Decorative style of the late 19th century and the early 20th that flourished principally in Europe and the USA. Although it influenced painting and sculpture, its chief manifestations were in architecture and the decorative and graphic arts, the aspects on which this survey concentrates. It is characterized by sinuous, asymmetrical lines based on organic forms; in a broader sense it encompasses the geometrical and more abstract patterns and rhythms that were evolved as part of the general reaction to 19th-century historicism. There are wide variations in the style according to where it appeared and the materials that were employed....
Informal movement in architecture and the decorative arts that championed the unity of the arts, the experience of the individual craftsman, and the qualities of materials and construction in the work itself.
The Arts and Crafts Movement developed in the second half of the 19th century and lasted well into the 20th, drawing its support from progressive artists, architects and designers, philanthropists, amateurs, and middle-class women seeking work in the home. They set up small workshops apart from the world of industry, revived old techniques, and revered the humble household objects of pre-industrial times. The movement was strongest in the industrializing countries of northern Europe and in the USA, and it can best be understood as an unfocused reaction against industrialization. Although quixotic in its anti-industrialism, it was not unique; indeed it was only one among several late 19th-century reform movements, such as the Garden City movement, vegetarianism, and folksong revivals, that set the Romantic values of nature and folk culture against the artificiality of modern life....
French, 20th century, male.
Born 7 March 1912, in St-Étienne; died 5 December 1995, in Paris.
Painter, watercolourist, engraver, lithographer, illustrator, medallist. Wall decorations, designs for tapestries, designs for mosaics, designs for stained glass, frescoes, ceramics.
Jacques Despierre entered the studio of Lucien Simon at the École Nationale Superieur des Beaux-Arts in Paris in ...
Belgian, 20th century, male.
Born 1919, in Etterbeek (Brussels).
Painter, sculptor, medallist, ceramicist, draughtsman, decorative designer, illustrator. Designs for tapestries.
Roger Duterme studied at the Etterbeek school of industrial art and design, and the Academy of St Luke in Brussels, where he later taught drawing. He became director of the École des Arts in Ixelles. He made large decorative panels for the Pavillon du St-Siège at the ...
German, 19th century, male.
Born 19 November 1865, in Hamburg; died 11 June 1902, in Badenweiler.
Painter, decorative artist, illustrator, engraver, designer, ceramicist, textile designer. Portraits, landscapes, flowers. Designs for stained glass, designs for tapestries, ex-libris plates, advertising posters, fabrics, ceramics, metal objects, ironware, lamps, furniture, typefaces, jewellery, wallpaper...
Japanese potter, calligrapher and medallist. At an early age he taught himself seal-carving and calligraphy, for which he won a prize in 1904; soon after he became a commercial calligrapher and medallist. In 1915 he had his first experience of decorating pottery at a kiln in the district of Hokuriku. In ...
French, 20th century, male.
Born 17 October 1894, in Moras-en-Valloire (Drôme); died 17 March 1973, in Paris.
Painter (gouache), sculptor, medallist, potter, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, lithographer. Nudes, portraits, genre scenes, still-lifes, landscapes. Designs for tapestries.
After studying at the École Nationale des Arts Décoratifs in 1913, Maurice Louis Savin's artistic career was interrupted by World War I. He was invalided out of the army and awarded the Croix de Guerre, and then studied pottery for several months at the Sèvres factory. He became a friend of the Spanish ceramicist Artigas. He was intensely active during World War II, when, while continuing to paint and pot, he began to work in high-warp tapestry. He visited the Netherlands in 1945, Cairo in 1948, where he taught French tapestry at the city's school of fine art, and Italy in 1952....