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Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1912, in Wuxi (Jiangsu).

Painter.

Cheng Ji taught for four years at St John’s University, Shanghai. In 1947, he went to the USA where he became a member of the American Watercolor Society. His realism, combined with his technical dexterity, brought him considerable success in Shanghai and the USA. Like many of his contemporaries he was much influenced by western painting, retaining his Chinese identity only by his choice of subjects and his signature....

Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Beijing and Dali (Yunnan Province), China.

Born 1963, in Handan, China.

Painter, printmaker.

Cynical Realism.

Part of the generation of artists who grew up in China during the Cultural Revolution (1966–1976), Fang Lijun graduated from the printmaking department at the Central Academy of Fine Arts in Beijing in ...

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1927, in Heibei.

Painter. Figures, genre scenes, landscapes, flowers.

Gao Chao was a member of the Chinese Artists Association. He taught at the Beijing Academy of Art. His painting was academic and realist and demonstrates a knowledge of Western art. He had a solo exhibition at the Cité internationale des Arts in Paris....

Article

Genkei  

Japanese, 18th century, male.

Active at the end of the 18th century.

Painter.

Genkei was a pupil of Shuseki (1639-1707). He lived in Nagasaki where he worked as an interpreter in Dutch. He belonged to what might be called the realist Nagasaki school....

Article

Hakyo  

Japanese, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1764; died 1826.

Painter.

Hakyo was a follower of Maruyama Okyo (1733-1795) and was a painter in the Maruyama Realist School started by Okyo. He specialised in flowers and birds.

Article

Hanko  

Japanese, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1870, in Tokyo; died 1917.

Painter. Portraits.

Hanko was a follower of Nabeta Gyokuei and an artist of the Shijo School, a Realist school founded by Goshun (1752-1811). He was a member of the Nihon Kaiga Kyokai (Japanese Painting Association) and the Nihon Bijustsu-in (Japanese Art Association), and was also director of the technical college in Toyama. He established his own style gradually and specialised in portraits. A lot of his work was done for magazines....

Article

Hu Kao  

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Painter, cartoonist.

A cartoonist in the Realist style, Hu Kao worked in Shanghai before leaving for Yenan during the second Sino-Japanese War.

Cartoon art has a very important place in 20th-century China as it is closely connected with the social upheaval the country underwent during this century. As a movement, cartoon art emerged in the 1930s, drawing inspiration at first from the novels of Lu Xun (...

Article

Ippo  

Japanese, 19th century, male.

Born 1798, in Osaka; died 2 January 1871.

Painter.

Ippo was the disciple of his adoptive father Mori Tetsuzan, and followed the Realist tendency of Maruyama Okyo (1733-1795) and his school. In 1854, after the fire at the imperial palace in Kyoto, he was summoned to decorate the sliding doors ( ...

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1910, in Jiangsu; died 1982.

Painter, engraver.

Jiang Feng was one of the young artists of the Realist School of the 1930s, whose art was closely associated with the Chinese Communist movement. Political commitment is especially perceptible in their wood engravings, stamped with a profound awareness of the poor conditions of the Chinese masses at the time. Although these works take their inspiration from Soviet Realism, they demonstrate more freedom, invention and vitality than their models. The works of Jiang Feng, in an Expressionist style with black predominating, celebrate political struggle....

Article

Katen  

Japanese, 18th century, male.

Born 1730, in Kyoto; died 1794.

Painter. Landscapes, flowers.

Katen belonged to the realist school of Nagasaki and mainly painted cherry trees in bloom. He seems also to have painted a portrait sold at auction in London.

London, 13 Nov 1989...