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Article

Patrick Conner

English painter, engraver, draughtsman and museum official. The son of a coachbuilder, he was apprenticed to Julius Caesar Ibbetson before enrolling in 1784 at the Royal Academy Schools, London. In 1792 he accepted the post (previously declined by Ibbetson) of draughtsman to George, 1st Earl Macartney, on his embassy to China. As the embassy returned by inland waterway from Beijing to Canton, Alexander made detailed ...

Article

Japanese, 18th–19th century, male.

Born 1748, in Sukagawa; died 1822.

Painter, engraver (etching). Landscapes.

Yoga School.

Denzen Aodo belonged to the Yoga School, but studied Nanga painting under Gessen. He later became interested in Western painting. Aodo was a landscape painter who served Lord Matsudaira....

Article

Buncho  

Japanese, 18th century, male.

Active in Edo (now Tokyo) 1765-1780.

Born 1725; died 1794.

Print artist, painter. Portraits.

Buncho was a disciple of Ishikawa Yukimoto and he is undoubtedly the same artist sometimes referred to as a pupil of Ishigawa Kogen who belonged to the Ukiyo-e School. He studied at the Kano School. Like all of the artists of the Meiwa period (...

Article

Buzen  

Japanese, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in Osaka.

Born 1735 or 1737; died 1810 or 1812.

Painter, print artist.

Article

Choki  

Japanese, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active 1760-1800.

Painter, print artist. Portraits, genre scenes.

Choki was active in Edo (Tokyo) from 1773 to 1811. He was a pupil of Toriyama Sekien and illustrated his master’s books. His portraits, especially of women, are distinguished by the elegance of their drawing and their rich, harmonious colouring. An ukiyo-e artist, he could render a snowfall or a sultry, starlit night with equal lyricism: the influence of Sharaku and Haronubu, among others, can be discerned in his work. He is particularly famous for his portraits of beautiful women in bust form, a new genre in about ...

Article

Choki  

Japanese, 18th century, male.

Active 1715-1750.

Painter, print artist.

Choki was a gifted disciple and perhaps the son of Miyagawa Choshun (1683-1753). He is known for his pictures of beautiful women, whom he endows with feline qualities. His pictures mark an advance in comparison with those of his master. He has no connection with Eishosai Choki....

Article

Brenda G. Jordan

Japanese painter and woodblock-print designer. He is thought to have studied under Toriyama Sekien (1712–88), the teacher of Kitagawa Utamaro. Chōki specialized in compositions of beautiful women (bijinga), sometimes with little or no background but more often with atmospheric backgrounds in which there is a limited sense of depth. He was influenced by Utamaro, Torii Kiyonaga (...

Article

Eiri  

Japanese, 18th – 19th century, male.

Activec.1795-1800.

Painter, print artist.

Chokyosai Eiri is not to be confused with Rekisentei Eiri, as established by Lane. He was a pupil of Hosoda Eishi. Only a few works by this artist are known to us: some very fine okubi-e (large-scale portraits) of beautiful women ( ...

Article

Eiri  

Japanese, 18th century, male.

Activec.1790.

Painter, print artist. Figure compositions.

Rekisentei Eiri designed ukiyo-e prints. He was a pupil of Hosoda Eishi but only retained his master’s taste for delicate women. In a further departure from normal practice, something of a romantic feeling shows through in the prints in which he depicts lovers in Japanese erotic style....

Article

Eishi  

Japanese, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1756, in Edo (now Tokyo); died 1829, in 1815 according to some sources.

Painter, print artist.

Eishi was a samurai descended from a military family, and a member of the personal entourage of the shogun. He gave up all his official duties to devote himself to his art. He was probably a disciple of Utamaro (...