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G. Lloyd-Morgan

Male figure (sometimes known as telamon, and equivalent to the female caryatid) used architecturally since the Classical period to replace a column, and for decorative effect in metalwork and furniture since the 16th century. It is usually represented standing with its hands behind its bowed head, as if supporting a heavy weight on its shoulders, and is probably modelled on the mythical Atlas, who was said to hold up the sky. Unlike caryatids, surviving examples from the Greco-Roman world are scarce. The earliest and most famous, in the huge ...

Article

Margaret Lyttleton and Quentin Hughes

Type of panelling on a ceiling, in which beams are interspersed with crossbeams; the spaces created between them are called the coffers.

Margaret Lyttleton

In ancient Greek architecture flat ceilings were usually made with long beams of stone or wood interspersed with short crossbeams; the coffers between carried elaborate decorations, such as the rosettes found in the east cella of the ...

Article

Fillet  

Narrow, flat, raised moulding used to give emphasis in architecture. The term is employed, for example, for the ridges (stria) between the flutes of an Ionic column, for the ribbon-like ornament between the echinus and necking of a column and for the uppermost step of a cornice. In the decorative arts fillets are used to hide the edges of wallpaper or hangings. In leatherwork (especially bookbindig), the term denotes a wheel tool used to impress a straight line or the straight line made by the tool. (...

Article

Finial  

In architecture, the crowning ornament on the point of a spire or pinnacle. In the decorative arts, in which it commonly takes the form of an acorn or un, finials are used on canopies, on the ends of open seats in a church and on the covers of tableware in silver or pottery....

Article

Trevor Proudfoot

In 

See Stucco and plasterwork

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See Stucco and plasterwork

Article

Trevor Proudfoot, Massoud Azarnoush, M. Rautmann, Geoffrey Beard, Sheila S. Blair, Jonathan M. Bloom, Ye. V. Zeymal’, Monique Maillard, Anna Maria Quagliotti, Elizabeth Ann Schneider, David M. Jones and Fiona Allardyce

In 

See Stucco and plasterwork

Article

Trevor Proudfoot and Fiona Allardyce

In 

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Article

Oscar P. Fitzgerald

Technique for imitating Asian Lacquer. Once Dutch and Portuguese traders imported lacquer ware from the Far East after 1700, Europeans became fascinated by this technique. Originating in ancient China, it spread to Japan where it is still practiced in the 21st century. The process involved the application of up to a hundred coats of lacquer produced from the sap of the ...

Article

Lunette  

In architecture a semicircular space on a wall or ceiling, framed by an arch or vault; in manuscript paining a similarly shaped, framed space often containing figural imagery or text. In cabinet-making the term is used more loosely to denote a fan-shaped decoration. Carved, painted or inlaid lunettes often appear on 18th-century furniture....