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Iain Boyd Whyte

German architect, designer and painter. Progressing from painting and graphics to product design and architecture, Behrens achieved his greatest successes with his work for the Allgemeine Elektrizitäts-Gesellschaft (AEG), in which he reconciled the Prussian Classicist tradition with the demands of industrial fabrication.

After attending the Realgymnasium in Altona, he began his painting studies in ...

Article

Sixten Ringbom

Finnish painter, graphic artist and designer. He learnt the elements of drawing and painting in Helsinki at the School of the Finnish Arts Society and the studio of the painter Adolf von Becker (1831–1909).

His first significant painting, The Boy and the Crow...

Article

Ursula Zeller

German painter, draughtsman, and illustrator. He is particularly valued for his caustic caricatures, in which he used the reed pen with notable success. Although his paintings are not quite as significant as his graphic art, a number of them are, nonetheless, major works. He grew up in the provincial town of Stolp, Pomerania (now Słupsk, Poland), where he attended the Oberrealschule, until he was expelled for disobedience. From ...

Article

Ruth Rosengarten

Portuguese painter and printmaker. He was known primarily as a landscape painter, although the imagery of his graphic work is often fantastic and dream-like. The expressionism of his early paintings gave way in the 1940s and 1950s to a more sober style emphasizing the density and plasticity of the landscape in broad planes of earthy colours. At around the time of his first solo exhibition (...

Article

Dutch painter, printmaker, illustrator, writer and stained-glass artist. He trained at the Rijksakademie in Amsterdam (1886–90), under the directorship of August Allebé. Having initially painted and drawn Impressionistic landscapes, he started working in the ’t Gooi region in 1892, where, influenced by Vincent van Gogh and Jan Toorop, he made a number of Symbolist drawings and lithographs. In ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Painter.

Ichigooka Noriyoshi is influenced by both traditional Japanese painting and Abstract Expressionism. He creates vast calligraphic works playing on the transparency of his colours, where his gold and black respond to his red, turquoise or green. Perfectly mastered, the paint liberally covers the canvas. He showed work in a solo exhibition at the Orangerie de Bagatelle in Paris in ...

Article

Russian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1957, in Moscow.

Painter, graphic designer. Figures.

Maxim Kantor studied at the Polygraphic Institute in Moscow. He developed an Expressionist technique, using an exaggerated style of drawing and clashing colours. His prime theme is the sufferings of long-stay patients in psychiatric hospitals, a theme which he sees as a metaphor for the degradation of the human condition in the face of the absurdity of the modern world. He has exhibited frequently in Russia, the USA, Japan, and Germany. He exhibited at the Galerie Julia Tocaier in Paris in ...

Article

Russian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1948, in Moscow.

Painter.

Viktor Kazarin studied in Sokolov's studio. He graduated from the faculty of painting and graphic art in Moscow. He was one of the founders of Russian Neo-Expressionism. He uses a Tachiste technique that comes close to 'dripping'. His apparently abstract paintings often suggest figures drawn from reality, often animals, involving an element of guesswork, detection, deciphering in the style of a Rorshach test....

Article

German painter, printmaker, poster and stage designer. He attended the Kunstgewerbeschule in Hamburg (c. 1894), and art academies in Düsseldorf and Berlin (c. 1897). In the first decades of the 20th century he exhibited with the New Secessionists. He drew and painted still-lifes and figures in landscapes and interiors in a strongly Expressionist style, which revealed his admiration for Cubism and for the work of Ferdinand Hodler. He was an assiduous worker; besides paintings, woodcuts and lithographs, he designed stained-glass windows, mosaics (e.g. Kaiser Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche, Berlin), murals and painted ceilings. He also decorated the interiors of a number of Berlin theatres, as well as the Marmorhaus cinema (...

Article

Sergey Kuznetsov

Lithuanian draughtsman, printmaker and illustrator. He studied at the Lithuanian State Institute of Art in Vilnius (1952–8) and taught there from 1961. During the early 1950s his drawing was impressionistic, as in Portrait of My Wife (1959; artist’s estate). He was also a follower of German Expressionism, as represented by the group Die Brücke. Towards the 1960s he developed two different styles of illustration: the first consisted of flat, flowing lines, used mainly in linocuts; the second consisted of sculptural shapes expressed in woodcuts. Krasauskas gradually moved towards the embodiment of abstract ideas in his work and became interested in zincography. From the mid-1960s he used his linear style to indicate the masculine creative principle and the sculptural to indicate eternal life, the feminine principle. The unpublished series of linocuts illustrating the Song of Songs (...