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American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in the United States.

Born 7 January 1830 , in Solingen, near Düsseldorf; died 18 February 1902 , in New York.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator, photographer. Figures, local figures, landscapes with figures, landscapes, waterscapes, mountainscapes, urban landscapes, seascapes, animals, insects...

Article

Nancy Anderson

American painter of German birth. In a career spanning the entire second half of the 19th century, Bierstadt emerged as the first technically sophisticated artist to travel to the Far West of America, adapt European and Hudson River School prototypes to a new landscape and produce paintings powerful in their nationalistic and religious symbolism....

Article

Lauretta Dimmick

American painter. One of the most important visionary artists in late 19th-century America, Blakelock was self-taught as a painter. From 1867 he was exhibiting landscapes in the style of the Hudson River school at the National Academy of Design in New York. Rather than going abroad for advanced training, like most of his contemporaries, he spent the years ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 2 February 1814, in Boston; died 25 June 1889, in Malden (Massachusetts).

Painter, engraver (wood/copper). Genre scenes, landscapes, waterscapes.

Hudson River School.

Before going to Europe, where he studied in Paris and Florence, George Loring Brown illustrated children's books in Boston. He later returned to Boston and settled there in ...

Article

John Driscoll

American engraver, draughtsman and painter. At 15 he was apprenticed to the engraver Peter Maverick (1780–1871) and then to Asher B. Durand. Casilear and his brother George formed a business partnership that eventually developed into the American Bank Note Co., the principal private ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1796, in Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania); died 1872, in Jersey City (New Jersey).

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator, lithographer. Portraits, genre scenes, local scenes, hunting scenes, animals, landscapes.

Hudson River School.

George Catlin was educated as a lawyer and practised in Philadelphia for two years. He then turned to art study and became a portrait painter in New York City. In the 1820s he decided that he would make it his life's work to record the life and culture of American Indians living on the Plains and in ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born c. 1807 or 1808, in England; died 1866, in the USA.

Painter. Portraits, landscapes, seascapes.

Hudson River School.

Thomas Chambers arrived in the USA in 1832 and took American nationality. A painter of landscapes and portraits in the Naive style, he seems to have taken his inspiration from engravings of scenes of American life and he became well-known in New York in ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 4 May 1826 , in Hartford (Connecticut); died 7 April 1900 , in New York.

Painter. Landscapes.

Frederic Edwin Church studied under Thomas Cole in Catskill, New York, and was an admirer of J. M. W. Turner. Keeping New York as his base, he made many journeys that provided him with subjects for his painting. When he returned from South America in 1859, he exhibited a painting that caused quite a stir, ...

Article

Franklin Kelly

American painter. He was a leading representative of the second generation of the Hudson River school, who made an important contribution to American landscape painting in the 1850s and 1860s. The son of a wealthy and prominent businessman, he studied briefly in Hartford with two local artists, ...

Article

Lillian B. Miller

American businessman, collector, patron and dealer. He began collecting art in 1869 with paintings by American Hudson River school artists and conventional European works, Chinese porcelain, antique pottery and 17th- and 18th-century English furniture. By 1883 his taste had focused entirely on American works, especially on paintings by ...