. He became adept at miniature painting in enamel, a method that had been introduced into Sweden by Pierre Signac (d 1684), and he is said to have studied the enamels of Jean Petitot I and Jacques Bordier (...


Gordon Campbell

English jeweller, clockmaker, toymaker and maker of automata. In 1745 he established himself in Fleet Street a goldsmith, jeweller, and toyman; 1756 he entered into partnership with Edward Grace and moved to 103 Shoe Lane. The business went bankrupt in 1758, but when Cox was discharged from bankruptcy in ...


Philip Attwood

British medallist of German birth. Trained as a jeweller, he arrived in England in 1691 and learnt the art of die-engraving. He became assistant engraver at the Royal Mint, London, in 1697, the year in which he executed a silver and bronze medal for William III symbolizing the ...


Fabian Stein

German goldsmith and jeweller. He was one of the most famous goldsmiths of his time, and almost all his works are in the Grünes Gewölbe, Dresden. After his training in Ulm he travelled as a journeyman to Augsburg, Nuremberg and Vienna. He is first recorded in Dresden in ...


Richard Riddell

English firm of goldsmiths and Jewellers. The firm was founded by George Wickes c. 1730 and taken over by Parker & Wakelin after his retirement in 1760. Robert Garrard (i) (1758–1818), who was not a working silversmith but had been made a freeman of the Grocers’ Company of London in ...


Georg Germann, Melissa Ragain and Pippa Shirley

Term applied to a style of architecture and the decorative arts inspired by the Gothic architecture of medieval Europe. It has been particularly widely applied to churches but has also been used to describe castellated mansions, collegiate buildings, and houses. The Gothic Revival has also been described by many scholars as a movement, rather than style, for in the mid-19th century it was associated with and propagated by religious and political faith. From a hesitant start in the mid-18th century in England and Scotland, in the 19th century it became one of the principal styles of building throughout the world and continued in some huge projects until well into the 20th century (e.g. ...


Emma Packer

English goldsmith. In 1738 he was apprenticed to the Huguenot goldsmith Peter Archambo. He first entered a mark at Goldsmiths’ Hall, London, in 1745, when he gave his address as Piccadilly, London, and became a freeman of the Goldsmiths’ Company in 1746. Some of Heming’s work is distinctly French in character, and this may be due to the influence of Archambo, seen for example in a pair of Neo-classical candlesticks (...


French, 18th century, male.

Born at the beginning of the 18th century, in Strasbourg.

Engraver, medallist, gem cutter.

Jean Muller was active in Paris in 1752 and was also known as a gem cutter.


American, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1 January 1735, in Boston (Massachusetts); died 10 May 1818, in Boston.

Engraver (burin), jeweller, goldsmith.

Paul Revere learned the art of gold and silversmithing from his father. He also studied copper plate engraving and produced illustrations for books and magazines. He distinguished himself in the American War of Independence, and is remembered for an engraved plaque he made on this subject after Henry Pelham....


English firm of goldsmiths and Jewellers. This celebrated business was probably founded by Henry Hurt (bapt 1697; d 1785), who became a freeman of the Clockmakers’ Company, London, on 3 April 1721. The date of establishment is thought to be 1724–5, as, at that time, Hurt took possession of premises, known from ...