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Stephen Hill

English archaeologist and architectural historian. The first woman to achieve a first-class honours in modern history at Oxford University, she travelled widely in Europe, Japan and especially the Middle East in the 1890s, achieving fluency in a number of European languages as well as in Persian, Turkish and Arabic. She developed an interest in archaeology and architecture that was reflected in an authoritative set of articles on the Early Byzantine churches of Syria and southern Turkey, based on her travels in ...


M. Yaldiz

German explorer, archaeologist and art historian. He started his Asian studies in 1876 and obtained a doctorate in 1881 from the Technische Universität, Munich. In the same year, on the recommendation of his teacher Ernst Kuhn, he became an assistant in the Museum für Völkerkunde (Museum of Ethnology) in Berlin, where in ...


Bent Nielsen

Japanese sinologist and archaeologist. He graduated in Oriental History from the Imperial University in Kyoto (now Kyoto National University) in 1928 and went on to study Chinese archaeology in the Tōa Kōkogakkai (Archaeological Society of the Far East) in Beijing (1929–31). During the years up to ...


V. Ya. Petrukhin

Russian archaeologist and art historian. From 1938 to 1961 he was on the staff of the Leningrad division of the USSR Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Archaeology. In 1961 he was appointed head of the humanities research division at the Institute of Economics in the Siberian section of the USSR Academy of Sciences, becoming director of the Institute of History, Philology and Philosophy in the same section in ...


Caroline Gyss-Vermande

French scholar and explorer. Pelliot began his career in East Asian studies in 1899 at what was to become the Ecole Française d’Extrême-Orient (EFEO), established in Saigon in 1901, and then transferred to Hanoi in 1902. He was sent to Beijing with a commission to acquire books, manuscripts and works of art with which to establish the Chinese holding of the new school’s library and museum. He arrived during the Boxer Rebellion (...


S. J. Vernoit

(b Budapest, Nov 26, 1862; d Kabul, Oct 26, 1943). British scholar, explorer, archaeologist and geographer of Hungarian birth. He was educated in Germany, Hungary and Austria and in 1883 attained a PhD from the University of Tübingen. After further studies in Classical and Oriental archaeology and languages at Oxford University and the British Museum, he was appointed Principal of the Oriental College at Lahore in ...