Descriptive term applied to a style of decorative arts that was widely disseminated in Europe and the USA during the 1920s and 1930s. Derived from the style made popular by the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes held in Paris in 1925, the term has been used only since the late 1960s, when there was a revival of interest in the decorative arts of the early 20th century. Since then the term ‘Art Deco’ has been applied to a wide variety of works produced during the inter-war years, and even to those of the German Bauhaus. But Art Deco was essentially of French origin, and the term should, therefore, be applied only to French works and those from countries directly influenced by France....
French, 20th century, male.
Born 13 December 1875, in Dijon; died 30 November 1960, in Paris.
Sculptor, medallist, decorative artist. Mythological subjects, historical portraits, figures, animals. Monuments, low reliefs, groups, statues, medals.
Henri Louis Bouchard was the son of a carpenter and a seamstress. He studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Dijon before entering the studio of Barrias at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, where he was awarded the Grand Prix de Rome for sculpture in ...
Swiss, 20th century, male.
Active in France.
Born 20 March 1877, in Lancy (Geneva); died 7 June 1942.
Painter (lacquer), decorative designer, coppersmith, sculptor.
Jules John Dunand trained at the École des Arts Industriels in Geneva, along with the wood engraver François Louis Schmied, who would be his friend and collaborator for the rest of his life. Together, they went to work in Paris in 1897. Dunand was one of the artists employed to make groups of winged horses for the Pont Alexandre III, in readiness for the opening of the Exposition Universelle of 1900. He also managed to find time for his own work, and began exhibiting some quite conventional sculptures at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts....
French, 19th – 20th century, male.
Born 6 April 1860, in Ay; died 1945, in Paris.
Sculptor, glassmaker, worker in precious metals, decorative artist.
Art Nouveau, Art Deco.
René J. Lalique studied at the École des Arts Décoratifs. He gradually moved away from jewellery, an art which he nevertheless revolutionised, to become a master artist in glass in around ...