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Kathleen James-Chakraborty

After the closure in 1933 of the Bauhaus in Berlin, its staff and students dispersed. Many found their way to the USA, where they became highly influential teachers as well as artists and architects. The pedagogical methods developed at the school, particularly in the preliminary course, became commonplace in all levels of art education, as the former centrality in America of life drawing to instruction in the visual arts was now challenged by experimentation with abstract principles of composition and the qualities of individual materials....

Article

Monica Bohm-Duchen

American painter, designer, photographer and typographer, of Austrian birth. After serving in the Austrian army (1917–18), Bayer studied architecture under Professor Schmidthammer in Linz in 1919 and in 1920 worked with the architect Emanuel Margold in Darmstadt. From 1921 to 1923 he attended the ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1904.

Draughtsman, designer.

Hin Bredendieck was an industrial designer and lived and worked in Atlanta. He studied in Stuttgart and Hamburg and was a student at the Bauhaus between 1927 and 1930. From 1937 to 1945, he was director of the foundation course at the New Bauhaus in Chicago....

Article

Anna Rowland

American furniture designer and architect of Hungarian birth. In 1920 he took up a scholarship at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste, Vienna, but he left almost immediately to find a job in an architect’s office. A few weeks later he enrolled at the Bauhaus at Weimar on the recommendation of the Hungarian architect Fred Forbat (...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1919, in New Orleans; died 1985.

Painter, sculptor.

Fritz Bultman studied at the New Orleans Art and Craft School and then at the New Bauhaus in Chicago from 1937 to 1938 and finally with Hans Hofmann in Provincetown from 1938 to 1940...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1899, in Canig, Germany; died 1985, in Reston (Virginia).

Painter, printmaker, collage artist. Still-lifes, landscapes.

After serving in the front lines during World War I, Werner Drewes was admitted to the Bauhaus in 1921 where he studied under Klee and Münch. A restless traveller across many continents, he emigrated with his family to the US when Hitler came to power. In New York, he took his place alongside Mondrian and Feininger in the group of American Abstract Artists. He taught at Columbia University, worked on the design of the Worlds Fair Building in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 11 June 1910, in Berlin; died 7 July 2011, in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Painter, photographer, teacher.

Portraits, abstractions, landscapes.

Bauhaus.

Son of Bauhaus instructor and artist Lyonel Feininger, T. Lux Feininger studied at the Bauhaus from 1926 to 1932. At just 16, he was the youngest student to matriculate. Feininger pursued painting with Josef Albers and Làszló Moholy-Nagy but had a special affinity for Oskar Schlemmer’s experimental theatre productions. Many of his photographs feature costumed actors and surreal masks from Schlemmer’s fanciful Modernist performances....

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 31 March 1911, in Madison (Wisconsin).

Sculptor, collage artist.

Marie Zoë Greene-Mercier studied at the New Bauhaus, founded in Chicago by Moholy-Nagy and Archipenko after their exile. The architectural quality of her abstract sculptures and her taste for group creations, as well as the way she incorporated her personal work in built ensembles, undoubtedly had their roots in her Bauhaus training. She also made collages, drawings and reliefs, sometimes published in multiples. She took part in a large number of group exhibitions from ...

Article

Gilbert Herbert

American architect, industrial designer and teacher of German birth. He was one of the most influential figures in the development of the Modern Movement, whose contribution lay as much in his work as theoretician and teacher as it did in his innovative architecture. The important buildings and projects in Gropius’s career—the early factories, the Bauhaus complex at Dessau (...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1929, in Chicago.

Painter.

Imagist Group.

June Leaf began her studies at the New Bauhaus Institute of Design in Chicago, but went to Paris after three months where she discovered primitive art, which left a deep impression on her. She finished her studies in Art Education at Roosevelt University in ...