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Russian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Germany from 1921.

Born 13 or 26 March 1864, in Torzhok, or in Tver according to some sources; died 15 March 1941, in Wiesbaden.

Painter. Figures, landscapes, still-lifes.

Groups: Der Blaue Reiter, Die Blauen Vier.

The son of an aristocratic landowner, Jawlensky entered military school in Moscow in 1877. His first contact with painting was in 1880 at the time of the Universal Exhibition in Moscow. From that time he began to visit the Tretiakov Gallery every Sunday and to make sketches. In 1884, he was appointed an officer of the Imperial Guard in Moscow and also began to discover French art in the home of the Botkin family. He obtained a transfer to St Petersburg in 1889 so that he could attend classes at the academy of fine art there, studying particularly with Repin who introduced him into artistic circles. In 1891 he met Marianne von Werefkin. Unsatisfied with the teaching that he was receiving, he resigned from the army and left for Munich in 1896 where he was joined by Marianne von Werefkin and her lady companion. They enrolled in the private academy set up by Anton Azbé, and were joined there by Kandinsky the following year. In 1902 Jawlensky decided to work on his own. He exhibited for the first time at the ...

Article

Austrian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active from 1933 and naturalised in the USA.

Born 13 September 1874, in Vienna; died 13 July 1951, in Los Angeles, USA.

Painter. Portraits.

Der Blaue Reiter group.

Arnold Schönberg was better known as a composer and conductor. He was also a painter, and was largely self-taught, although he learnt a few rudimentary techniques from Richard Gerstl. A Jew, Schönberg converted to Protestantism for a time to fit in with Viennese society, only to return, in a courageous act of defiance, to Judaism with the arrival of Nazi power in Germany. In ...