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Article

Peruvian, 20th century, female.

Active in France.

Sculptor. Figures.

Margarita Caballero received her initial training in Peru and Mexico. She worked in clay, stoneware, resins and powdered metal, sculpting women and children in familiar everyday poses. She settled in France, in 1992 showing a set of sculptures in Perthes (Seine-et-Marne)....

Article

Colombian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active also active in France from 1989.

Born 1953, in Rivera.

Sculptor. Figures. Busts.

Raul Cortés Castaneda was one of sixteen children. A self-taught artist, he began by modelling figures and animals in clay and carving fruit kernels. He left his family to study drawing, ceramics and modelling when he was 16. In ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Active in Italy from 1905, naturalised Italian.

Born 19 February 1899, in Rosario de Santa Fé, to Italian parents; died 7 September 1968, in Comabbio (Varese).

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), watercolourist, sculptor, potter, draughtsman.

Spatialism.

Abstraction-Création group.

At the age of six, Lucio Fontana went to Italy with his parents, an Argentinian mother and his Italian father, Luigi Fontana, who was a funerary sculptor. It appears that he later went back to Argentina, only returning to Italy as a soldier during World War I. When the war was over he returned to Argentina and remained there from 1922 to 1927, working for a time in his father’s business before devoting himself entirely to sculpture and returning to Italy in 1927. In Milan, Fontana enrolled as a student of sculpture with Adolfo Wildt at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera and received his diploma in 1930. In 1934, with other artists, he founded the ...

Article

Brazilian, 20th century, female.

Born in Conquista.

Painter, sculptor, draughtswoman.

Maria Guilhermina's father, the ceramicist Joaquim Gonçalves was invited to collaborate on the construction of the new capital city of the state of Goias. Maria learned the basics of clay modelling from her mother. She studied under the German painter Udo Horst Knoff who had settled in Brazil and taught at the school of fine arts at Goias university. She also attended sculpture classes with Henning Gustav Ritter. In ...

Article

W. Iain Mackay

Peruvian painter, potter and sculptor. He had little formal education, but after training as a boxer in Lima he settled in Buenos Aires, where his interest in pottery led him to set up a workshop for the conservation of Pre-Columbian pottery and for the manufacture of pottery in the style of this period. He learnt to sculpt and studied painting under ...

Article

Brazilian, 20th century, female.

Sculptor, ceramicist.

In 1996, Georgia Kyriakakis took part in the 23rd São Paulo Biennale. Her fine, delicate ceramics evoke fallen leaves in their extreme fragility and the hand picking them up.

Farias, Agnaldo: ‘Brésil: petit manuel d'instructions’ in Art Press n° 221, periodical, Paris, February 1997....

Article

Cuban, 20th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 8 December 1902, in Sagua la Grande; died 11 September 1982, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), pastellist, watercolourist, draughtsman, sculptor, engraver, illustrator, lithographer, potter. Murals.

Surrealist group.

After a brief period at the Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes San Alejandro in Havana from 1918 to 1923, Lam went to Spain and remained there from 1924 to 1938, first in Madrid and later Barcelona. By 1938 Spain had been devastated by civil war and Lam was forced to move to Paris. Picasso became very fond of Lam and introduced him to André Breton, Max Ernst and Victor Brauner, among others. From 1938 to 1941, Lam participated in the activities of the surrealist group, particularly from 1940 when he found himself in Marseilles with the surrealists who had been driven out of Paris by the war and the invasion of France.In 1940 Lam illustrated Breton's ...

Article

Mexican, 20th century, male.

Painter, sculptor, potter.

Gabriel Macotela was a member of the revolutionary group Suma founded in the 1970s at the national school of fine arts and which decorated walls with graffiti.

He developed from 'street art' towards informal abstraction. His canvases, which are somewhere between painting and sculpture, are composed of a variety of planes with rough surfaces in ochre and earth tones....

Article

Brazilian, 20th century, female.

Born 1900, in Campanha; died 1973.

Sculptor, potter.

Maria Martins studied at the school of fine arts in Rio de Janeiro and took sculpture classes with Lipchitz. After starting a career as a pianist, Martins began woodcarving in 1926 during a trip around Ecuador. She married a diplomat and travelled widely. In Brussels in ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, female.

Active from 1948 in France.

Born 7 August 1918, in San Pedro (Buenos Aires); died 4 November 1982, near Dax, France, as the result of an accident.

Sculptor, potter. Architectural integration.

Alicia Penalba's father was a builder of railways in Latin American countries, which afforded her knowledge from her early childhood of deserts and tropical forests. She studied drawing and painting at the Escuela de Bellas Artes in Buenos Aires, winning prizes and bursaries. It was not until she arrived in Paris in 1948 that she decided to abandon painting for sculpture. She worked for three years in the studio of Zadkine at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière....