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Article

Molly K. Dorkin

Paid adviser employed by collectors to recommend and facilitate the purchase of works of art. There is a long history of recruitment of art experts by wealthy patrons for advisery purposes. In the 18th century art historians such as Johann Joachim Winckelmann were actively advising leading collectors like ...

Article

Molly K. Dorkin

Prior to the 20th century, the attribution of works of art was not governed by rigid regulations, and art dealers and auctioneers assigned attributions based purely on aesthetic grounds. Works were attributed to the artist whose manner they most closely resembled, but they were not further distinguished on the basis of quality; as a result, many paintings purchased as Renaissance masterpieces in the 18th or 19th century have since been downgraded to studio works or even much later pastiches....

Article

Luca Leoncini

Italian doctor, scientist, scholar, art historian and antiquarian. He graduated in 1741 from Bologna University in philosophy and medicine and between 1743 and 1744 translated J. B. Winslow’s treatise on anatomy, Exposition anatomique de la structure du corps humain. From 1744 he served as doctor to Ludwig VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (...

Article

Simonetta Prosperi Valenti Rodinò

Italian historian, collector and writer. His special interests were the literature of Tuscany during the 14th and 15th centuries, medieval and contemporary art, sacred archaeology and ecclesiastical history. As a scholar of art he brought out (in 1730) a new edition of Raffaele Borghini...

Article

English art historian, connoisseur and dealer. He went to the Continent in 1781 to study art and married Juliana Talbot, sister of Charles Talbot, 15th Earl of Shrewsbury, on 7 June 1784. In London after 1790 he established himself as an authority on painting. In ...

Article

British writer and dealer. He first trained as a painter and subsequently became an engraver, but an eye injury forced him to turn to art criticism, journalism and dealing. He settled in London before 1792 but travelled extensively throughout Britain, promoting and publicizing the arts. Carey was well-known in artistic circles and was friendly with John Raphael Smith, Francesco Bartolozzi and Benjamin West PRA; he was among the first (...

Article

Danielle Rice

French amateur engraver, antiquarian, patron and writer. Born into an old aristocratic family, he enjoyed all of the privileges of his class, including a large private income, free time, access to artists and collectors, and mobility. He entered the army and distinguished himself in battle at an early age. In ...

Article

Nigel Glendinning

Spanish writer and collector. His early association with Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos was clearly of mutual benefit: Jovellanos learnt a great deal about art and collecting from Ceán, who was helped in his career as a minor civil servant by Jovellanos. As an amateur painter, Ceán acquired basic skills from ...

Article

Amal Asfour

French painter, writer and dealer. He began his artistic training in Dunkirk, continuing it in Antwerp. In Paris, Descamps frequented the studios of Nicolas Lancret and Nicolas de Largillierre and drew at the Académie Royale. He later settled in Rouen and gathered around him a circle of pupils to whom he taught drawing. By ...

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Catherine Monbeig Goguel

Italian art historian and collector. He was the son of the Florentine poet Odoardo Gabburri and of Virginia del Becuto. After receiving a good education in music, literature and languages, he studied painting under Onorio Marinari (1627–1715). In 1697 Gabburri married Camilla Bonacossi (...