Descriptive term applied to a style of decorative arts that was widely disseminated in Europe and the USA during the 1920s and 1930s. Derived from the style made popular by the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes held in Paris in 1925, the term has been used only since the late 1960s, when there was a revival of interest in the decorative arts of the early 20th century. Since then the term ‘Art Deco’ has been applied to a wide variety of works produced during the inter-war years, and even to those of the German Bauhaus. But Art Deco was essentially of French origin, and the term should, therefore, be applied only to French works and those from countries directly influenced by France....
French, 20th century, male.
Born 13 December 1875, in Dijon; died 30 November 1960, in Paris.
Sculptor, medallist, decorative artist. Mythological subjects, historical portraits, figures, animals. Monuments, low reliefs, groups, statues, medals.
Henri Louis Bouchard was the son of a carpenter and a seamstress. He studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Dijon before entering the studio of Barrias at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, where he was awarded the Grand Prix de Rome for sculpture in ...
French sculptor, metalworker, painter and designer, of Swiss birth. He trained as a sculptor from 1891 to 1896 at the Ecole des Arts Industriels in Geneva and in 1897 was awarded a scholarship by the city of Geneva that enabled him to continue his studies in Paris, where Jean Dampt, a sculptor from Burgundy, introduced him to the idea of producing designs for interior decoration and furnishing. Dunand worked on the winged horses on the bridge of Alexandre III in Paris (...
Swiss, 20th century, male.
Active in France.
Born 20 March 1877, in Lancy (Geneva); died 7 June 1942.
Painter (lacquer), decorative designer, coppersmith, sculptor.
Jules John Dunand trained at the École des Arts Industriels in Geneva, along with the wood engraver François Louis Schmied, who would be his friend and collaborator for the rest of his life. Together, they went to work in Paris in 1897. Dunand was one of the artists employed to make groups of winged horses for the Pont Alexandre III, in readiness for the opening of the Exposition Universelle of 1900. He also managed to find time for his own work, and began exhibiting some quite conventional sculptures at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts....
German, 20th century, male.
Born 16 May 1885, in Barth; died 23 December 1945, in Berlin.
Sculptor (bronze), medallist. Animals. Monuments (fountains).
Jugendstil, Art Deco.
Max Esser trained in wood sculpture at a young age and attended evening classes at the Kunstgewerbemuseum in Berlin. He was a pupil of, and assistant to, the animal sculptor August Gaul ...
German, 19th – 20th century, male.
Born 13 July 1873, in Neuhaus; died 1948, in Dresden.
Sculptor, medallist. Religious subjects, figures, animals. Funerary monuments, designs (porcelain).
Max Hermann Fritz was a student of Lorenz Hutschenreuther, and was active in Dresden from 1898. He carried out numerous sculptures for Hartau Church (including a ...
Danish silversmith and sculptor. He was the son of a blacksmith, and at the age of 14 he was apprenticed to the goldsmith A. Andersen in Copenhagen. In 1884 he became a journeyman and in 1887 he enrolled at the Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi, where he studied sculpture with ...
French jeweller, glassmaker and designer. He began his studies at the Lycée Turgot near Vincennes and after his father’s death (1876) he was apprenticed to the Parisian jeweller Louis Aucoq, where he learnt to mount precious stones. Unable to further his training in France, he went to London to study at Sydenham College, which specialized in the graphic arts. On his return to Paris in ...
French, 19th – 20th century, male.
Born 6 April 1860, in Ay; died 1945, in Paris.
Sculptor, glassmaker, worker in precious metals, decorative artist.
Art Nouveau, Art Deco.
René J. Lalique studied at the École des Arts Décoratifs. He gradually moved away from jewellery, an art which he nevertheless revolutionised, to become a master artist in glass in around ...
French, 20th century, male.
Born 1897, in Paris; died October 1945, in Paris.
Sculptor, worker in precious metals.
Union des Artistes Modernes group.
Puiforcat was a student of the sculptor Louis Lejeune and a founder member of the Union des Artistes Modernes. He produced gold and silver work in a minimalist style and revived the art of religious gold work. His sculptures include ...