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Article

Amandus  

9th century, male.

Miniaturist.

Identified in the dedication to the Vivian Bible (now preserved in Paris) as a co-illustrator along with Sigvaldus and Aregarius.

Article

Columba  

Italian, 6th century, male.

Born c. 520; died 597.

Illuminator, calligrapher.

Lombard School.

Attributed to him is the magnificent volume known as the Gospel of St Columkille or The Durrow Book, preserved in Trinity College, Dublin.

Dublin (Trinity College Library): Gospel of St Columkille (The Durrow Book)...

Article

Erluin  

French, 9th century, male.

Active in Tours.

Miniaturist.

This artist illustrated religious books.

Article

8th century, male.

Calligrapher, illuminator.

In 781 or 782 Godescalcus wrote and painted the Gospel of Charlemagne now in the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris. It consists of extracts from the gospels for a whole year, and opens with a large miniature and several illuminations. This work was ordered for the baptism of Charlemagne's son Pepin in Rome in 781. The Capella Palatina was one of the principal centres of illumination at this period. This gospel marks a stage in the Carolingian Renaissance, deriving as it does from the art of Byzantium, but including decorated initials in the Irish style and a Christ in Majesty which shows Lombard influence....

Article

French, 8th century, female.

Illuminator, copyist.

Working with her sister Renilde, Harlinde illuminated a Gospel Book that was discovered by Martène in the sacristy of the church of Maes-Eyck. They were the daughters of Allard, Seigneur of Denain, and were educated at the convent of Valenciennes. In 714 they left home to found a convent on the banks of the Meuse, where they devoted their lives to prayer and the illumination of religious books. The Gospel Book referred to above was exhibited at the Brussels Exhibition of ...

Article

9th century, male.

Calligrapher, illuminator.

Johannes wrote and illuminated a work called Gregori Moraha, libre 28-35, now in Monte Cassino.

Article

Mulling  

Irish, 8th century, male.

Active in the second half of the 8th century.

Illuminator.

Anglo-Irish School.

Mulling copied and illuminated a Gospel in which three Evangelists are painted in a very stylised and rigid manner.

Article

German, 9th century, male.

Born 776, in Mainz; died 856, in Mainz.

Miniaturist, poet.

A pupil of Alcuin and a monk in Fulda, Rabanus later became Archbishop of Mainz. He illustrated his books with dedications and symbolic paintings in a primitive Christian style.

Article

Rabula  

6th century, male.

Activec.586.

Illuminator, calligrapher.

Rabula was a monk in the monastery of St John in Zagba (Mesopotamia). He is the author of a manuscript that has often been described, and is one of the most precious and ancient that has come down to us. Although Rabula's paintings, executed in pen with rather unsubtle colouring, are naturally primitive, they display surprisingly imaginative elements. In the composition of his ...

Article

Thomas  

German, 8th century, male.

Active in the second half of the 8th century.

Illuminator, calligrapher.

Thomas painted the miniatures and initials of a Gospel for Trier Cathedral in 775.