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Anthony Parton

Group of second-generation Russian Symbolist artists active in Moscow between 1904 and 1908. The term derives from the title of an exhibition that they organized at premises in Myasnitsky Street, Moscow, in 1907. The group originated in Saratov, when in 1904 Pavel Kuznetsov and Pyotr Utkin (...

Article

Salme Sarajas-Korte

Finnish painter and designer. He was the leading figure in the generation of Finnish Symbolist artists that included Ellen Thesleff. After studying in Finland he travelled to Paris in 1891 and enrolled at the Académie Julian. He remained in Paris almost uninterruptedly until the spring of ...

Article

Francine-Claire Legrand

Belgian painter and designer. He studied at the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts in Brussels under Jean-François Portaels, and worked with the designer Cir Jacques. His early Symbolist work, influenced by Maurice Maeterlinck (1862–1949), expresses anguish through its depiction of wild-eyed and deformed figures. He described this as his ‘nightmare period’, exemplified by ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1895.

Born 1849, in Stuttgart, to English parents; died 1910.

Painter, watercolourist. Portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Post-Impressionism, Symbolism.

Louis Welden Hawkins studied with William Bouguereau, Gustave Boulanger and Jules Lefebvre at the Académie Julian in Paris; he later settled in Paris and became naturalised French in 1895. He was closely involved with the members of the Symbolist movement, including the painters Eugène Carrière, Puvis de Chavannes, the sculptor Auguste Rodin and the writers Stéphane Mallarmé, Laurent Tailhade, Paul Adam, Jean Lorrain and Robert de Montesquiou, and was at first a Symbolist painter. Subsequently, he began to use Impressionist techniques, striving to bring the two styles together. His portraits are inspired by Pre-Raphaelite work....

Article

Julius Kaplan

Belgian painter, illustrator, sculptor, designer, photographer and writer. He was one of the foremost Symbolist artists and active supporters of avant-garde art in late 19th-century Belgium. His wealthy family lived in Bruges from 1859 to 1864, moved to Brussels in 1865, where Khnopff remained until his death, and spent their summers at a country home in Fosset, in the Ardennes. Fosset inspired numerous landscapes that owe a strong debt to Barbizon-style realism (see ...

Article

Ukrainian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1842, in Mariupol'; died 24 July 1910, in St Petersburg.

Painter. Landscapes.

Symbolism.

Group: Peredvizhniki (Wanderers).

Archip Kuindshi was an impressionist landscape painter who was highly respected in Russia. He taught for many years at the Academy of Fine Art in Petrograd (now St Petersburg) and gave his name to an Art Society in the city. He painted landscapes, which were given a fantastic effect by the use of light. He often painted moonlit scenes....

Article

Kenneth Neal

French painter. He was a pupil of Jules-Elie Delaunay and Gustave Moreau at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris, and helped to popularize Symbolism in the 1890s by applying a highly finished academic technique to Symbolist subjects. His best-known paintings, which include Girl with a Peacock...

Article

Dutch painter, theorist, and draughtsman. His work marks the transition at the start of the 20th century from the Hague school and Symbolism to Neo-Impressionism and Cubism. His key position within the international avant-garde is determined by works produced after 1920. He set out his theory in the periodical of ...

Article

Russian painter, decorative artist and designer . She was a major Symbolist artist in Russia and played a significant role in the revival of folk traditions in Russian art in the late 19th century. She grew up in Moscow and studied (1885–8) under Yelena Polenova and ...