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Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in China and the United States.

Born 18 May 1957, in Beijing, China.

Artist, architect, designer, curator, publisher, activist.

After spending most of his childhood in the provinces of China, Ai Weiwei moved to Beijing in the mid-1970s to attend the city’s film academy. While there, he co-founded the first of the loose collectives of pro-democracy artists to emerge in the city, known as the Stars Group (...

Article

Celia Carrington Riely

(b Huating, Jiangsu Province [modern Songjiang, Shanghai Municipality], 16 Dec 1558; d 19 Oct 1639). Chinese editor, writer, calligrapher and painter. He exemplified the literati ideal of the accomplished gentleman–scholar who rejected the sordid world of political involvement and devoted himself to a life of literary, artistic and philosophical pursuit. At the age of 28, having passed the prefectural examination, the first important step leading to a career in government office, Chen renounced official life in a dramatic gesture, by burning his Confucian cap and gown. Thereafter he lived at country retreats at Kunshan and then Mt She, near Huating in Jiangsu Province: entertaining guests; writing and editing; composing the poems, prefaces, epitaphs and biographies for which he was in constant demand; and travelling to places of scenic beauty in the company of friends....

Article

Chinese, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1953.

Painter, sculptor. Portraits, still-lifes, landscapes.

or Zheng Zaidong

Cheng Tsai-tung trained in journalism before switching to painting. While technically fairly rudimentary, his work proceeds from a synthetic vision that he renders in large flat areas.

1984–1985, Taiwan New Painting...

Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1954, in Xinzhu, Taiwan.

Painter. Genre scenes, interiors with figures.

Fang Xun graduated in 1978 from the journalism department of the Chinese Culture University, Taipei, and then started her artistic career. In 1986, she began to take part in exhibitions and in ...

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1890, 1891 or 1893, in Wuxi (Zhejiang Province); died 1974 or 1977.

Painter. Local scenes, landscapes.

A traditional scholar and painter, He Tianjian taught in various art schools. He also edited two art journals Guohua yuekan (Chinese Painting), a monthly review, and ...

Article

LI Qun  

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1912, in Shanxi.

Wood engraver, illustrator.

Li Qun studied at the national art academy in Zhejiang (Hangzhou) and taught at the Lu Xun academy from 1940 to 1945. He founded the Hang Zhou journal The People’s Illustrated, was vice president of the Shanxi Literary Association and the China Woodcut Association, and then became honorary president of the China Etching Association....

Article

Juliann Wolfgram

Japanese print designer, painter, book illustrator and publisher. Although Masanobu’s artistic career spanned six decades, Edo-period (1600–1868) documents reveal little about his life. However, his prolific artistic output and technical innovations make him one of the leading figures of the early history of Japanese woodblock printing and ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1923, in Nagoya.

Engraver.

Nomura Hiroshi graduated from the imperial fine arts college and worked as a journalist until 1962. He became a member of the Japanese Engravers’ Association. His work was exhibited regularly at the International Print Biennale in Tokyo from ...

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1914, in Jixian (Henan).

Painter. Landscapes.

Qin Lingyun studied in the department of painting in the National Institute of Arts in Beijing. He was an editor at a Beijing publishing house for popular fine art editions, after which he became a traditional painter....

Article

Norihisa Mizuta

Japanese seal-carver, poet and editor. Afflicted by poverty in Kyoto, he moved to Osaka, where he studied Confucianism and Chinese literature with Katayama Hokkai (1723–90) and Hosoai Hansai (1727–1803) and joined the society of Chinese poetry, the Kontonshisha. He learnt seal-carving from ...