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Article

Mark Jones

French medallist, engraver and illustrator. He was first apprenticed to the medallist André Lavau (d 1808) and then attended the Académie de Peinture et de Sculpture in Bordeaux. In 1786 he travelled to Paris and entered the workshop of Nicolas-Marie Gatteaux. His first great success was a large, realistic and highly detailed medal representing the ...

Article

Elizabeth F. Bennett

Chinese calligrapher, minor painter and seal-carver. He passed the civil service examination to become a jinshi in 1789. He then had a series of official posts, serving on the Board of Justice, as an examiner and as a prefectural magistrate first at Huizhou in Guangdong Province and then at Yangzhou in Jiangsu Province. Yi is generally recognized as a leading figure in the stele studies (...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 3 March 1763, in Paris; died 19 April 1810, in Paris.

Sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator, painter. Religious subjects. Statues, busts, low reliefs.

Antoine Denis Chaudet studied under Jean-Baptiste Stouf and Étienne Gois. He was awarded the second Prix de Rome in ...

Article

Norihisa Mizuta

Japanese seal-carver and calligrapher. The Ikenaga were a powerful provincial family in Odawara, Sagami Province (now Kanagawa Prefect.). In 1593 they moved to Edo, where they ran a pharmacy as well as being the head family of their residential district. Dōun was adopted into the Ikenaga family and became its fifth-generation head. He enjoyed learning from an early age and studied with ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1749, in Versailles; died 1825, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, draughtsman (wash), engraver, decorative artist. Mythological subjects, allegorical subjects, historical portraits, hunting scenes, interiors with figures, gardens. Stage costumes and sets, furniture, designs for fabrics, frontispieces.

Dugourc's father, who was in the service of the Duke of Orléans, had a considerable fortune. Dugourc was permitted to attend the lessons taken by the Duke of Chartres (the future Philippe-Égalité), and at the age 15 left for Rome, attached to the embassy of the Count of Cani. From his infancy, he had shown an aptitude for drawing, perspective and architecture. However, the death of his mother, followed shortly after by the loss of his father's fortune, changed his life. From being an amateur, Dugourc became a professional artist, and executed paintings, sculptures and engravings. In a work published in ...

Article

Klaus Lankheit

German sculptor, stuccoist, draughtsman and illustrator. He was the most important sculptor active in Franconia and the Palatinate in the first half of the 18th century; nevertheless, although his very individual late Baroque sculpture, mostly carved in wood, was highly regarded by his contemporaries, he was quickly forgotten after his death. His rich oeuvre was severely depleted, particularly as a result of World War II. It was only after that date that his importance was reassessed. Egell probably served an apprenticeship with the Würzburg sculptor ...

Article

Ju-Hsi Chou

Chinese painter, calligrapher, seal-carver, collector and poet. The son of a minor official in charge of local education, Gao developed an interest in poetry, painting and seal-carving in his early youth, when he also began to collect old seals and inkstones. The great poet Wang Shizhen took a liking to him and left instructions before his death that Gao be admitted into the ranks of his disciples. A relative of the poet, ...

Article

Russian, 18th century, male.

Sculptor, engraver.

We know of his illustrations for two prayer-books which were printed in Chernikov in 1703. Fiertusky was a clergyman.

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 6 July 1755, in York; died 7 December 1826, in London.

Sculptor, watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator. Monuments, statues, low reliefs.

John Flaxman II enjoyed a reputation as one of the finest English sculptors of his age. The second son of the plaster-cast maker John Flaxman, he spent much of his childhood in his father's studio, drawing and modelling in wax or clay. He received a thorough grounding in Greek and Latin, and exhibited his first artistic work (a copy after an Antique original) with the Free Society of Artists in ...

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born c. 1759, in Mainz; died c. 1825, in Munich.

Sculptor, engraver, lithographer.

Christian Koeck studied with Houdon in Paris. After that, he worked mainly as an illustrator. During a trip to Russia, he received commissions for two busts of Tsar ...