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Anna Moszynska

Term applied in its strictest sense to forms of 20th-century Western art that reject representation and have no starting- or finishing-point in nature. As distinct from processes of abstraction from nature or from objects (a recurring tendency across many cultures and periods that can be traced as far back as Palaeolithic cave painting), abstract art as a conscious aesthetic based on assumptions of self-sufficiency is a wholly modern phenomenon (...

Article

Russian painter, graphic artist, sculptor and designer of Ukrainian birth. He studied painting at the School of Art in Odessa (1901–7) under Kiriak Kostandi (1852–1921), at the same time attending classes in sculpture. In 1908–9 he made a series of pointillist paintings. He visited Vienna and Munich in ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1897, in Kozliv.

Painter. Figures, nudes.

In the 1920s, Sergei Arkhipov was influenced by Suprematism, and then by Constructivism. In 1938, he became a member of the Union of Artists. His works are housed in the most important Russian museums....

Article

V. Ya. Petrukhin

Russian archaeologist and art historian . He began studying archaeology at the Archaeological Institute in Petrograd (now St Petersburg) in 1921 and subsequently at the University in that city. He became a postgraduate student in 1926, then joined the staff of the State Academy for the History of Material Culture, where he studied aspects of Old Russian art, including the miniatures of the ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1938, in Cambrai.

Painter.

The main influences on the abstract painter Christian Belin are to be sought in the Neo-Plasticism of Mondrian, the Elementarism of Van Doesburg and in the suprematist works of Malevich. His explorations, based on the expressive power of paint in its pure state, are characterised by flat patches of colour and the abandoning of contrasting values in favour of the interaction of neighbouring colours. The colours are used in their raw form in generally simple geometric shapes. He frequently leaves virgin lines, or 'blanks', thus allowing colour the maximum freedom of space. His work is similar to the 'Hard Edge' movement made famous by Elsworth Kelly and Kenneth Nolland....

Article

Latvian, 20th century, male.

Born 25 June 1902, in Iucin or Vitebsk; died 4 March 1929, in Leningrad (now St Petersburg).

Painter, watercolourist, designer, architect.

Suprematism.

Unovis Group.

Ilya Chashnik spent his childhood in Vitebsk. From 1917-1919 he studied with Yuri (or Yehuda) Pen, then in ...

Article

Mikhail F. Kiselyov

Russian graphic artist, ceramicist, painter and designer. In 1896 he studied at the School of Drawing at the Society for the Encouragement of the Arts and in 1897 at Maria Tenisheva’s art school in St Petersburg, where he worked under Il’ya Repin until 1900. In ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Painter.

Constructivism, Suprematism.

Little is known of Ivan Chervinko's life, and only a few of his works are known to exist. He was a pupil of Kazimir Malevich and worked in his studio in Vitebsk.

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1904.

Painter.

Suprematism.

Lezar Hidekel was a pupil of Kazimir Malevich in Vitebsk and attended the Unovis school. In 1922 he left for Petrograd (now St Petersburg) with Malevich to work at GINKhUK (the state institute of culture). At the same time, he studied at the institute of civil engineering until ...

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1951, in Munich.

Painter, mixed media. Murals.

Horndash lives and works in Munich. He uses multiple forms of expression and combines cultural references from the Suprematism of Russian painter Kasimir Malevich to the Constructivism of Russian painter, sculptor and graphic artist Eliezer Markowich Lissitzky. Notably, he produces monumental murals on glass, painted from the block, and inscribes signs, scripts and geometric forms onto the vast surface....