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Article

Bauhaus  

Rainer K. Wick

German school of art, design and architecture, founded by Walter Gropius. It was active in Weimar from 1919 to 1925, in Dessau from 1925 to 1932 and in Berlin from 1932 to 1933, when it was closed down by the Nazi authorities. The Bauhaus’s name referred to the medieval Bauhütten or ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1868, in Hamburg; died 27 February 1940, in Berlin.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, architect, designer, decorative artist, graphic designer. Posters, furniture, wallpaper, carpets, glassware, ceramics, table services, jewellery, silverwork, objets d'art, typefaces.

Jugendstil, functional school.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven), Deutscher Werkbund...

Article

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Germany.

Born 31 December 1849, in St Gall; died 1921, in Planegg.

Architect, painter, decorative designer, theorist. Designs (furniture/fabrics/metal objects/ceramics).

Jugendstil.

From 1868 to 1871 Hans Eduard von Berlepsch-Valendas was a student of architecture with Gottfried Sempers in Zurich. After graduating he abandoned architecture while he was living in Frankfurt, to go and train as a painter in Munich (...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 15 February 1900, in Florence.

Painter, draughtsman, ceramicist, lithographer, monotype artist.

Borsi became interested in painting from 1916 and participated in the Futurist movement while studying to be a goldsmith. In 1920, he moved to Scandinavia where he lived for five years, working in interior design and studying ceramics. His work was exhibited in Copenhagen. In ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 23 May 1868, in Munich; died 1940.

Sculptor (bronze), painter. Statuettes, medals, designs (porcelain).

Jugendstil.

Sophie Burger-Hartmann started studying painting in Munich and Paris, but mostly learned her craft by herself. She was married to the Swiss portrait painter Fritz Burger. They lived in Basel at first, then in Berlin from ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 16 August 1872, in Boulogne-sur-Mer; died 1 June 1971, in Sèvres.

Painter, potter, goldsmith. Fruit, flowers, plants. Ornaments.

Marie Berthe Yvart was married to Jean-Marie Michel Cazin, and studied with his father, Jean Charles Cazin. She produced mostly decorative works, such as vases and plates, working in ceramic, hammered copper and silver, leather, horn and other materials. She created ornaments of fruit, flowers, leaves and stylised branches. On ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 7 March 1912, in St-Étienne; died 5 December 1995, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, lithographer, illustrator, medallist. Wall decorations, designs for tapestries, designs for mosaics, designs for stained glass, frescoes, ceramics.

Jacques Despierre entered the studio of Lucien Simon at the École Nationale Superieur des Beaux-Arts in Paris in ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1886, in Faenza; died 1973, in Rome.

Painter, sculptor (bronze/marble), potter, draughtsman, engraver, medallist. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, figures, portraits, nudes, sporting subjects, landscapes, still-lifes, birds. Busts, groups, low reliefs, monuments.

Drei studied drawing and sculpture with A. Berti and gained a diploma from the Scuola d'Arti e Mestieri in Faenza in ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1919, in Etterbeek (Brussels).

Painter, sculptor, medallist, ceramicist, draughtsman, decorative designer, illustrator. Designs for tapestries.

Roger Duterme studied at the Etterbeek school of industrial art and design, and the Academy of St Luke in Brussels, where he later taught drawing. He became director of the École des Arts in Ixelles. He made large decorative panels for the Pavillon du St-Siège at the ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1927, in Poperinghe.

Painter, draughtsman, sculptor, potter, medallist.

De Gheus attended the École Supérieure des Arts St-Luc in Brussels. He has produced some monumental works for several Belgian towns. He won the Flanders Prize for sculpture and then for painting. He won a gold medal at the ...