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Article

Ainu  

Hans Dieter Ölschleger

Peoples who once lived in northern Japan and are now restricted to the islands of Hokkaido (Japan), southern Sakhalin and the Kuril chain. The Ainu live in an area that has been influenced by Chinese, Siberian and especially Japanese culture. Until the 17th century, when the Ainu began to practise small-scale agriculture in south-western Hokkaido, they subsisted by fishing and hunter–gathering. Although the gradual Japanese colonization of Hokkaido had almost eradicated Ainu culture by the early 20th century, the post-war period has witnessed a revival of Ainu culture and language....

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Active also in France and Germany.

Born 1937, in Hiroshima.

Sculptor. Monuments.

In Tokyo, Hiromi Akiyama studied painting from 1954 to 1957, then sculpture until 1961. In 1966 he went to Paris, where he attended the École des Beaux-Arts until 1968...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1889, in Ibaragi; died 13 May 1970.

Sculptor.

Jiro Amenomiya studied at the Tokyo School of Fine Arts, where he graduated in 1923 and was awarded a prize. He was vice president of the Japan Sculptors Association.

1918, Cultural Department, Tokyo...

Article

Japanese, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1947.

Sculptor.

At the end of the 1980s, Yasuhiko Ando spent a long time in Stuttgart, Germany. During this same period he exhibited in Paris at the Salon Grands et Jeunes d’Aujourd’hui. His sculptures follow a horizontal plan, mingling abstract or metaphorical elements with precise representations, such as figures....

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1933, in Tokyo.

Sculptor.

Kinetic Art.

Hiroshi Aoki studied fine arts at Musashino University, Tokyo. He displayed his works in solo exhibitions in Tokyo in 1966 and 1967.

Article

Arnige  

Ian Alsop and Kashinath Tamot

Nepalese sculptor, architect, and painter who worked in Tibet and China. A Newar from the Kathmandu Valley, Anige is now honoured in his native land as Nepal’s most famous artist of early times. He left his home at the age of 17 or 18, joining the myriads of wandering Newar artists who served the courts of the great lamas and emperors of Tibet and China. He so impressed his patrons at the court of the Mongol Yuan dynasty (...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1883, in Oita; died 1964.

Sculptor. Animals.

Fumio Asakura studied at the Tokyo School of Fine Arts and later taught there for 24 years. In 1924 he was appointed to the Imperial Academy of Art and in 1948 was awarded the Order of Cultural Merit....

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1925, in Tokyo.

Sculptor. Portraits.

Kyoko Asakura was the son and pupil of Fumio Asakura. He exhibited at the Nitten , where he received three honourable mentions, as well as at the Tokyo Biennale and with Group 30 .

Article

Midori Yoshimoto

American sculptor, painter and draftsman. Asawa was born the fourth of seven children to Japanese immigrants and her childhood on a thriving truck farm formed her work ethic. During World War II, the Asawas were separated into different internment camps. At the Rohwer Relocation Center in Arkansas, Ruth was able to learn drawing from interned Japanese–American illustrators. In ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1915, in Tokyo.

Painter, sculptor.

Jiro Asazuma was educated and greatly influenced by the painter Saburo Hasegawa, a theoretician of Abstract art.