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French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1755, in Paris; died 24 January 1838, in Paris.

Painter. Genre scenes.

He was admitted into the Académie on 24 September 1785, and his painting The Naturalist earned him the title of Académicien on 7 June 1789. Among the works he exhibited at various Salons are ...

Article

Clare A. P. Willsdon

Scottish painter. He originally worked as a wigmaker. In the 1790s he produced topographical illustrations in Edinburgh and reputedly trained under David Allan and at the Trustees’ Academy. Turning to figure subjects c. 1800, he contributed to the development of Realism in Scottish genre. He evolved a frank but subtle style with a sensitive response to character and the nuances of light, seen in ...

Article

Italian painter. He trained first with Matteo Ponzoni, then with Sebastiano Mazzoni; Mazzoni encouraged the development of a Baroque style, but Celesti was also attracted by the naturalism of the tenebrists. The first known works by Celesti are mature in style, and he had already achieved considerable fame in Venice when the Doge ...

Article

British, 18th century, male.

Born 1746, in Alton (Hampshire); died 1799, in London.

Draughtsman.

William Curtis was a naturalist and drew for the sake of science.

Article

German, 18th century, male.

Born 1703, in Mannheim; died 1748, in Mannheim.

Painter. History painting, portraits.

Essentially an official portrait painter, he worked in Speyer and Mannheim. He displayed a certain realism, placing his subjects - sometimes dressed in a picturesque manner - under a very bold chiaroscuro....

Article

Ettore Spalletti

Italian sculptor and writer. He was among the foremost sculptors in Tuscany in the generation after Lorenzo Bartolini. His early experiments in naturalism attracted such hostile criticism that he was forced to abandon this style in favour of a sensual neo-Greek manner. His later works are marked by a richly expressive eclecticism....

Article

David Mannings

Term current in 18th-century England to describe contemporary genre pictures of a sentimental realism, in which the artist’s own whimsy played a substantial part. Samuel Johnson defined ‘fancy’ in his Dictionary of the English Language (1755) as a synonym for ‘imagination’ but also in the subsidiary senses of ‘taste’ and of ‘something that pleases and entertains’. The usual subjects for fancy pictures are children and young women represented life-size or slightly smaller, though the term, never used very precisely, has also been applied to landscape paintings having a predominant figural element of a sentimental nature. The keynote in fancy paintings is a sort of contrived innocence, sometimes with erotic overtones. In style and treatment, though not in mood, they were often inspired by the genre scenes and character studies of such 17th-century masters as Rembrandt and Murillo; analogous works by 18th-century French artists, most notably Chardin and Greuze, were also influential in the development of the type. The fancy picture is now most commonly associated with works of this kind by ...

Article

Genkei  

Japanese, 18th century, male.

Active at the end of the 18th century.

Painter.

Genkei was a pupil of Shuseki (1639-1707). He lived in Nagasaki where he worked as an interpreter in Dutch. He belonged to what might be called the realist Nagasaki school....

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Active in Paris.

Born c. 1754; died 13 April 1793, in Paris.

Sculptor.

Joseph Goutheinze worked on the Hôtel de Salm-Kyrbourg in Paris, which later became the Légion d'Honneur building. In 1789 he realised the designs for the decoration of the dining room at the Bourbon Palace after plans by the architect Leroy....

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born 19 June 1731, in Reugne; died 22 February 1801, in Rome.

Sculptor.

Guillaume Antoine Grandjaquet realised a statue in the church of St-Claude in Besançon.