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Article

Michèle Lavallée

Decorative style of the late 19th century and the early 20th that flourished principally in Europe and the USA. Although it influenced painting and sculpture, its chief manifestations were in architecture and the decorative and graphic arts, the aspects on which this survey concentrates. It is characterized by sinuous, asymmetrical lines based on organic forms; in a broader sense it encompasses the geometrical and more abstract patterns and rhythms that were evolved as part of the general reaction to 19th-century historicism. There are wide variations in the style according to where it appeared and the materials that were employed....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born February 1903, in Tunis; died 24 January 1978, in Aix-en-Provence.

Painter, architect, decorative designer, designer, poster artist. Wall decorations, stage costumes and sets, furniture, advertising art.

Art et Lumière.

Félix Tahar Marie Aublet was the son of the Orientalist painter Albert Aublet. He was brought up both in Neuilly, France, and in a Moorish palace in Tunis, where the family spent six months of the year. His second forename, Tahar, means 'blessed one' in Arabic. In ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Active in London.

Born 10 March 1903, in Braintree (Essex); died 21 November 1989, in Saffron Walden (Essex).

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, illustrator, printmaker, graphic designer. Military subjects, rustic scenes, landscapes, seascapes, harbour scenes, architectural views, church interiors. Decorative panels.

Edward Bawden studied at Cambridge School of Art ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1868, in Hamburg; died 27 February 1940, in Berlin.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, architect, designer, decorative artist, graphic designer. Posters, furniture, wallpaper, carpets, glassware, ceramics, table services, jewellery, silverwork, objets d'art, typefaces.

Jugendstil, functional school.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven), Deutscher Werkbund...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 29 October 1892, in Lyons; died 1956.

Painter, decorative designer, poster artist. Figure compositions.

Pierre de Belair studied with Adolphe Déchenaud, François Flameng and Jean Paul Laurens. He was a member of the Société Lyonnaise des Beaux-Arts and the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, where he exhibited between ...

Article

British, 20th century, female.

Born 13 May 1879, near London; died 7 April 1961, in Sussex.

Painter, engraver, illustrator, designer, graphic designer. Still-lifes, landscapes, portraits. Designs for wallpapers and fabrics, furniture, stage sets.

Bloomsbury Group, Omega Workshops, London Group, Euston Road School.

Vanessa Bell was the daughter of Sir Leslie Stephen, the sister of Virginia Woolf and the wife of the art historian Clive Bell. She started her training with the Royal Academician Sir Arthur Cope, and continued it at the Royal Academy of Art under the direction of the American portrait painter John Singer Sargent between 1900 and 1904....

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA.

Born 15 March 1883, in Stuttgart; died 29 May 1972, in New York.

Painter, sculptor, graphic designer, poster artist, illustrator, architect, designer, decorative artist. Designs for carpets, advertising art, furniture, lamps, wallpaper.

Jugendstil.

Deutscher Werkbund.

Lucian Bernhard studied painting at the Kunstakademie in Munich, but taught himself design. He was active in Berlin. In ...

Article

Gordon Campbell

American book-illustrator and designer of posters, typefaces and furniture. In 1893 Bradley began designing for Vogue magazine. He subsequently worked for Ladies’ Home Journal, and in 1901–2 published an influential series of eight articles on ‘The Bradley House’; the designs in these articles (and another three in ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 3 September 1878, in Strasbourg; died 18 April 1947, in Munich.

Painter, graphic designer, draughtsman, interior designer, illustrator, engraver (wood). Designs for tapestries, ex-libris plates, posters, designs (wallpaper/jewellery).

Jugendstil.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven). Darmstadt Artists' Colony.

Paul Bürck was apprenticed to a decorative painter in Munich, and was also able to attend the Kunstgewerbeschule (school of industrial art and design). He was one of the first artists to be invited to the Mathildenhöhe artists' colony in Darmstadt between ...

Article

Céelle  

French, 20th century, female.

Born 25 August 1929, in Paris.

Painter, engraver, draughtswoman (including ink), watercolourist, graphic designer. Scenes with figures, landscapes, urban landscapes, architectural views, seascapes, boats, still-lifes, cats, flowers. Wall decorations, designs for tapestries.

Céelle studied at the École des Arts Décoratifs and the École Estienne in Paris. She worked in advertising as a graphic artist. Her work as a graphic artist is evident in her acuity of line, and the rigour of her composition. She generally paints in greys and browns, although she has occasionally surprised with her subtle colours, especially in the years ...